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LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

The origin of this word is not clear. Some researchers link it to Latvian mācēt (to know how, to be able to), Russian dialectal намокнуть (namóknut’, to become accustomed), Polish dialectal makać (to touch, to hit), maklać, makłać (to touch). Others suggest that meklēt comes from Proto-Indo-European *mē- (to measure), via Proto-Baltic *met-l- (cf. mest “to throw” > *met-ti < *mē-) > mekl-. A third idea is that meklēt is related to dialectal terms for “digging”, like meknīt, mekņīt “to dig (in a thick mass)”, meksēt, mekšēt, mekšķēt “to dig; to eat with appetite.” If originally the stem is supposed to have meant “to dig (into a thick mass),” then it would be possible to derive meklēt from Proto-Indo-European *mak-, *māk- (wet), leading to an older verb *mekt, of which meklēt would originally have been the iterative form; the semantic evolution would have been “thick, wet substance” > “to dig into a thick, wet substance” > “to search for something (in a thick, wet substance)” > “to search, to look for.” Cognates include Lithuanian mė́klinti (to suspect; to mention; to recall; to think; to consider, to ponder), Russian dialectal мекать (mékat’, mekát’, to think, to believe, to know, to sense, to hope for).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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VerbEdit

meklēt tr., 2nd conj., pres. meklēju, meklē, meklē, past meklēju

  1. to search for, to look for (something or someone lost, hidden, etc.)
    meklēt pazaudētos cimdusto look for the lost gloves
    meklēt kabatās atslēgusto look for the keys in (one's) pockets
    meklēt atvilktnē dokumentuto look for a document in the drawer
    meklēt karā pazudušos vecākusto look for parents who disappeared during the war
    galvu noliecis, viņš meklē nauduhaving bowed (his) head, he is looking for the money
    viņa rosījās pa istabu, meklēdama kādu šķīvi un nazi ar dakšiņushe was busy all around the room, looking for a plate with a fork and knife
  2. to search for, to look for (to try to perceive or discern something)
    meklēt zvēru pēdasto look for animal trails, footprints
    meklēt pieeju upeito look for an access to the river
    meklēt ceļu uz ezeruto look for the road to the lake
    viņš steidzās meklēt Tīrumu ieluhe hastened to look for Tīrumu street
    viņi meklē pa īsviļņiem kuģu sasaukšanos dažādās nesaprotamās valodāsthey looked for ship hails in several unknown languages on shortwaves
  3. to search for, to look for (to try to find by researching, analyzing)
    meklēt naftas atradnesto search for oil fields
    diamanti tika meklēti arī citur: Kolas pussalā, Jeņisejas baseinā(they) searched for diamonds also elsewhere: in the Kola pensinsula, in the Yenissey basin
  4. (of errors, mistakes) to search for, to look for, to check for
    meklēt brāķito look for a defective item
    meklēt tekstā iespiedkļūdasto look for typographical errors in a text
  5. to search for, to look for (to try to find or obtain something that one needs or wants)
    meklēt darbuto look for work, a job
    meklēt aizņēmumuto look for a loan
    meklēt veikalos uzvalkam drānuto look in the shops for cloth for a suit
    rajona kolhozi meklē daudzgadīgo zāļu sēklasthe local collective farm is looking for seeds of perennial plants
  6. to look for, to try to meet (someone), to try to find (someone, e.g., for a job)
    meklēt palīguto look for help (= a helper, an assistant)
    meklēt darbiniekusto look for employees
    “paklausies, Arvīd!” Baltābols pienāca: “kāds vīrs tevi meklē; bijis pie tevis jau mājā”“listen, Arvid!” Baltābols came (to him): “some guy is looking for you; he has already been to your house”
  7. to look for, to seek (to try to be in a certain situation, to have a certain emotion)
    meklēt priekuto seek pleasure
    meklēt mierinājumuto seek comfort, solace, consolation
    meklēt brīvu brīdito look for a free moment
    vecais pārlaida skatu visapkārt, it kā meklēdams palīdzībuthe old man looked all around, as if seeking help
  8. to look for, to search for (to try to obtain some information, to think of something, to create something new in one's mind)
    meklēt pierādījumusto look for evidence
    meklēt problēmas atrisinājumuto look for a solution to a problem
    meklēt jaunas darba metodesto look for new ways of working
    'meklēt izeju no situācijasto look for a way out of the situation
    meklēt vārdusto look for words (= to try to say something appropriate)
    institūta ļaudis meklē vislabākos variantusthe institute people are looking for the best options

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “meklēt”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7