FinnishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Finnic *keeli, from Proto-Uralic *käle. Cognates include Karelian kieli, Estonian keel, Northern Sami giella, Moksha кяль (kjalʹ), Erzya кель (kelʹ), Khanty кӧл (köl) and Nganasan сиәде.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkie̯li/, [ˈkie̞̯li]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -ieli
  • Syllabification(key): kie‧li

NounEdit

kieli

  1. (anatomy) tongue (organ)
  2. language (form of communication)
  3. (music) string (tightly tensioned wire that produces a tone)
  4. (music) reed (vibrating part in the mouthpiece of a woodwind instrument)
  5. tang, tongue, projecting part
  6. tongue (in a shoe)
    Synonym: iltti
Usage notesEdit

Can be used to distinguish meanings in terms for languages, such as islanti (Icelandic) being replaced with the more precise islannin kieli (literally "the language of Icelandic; Icelandic language"). In this case, the preceding word is in genitive. This is used particularly when speaking where there is no discernible difference between Islanti (Iceland) and islanti (Icelandic (language)) without relying on context.

DeclensionEdit
Inflection of kieli (Kotus type 26/pieni, no gradation)
nominative kieli kielet
genitive kielen kielten
kielien
partitive kieltä kieliä
illative kieleen kieliin
singular plural
nominative kieli kielet
accusative nom. kieli kielet
gen. kielen
genitive kielen kielten
kielien
partitive kieltä kieliä
inessive kielessä kielissä
elative kielestä kielistä
illative kieleen kieliin
adessive kielellä kielillä
ablative kieleltä kieliltä
allative kielelle kielille
essive kielenä kielinä
translative kieleksi kieliksi
instructive kielin
abessive kielettä kielittä
comitative kielineen
Possessive forms of kieli (type pieni)
possessor singular plural
1st person kieleni kielemme
2nd person kielesi kielenne
3rd person kielensä
Derived termsEdit
CompoundsEdit
IdiomsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Kven: kieli
  • Meänkieli: kieli

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkie̯li/, [ˈkie̞̯li] (indicative)
  • IPA(key): /ˈkie̯liˣ/, [ˈkie̞̯li(ʔ)] (imperative, connegative)
  • Rhymes: -ieli
  • Syllabification(key): kie‧li

VerbEdit

kieli

  1. Third-person singular indicative past form of kieliä.
  2. Indicative present connegative form of kieliä.
  3. Second-person singular imperative present form of kieliä.
  4. Second-person singular imperative present connegative form of kieliä.

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


KarelianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *keeli, from Proto-Uralic *käle. Cognates include Finnish kieli and Estonian keel.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkie̯li/
  • Hyphenation: kie‧li

NounEdit

kieli (genitive kielen, partitive kieltä)

  1. tongue
  2. language

ReferencesEdit

  • P. Zaykov; L. Rugoyeva (1999), “kieli”, in Карельско-Русский словарь (Северно-Карельские диалекты) [Karelian-Russian dictionary (North Karelian dialects)], Petrozavodsk, →ISBN

KvenEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Finnish kieli, from Proto-Finnic *keeli, from Proto-Uralic *käle.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

kieli (genitive kielen, partitive kieltä)

  1. tongue
  2. language

ReferencesEdit

  • Eira Söderholm (2017) Kvensk grammatikk, Tromsø: Cappelen Damm Akademisk, →ISBN, page 293

LivviEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *keeli. Cognates include Finnish kieli and Estonian keel.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkie̯li/
  • Hyphenation: kie‧li

NounEdit

kieli (genitive kielen, partitive kieldy)

  1. tongue
  2. language
  3. clapper (of a bell)

DeclensionEdit

Declension of kieli (Type 24/kieli, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative kieli kielet
genitive kielen kieliin
partitive kieldy kielii
illative kieleh kieliih
inessive kieles kieliis
elative kielespäi kieliispäi
allative kielele kieliile
adessive kielel kieliil
ablative kielelpäi kieliilpäi
translative kielekse kieliikse
essive kielenny kieliinny
abessive kielettäh kieliittäh
comitative kielenke kieliinke
instructive kieliiči
prolative kieleči

Derived termsEdit

(compounds):

ReferencesEdit

  • Olga Žarinova (2012) Pagizemmo Karjalakse [Let's speak Karelian], St Petersburg, →ISBN, page 10
  • Tatjana Boiko (2019) Suuri Karjal-Venʹalaine Sanakniigu (livvin murreh) [The Big Karelian-Russian dictionary (Livvi dialect)], 2nd edition, →ISBN, page 105