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LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From re- (back, again) +‎ dūcō (lead).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

redūcō (present infinitive redūcere, perfect active redūxī, supine reductum); third conjugation, irregular short imperative

  1. I lead, draw, bring or conduct back; bring or accompany home
  2. (military, of troops) I withdraw, cause to retreat, draw off, remove
  3. (figuratively) I bring back, restore, recall, revive, replace; reform
  4. (figuratively) I bring, produce or get out a quantity of
  5. (figuratively) I bring, make or reduce to a certain condition or quality
  6. (Medieval Latin) I quell, I subdue, I subjugate [10th C.]

ConjugationEdit

   Conjugation of redūcō (third conjugation, irregular short imperative)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present redūcō redūcis redūcit redūcimus redūcitis redūcunt
imperfect redūcēbam redūcēbās redūcēbat redūcēbāmus redūcēbātis redūcēbant
future redūcam redūcēs redūcet redūcēmus redūcētis redūcent
perfect redūxī redūxistī redūxit redūximus redūxistis redūxērunt, redūxēre
pluperfect redūxeram redūxerās redūxerat redūxerāmus redūxerātis redūxerant
future perfect redūxerō redūxeris redūxerit redūxerimus redūxeritis redūxerint
passive present redūcor redūceris, redūcere redūcitur redūcimur redūciminī redūcuntur
imperfect redūcēbar redūcēbāris, redūcēbāre redūcēbātur redūcēbāmur redūcēbāminī redūcēbantur
future redūcar redūcēris, redūcēre redūcētur redūcēmur redūcēminī redūcentur
perfect reductus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect reductus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect reductus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present redūcam redūcās redūcat redūcāmus redūcātis redūcant
imperfect redūcerem redūcerēs redūceret redūcerēmus redūcerētis redūcerent
perfect redūxerim redūxerīs redūxerit redūxerīmus redūxerītis redūxerint
pluperfect redūxissem redūxissēs redūxisset redūxissēmus redūxissētis redūxissent
passive present redūcar redūcāris, redūcāre redūcātur redūcāmur redūcāminī redūcantur
imperfect redūcerer redūcerēris, redūcerēre redūcerētur redūcerēmur redūcerēminī redūcerentur
perfect reductus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect reductus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present redūc, redūce redūcite
future redūcitō redūcitō redūcitōte redūcuntō
passive present redūcere redūciminī
future redūcitor redūcitor redūcuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives redūcere redūxisse reductūrum esse redūcī reductum esse reductum īrī
participles redūcēns reductūrus reductus redūcendus, redūcundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
redūcendī redūcendō redūcendum redūcendō reductum reductū

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • reduco in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • reduco in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • reduco in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to reconcile two people; to be a mediator: in gratiam aliquem cum aliquo reducere
    • to recall a thing to a person's mind: in memoriam alicuius redigere, reducere aliquid (not revocare)
    • to bring a person back to the right way: in viam reducere aliquem
    • to reduce a people to their former obedience: aliquem ad officium (cf. sect. X. 7, note officium...) reducere (Nep. Dat. 2. 3)
  • Jan Frederik Niermeyer, Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus : Lexique Latin Médiéval–Français/Anglais : A Medieval Latin–French/English Dictionary, fascicle I (1976), 898/1, “reducere”