See also: and
U+6BB5, 段
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6BB5

[U+6BB4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6BB6]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 79, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹十竹弓水 (HJHNE), four-corner 77447, composition ⿰⿰)

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 584, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16619
  • Dae Jaweon: page 977, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2155, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+6BB5

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

In the bronze script it is a phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *doːns) and ideogrammic compound (會意会意): phonetic (OC *hŋaːnʔ, *hŋaːns) + semantic , showing a hand breaking a stone with fragments coming off (Li Xueqin, 2012).

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • tōaⁿ - vernacular;
  • toān - literary (incl. surname).
Note: duêng6/duang6 - surname.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter dwanH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/duɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/dʷɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/duɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dwanH/
Li
Rong
/duɑnH/
Wang
Li
/duɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱuɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
duàn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
dyun6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
duàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ twanH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˁo[n]-s/
English hammer

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2534
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*doːns/

Definitions edit

  1. section; piece; division
  2. administrative unit; department
  3. (sports) grade; level (in chess, martial arts, etc.)
  4. Classifier for a segment or section of something that is long: piece; segment
  5. Classifier for a distance or a period of time.
  6. Classifier for writing, speech, etc.
  7. a surname
      ―  Duàn Qíruì  ―  Duan Qirui (Chinese warlord and politician)

Usage notes edit

The component on the left-hand side of the character can be referred to as 段字旁 (duànzìpáng).

Synonyms edit

  • (classifier for a segment or section): (Cantonese, Min) (gyut6)

Compounds edit

Descendants edit

  • Thai: ตอน (dtɔɔn)

Further reading edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. step
  2. rank; grade

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
だん
Grade: 6
goon

Noun edit

(だん) (dan

  1. steps (up and down); stairs
  2. rating; ranking
  3. row; line (of text)
  4. (mathematics) multiplication table
    12(じゅうに)(だん)
    jūni no dan
    12 times table
  5. (typography) the equivalent to a column in Western layout, but that can be horizontal or vertical depending on the writing direction
    Meronym: (gyō, line)
    (だん)(すう)
    dansū
    a column count
    (だん)(かん)
    dankan
    column spacing; gutter

Suffix edit

(だん) (-dan

  1. (after a number) -th rank; -th degree black belt (in karate, judo, etc)
  2. a section (horizonal line) in the gojūon table, which consists of kana that have or historically have had the same vowel
    (ぎょう)(だん)
    ha-gyō u-dan
    row ha, section u (of consonant /h/ and vowel /u/)
  3. (typography, newspapers) a unit in newspaper typesetting, equal to 1408 mils, 14081000 in, 128 U and 16 (bai)
Coordinate terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
たん
Grade: 6
kan’on
Alternative spelling

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(たん) (tan

  1. a unit of areal measure equivalent to 300 (tsubo), now standardised at exactly 120000/121 square metres (around 991.7 m²)
Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Chinese (MC dwanH). Recorded as Middle Korean ⿰⿰/단〯 (tǎn) (Yale: tan) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja edit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 구분 (gubun dan))

  1. Hanja form? of (step).

Compounds edit

References edit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: đoạn, đoàn

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.