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From prō- +‎ habeō (I have). Compare Old English forhealdan for the formation.


  • (Classical) IPA(key): /proˈː/, [prɔˈhɪ.be.oː]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /proˈ, [prɔˈiː.bɛ.ɔ]
  • (file)


prohibeō (present infinitive prohibēre, perfect active prohibuī, supine prohibitum); second conjugation

  1. I hold back or before, keep off, restrain; avert; prevent, hinder
  2. I forbid, prohibit
  3. I keep, preserve, defend, protect
  4. I keep (someone (accusative)) off (something (ablative))


   Conjugation of prohibeō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present prohibeō prohibēs prohibet prohibēmus prohibētis prohibent
imperfect prohibēbam prohibēbās prohibēbat prohibēbāmus prohibēbātis prohibēbant
future prohibēbō prohibēbis prohibēbit prohibēbimus prohibēbitis prohibēbunt
perfect prohibuī prohibuistī prohibuit prohibuimus prohibuistis prohibuērunt, prohibuēre
pluperfect prohibueram prohibuerās prohibuerat prohibuerāmus prohibuerātis prohibuerant
future perfect prohibuerō prohibueris prohibuerit prohibuerimus prohibueritis prohibuerint
passive present prohibeor prohibēris, prohibēre prohibētur prohibēmur prohibēminī prohibentur
imperfect prohibēbar prohibēbāris, prohibēbāre prohibēbātur prohibēbāmur prohibēbāminī prohibēbantur
future prohibēbor prohibēberis, prohibēbere prohibēbitur prohibēbimur prohibēbiminī prohibēbuntur
perfect prohibitus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect prohibitus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect prohibitus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present prohibeam prohibeās prohibeat prohibeāmus prohibeātis prohibeant
imperfect prohibērem prohibērēs prohibēret prohibērēmus prohibērētis prohibērent
perfect prohibuerim prohibuerīs prohibuerit prohibuerīmus prohibuerītis prohibuerint
pluperfect prohibuissem prohibuissēs prohibuisset prohibuissēmus prohibuissētis prohibuissent
passive present prohibear prohibeāris, prohibeāre prohibeātur prohibeāmur prohibeāminī prohibeantur
imperfect prohibērer prohibērēris, prohibērēre prohibērētur prohibērēmur prohibērēminī prohibērentur
perfect prohibitus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect prohibitus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present prohibē prohibēte
future prohibētō prohibētō prohibētōte prohibentō
passive present prohibēre prohibēminī
future prohibētor prohibētor prohibentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives prohibēre prohibuisse prohibitūrum esse prohibērī prohibitum esse prohibitum īrī
participles prohibēns prohibitūrus prohibitus prohibendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
prohibendī prohibendō prohibendum prohibendō prohibitum prohibitū

Old forms:

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


  • Catalan: prohibir
  • English: prohibit
  • French: prohiber
  • Italian: proibire
  • Occitan: proïbir


  • prohibeo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • prohibeo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • prohibeo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • heaven forfend: di prohibeant, di meliora!
    • to welcome to one's house (opp. to shut one's door against some one): tecto, (in) domum suam aliquem recipere (opp. prohibere aliquem tecto, domo)
    • to strike off the burgess-roll: censu prohibere, excludere
    • to cut off all supplies of the enemy: intercludere, prohibere hostes commeatu
    • to be unable to land: portu, terra prohiberi (B. C. 3. 15)