See also: pénal

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French peinal, from Medieval Latin penalis, from Latin poenalis, from poena (punishment), from Ancient Greek ποινή (poinḗ, punishment), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷoynéh₂.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

penal (not comparable)

  1. Of or relating to punishment.
    penal servitude
  2. Subject to punishment; punishable.
    a penal offence
  3. Serving as a place of punishment.
    a penal colony
  4. Exorbitant.
    a penal rate of interest.

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From pena +‎ -al.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

penal (masculine and feminine plural penals)

  1. penal, criminal

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


GalicianEdit

 
palloza (thatched house) in eastern Galicia. Note the penais.

Etymology 1Edit

14th century. From pena (stone) +‎ -al.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

penal m (plural penais)

  1. shorter, lateral wall of a house
    • 1429, M. Lucas Alvarez & M. J. Justo Martín (eds.), Fontes documentais da Universidade de Santiago de Compostela. Pergameos da serie Bens do Arquivo Histórico Universitario (Anos 1237-1537). Santiago: Consello da Cultura Galega, page 307:
      huna estrema de boa parede des lo canto mays de baixo do penal da dita casa [...] asta huna crus (+) que asignalamos e fezemos por marqua e deuision enna parede da orta de vos o dito liçençiado e vosos yrmâôs
      [We shall build]] a boundary, made of good wall, from the extreme of the lateral wall of that house [...] till a cross (+) that we have signalled and done as mark and division in the wall of the garden that belongs to you, the aforementioned lawyer, and to your brothers
  2. supporting wall
    Synonym: parede mestra
  3. each one of the slabs which tops a wall to protect it from the rain
  4. eaves
    Synonyms: beirado, beiril, sobrepena, sopena, topete

Etymology 2Edit

From Late Latin poenalis (penal).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

penal m or f (plural penais)

  1. penal (of or relating to punishment)

NounEdit

penal m (plural penais)

  1. prison
    Synonyms: cadea, cárcere, trenla

ReferencesEdit

  • penal” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • penal” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • penal” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • penal” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • penal” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

LadinEdit

AdjectiveEdit

penal m (feminine singular penala, masculine plural penai, feminine plural penales)

  1. penal

PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin poenalis or pena +‎ -al.

AdjectiveEdit

penal m or f (plural penais, comparable)

  1. penal (related to punishment, often in legal context)

Etymology 2Edit

From German Pennal, from Latin pennale, from penna (feather). Likely reinforced by Ukranian and Russian пенал (penal).

NounEdit

penal m (plural penais)

  1. (Paraná, regionalism) pencil case
    Synonym: estojo

Etymology 3Edit

From pênalti.

NounEdit

penal m (plural penais)

  1. (soccer) penalty

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Late Latin poenālis.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

penal (plural penales)

  1. penal

NounEdit

penal m (plural penales)

  1. a kind of prison
  2. (soccer) penalty

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit