English edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Spanish, from Germanic; compare Swedish sal. Doublet of salle and sale.

Noun edit

sala (plural salas)

  1. A large hall or reception room.

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Thai ศาลา (sǎa-laa).

Noun edit

sala (plural salas)

  1. An open pavilion in Thailand used as a meeting place or to shelter from the weather.

Etymology 3 edit

Hindi [Term?]

Noun edit

sala (plural salas)

  1. (India) brother-in-law; wife's brother

Anagrams edit

Asturian edit

 
Asturian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ast

Etymology edit

Of Germanic origin, from Frankish *sali.

Noun edit

sala f (plural sales)

  1. room
  2. hall

Bikol Central edit

Etymology 1 edit

From either:

Pronunciation 1 edit

  • IPA(key): /saˈlaʔ/, [saˈl̪aʔ]
  • Hyphenation: sa‧la

Adjective edit

salâ (plural sarala, Basahan spelling ᜐᜎ)

  1. wrong; incorrect; mistaken
    Antonym: tama
Derived terms edit

Pronunciation 2 edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsalaʔ/, [ˈsa.l̪aʔ]
  • Hyphenation: sa‧la

Noun edit

salà (Basahan spelling ᜐᜎ)

  1. fault; error; mistake; blunder
Derived terms edit
References edit
  1. ^ Blust, Robert, Trussel, Stephen (2010–) “*salaq₁”, in The Austronesian Comparative Dictionary
  2. ^ Potet, Jean-Paul G. (2013) Arabic and Persian Loanwords in Tagalog, Lulu Press, →ISBN, pages 148-149

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Spanish sala (room).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsala/, [ˈsa.l̪a]
  • Hyphenation: sa‧la

Noun edit

sála (Basahan spelling ᜐᜎ)

  1. living room
  2. parlor

See also edit

Catalan edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Of Germanic origin, from Frankish *sali.

Noun edit

sala f (plural sales)

  1. a large room (division of a building)
    Hypernym: cambra
  2. hall (a meeting room)
  3. living room
    Synonym: sala d'estar
Usage notes edit
  • Often refers to a type of room outside the home used for a specific purpose, (e.g. hospital room, operating room, courtroom), often with a qualifier, as in sala d'operacions.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

sala

  1. inflection of salar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading edit

Cebuano edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Sanskrit शाला (śālā, living room).

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: sa‧la
  • IPA(key): /ˈsala/, [ˈs̪a.l̪ʌ]

Noun edit

sála (Badlit spelling ᜐᜎ)

  1. living room

Etymology 2 edit

Unknown.

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: sa‧la
  • IPA(key): /ˈsala/, [ˈs̪a.l̪ʌ]

Noun edit

sála (Badlit spelling ᜐᜎ)

  1. a tree, Lepidopetalum perrottetii

Etymology 3 edit

From either:

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: sa‧la
  • IPA(key): /saˈlaʔ/, [s̪ʌˈl̪aʔ]

Noun edit

salâ (Badlit spelling ᜐᜎ)

  1. (theology) sin

References edit

  1. ^ Blust, Robert, Trussel, Stephen (2010–) “*salaq₁”, in The Austronesian Comparative Dictionary
  2. ^ Potet, Jean-Paul G. (2013) Arabic and Persian Loanwords in Tagalog, Lulu Press, →ISBN, pages 148-149

Esperanto edit

Etymology edit

From salo (salt) +‎ -a.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈsala]
  • Audio:
    (file)
  • Rhymes: -ala
  • Hyphenation: sal‧a

Adjective edit

sala (accusative singular salan, plural salaj, accusative plural salajn)

  1. salty

See also edit

Basic tastes in Esperanto · gustoj (layout · text)
           
dolĉa acida sala amara akra bongusta

Estonian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Uralic *sala (to hide, steal, thief). Cognate to Finnish sala (secret), Northern Sami suoládit (to keep secret, to conceal), Northern Sami suola (thief), Eastern Mari šolšta- (to steal), Tundra Nenets талей (talyey°, thief), Tundra Nenets талесь (talyesʹ°, to steal), Nganasan толар- (to conceal), and Ket Selkup tuel- (secret).

Adverb edit

sala (not comparable)

  1. secretly
    Synonym: salaja

Compounds edit

Related terms edit

Fijian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Central Pacific *sala, variant of *cala, from Proto-Oceanic *salan, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *zalan, from Proto-Austronesian *zalan.

Noun edit

sala

  1. path (a trail for the use of, or worn by, pedestrians)
  2. path (a course taken)
  3. road (a way for travel)
  4. road (a path in life)
  5. street (paved part of road in a village or a town)

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *sala, from Proto-Uralic *sala (to hide, steal, thief). Cognates include Estonian sala (secretly), Livonian salātõ (to hide something), Northern Sami suoládit (to keep secret, to conceal), Northern Sami suola (thief), Erzya саламс (salams, to steal), Eastern Mari шолышташ (šolyštaš, to steal), Tundra Nenets талей (talyey°, thief), Tundra Nenets талесь (talyesʹ°, to steal), Nganasan толар- (to conceal), and Ket Southern Selkup [script needed] (tuel-, secret).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsɑlɑ/, [ˈs̠ɑ̝lɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -ɑlɑ
  • Syllabification(key): sa‧la

Noun edit

sala (dated)

  1. secret (currently used mostly idiomatically and as modifier in compound terms)
    Synonym: salaisuus
    olla salassato be (a) secret
    jäädä salaanto be left a secret

Declension edit

Inflection of sala (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative sala salat
genitive salan salojen
partitive salaa saloja
illative salaan saloihin
singular plural
nominative sala salat
accusative nom. sala salat
gen. salan
genitive salan salojen
salainrare
partitive salaa saloja
inessive salassa saloissa
elative salasta saloista
illative salaan saloihin
adessive salalla saloilla
ablative salalta saloilta
allative salalle saloille
essive salana saloina
translative salaksi saloiksi
abessive salatta saloitta
instructive saloin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of sala (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative salani salani
accusative nom. salani salani
gen. salani
genitive salani salojeni
salainirare
partitive salaani salojani
inessive salassani saloissani
elative salastani saloistani
illative salaani saloihini
adessive salallani saloillani
ablative salaltani saloiltani
allative salalleni saloilleni
essive salanani saloinani
translative salakseni saloikseni
abessive salattani saloittani
instructive
comitative saloineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative salasi salasi
accusative nom. salasi salasi
gen. salasi
genitive salasi salojesi
salaisirare
partitive salaasi salojasi
inessive salassasi saloissasi
elative salastasi saloistasi
illative salaasi saloihisi
adessive salallasi saloillasi
ablative salaltasi saloiltasi
allative salallesi saloillesi
essive salanasi saloinasi
translative salaksesi saloiksesi
abessive salattasi saloittasi
instructive
comitative saloinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative salamme salamme
accusative nom. salamme salamme
gen. salamme
genitive salamme salojemme
salaimmerare
partitive salaamme salojamme
inessive salassamme saloissamme
elative salastamme saloistamme
illative salaamme saloihimme
adessive salallamme saloillamme
ablative salaltamme saloiltamme
allative salallemme saloillemme
essive salanamme saloinamme
translative salaksemme saloiksemme
abessive salattamme saloittamme
instructive
comitative saloinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative salanne salanne
accusative nom. salanne salanne
gen. salanne
genitive salanne salojenne
salainnerare
partitive salaanne salojanne
inessive salassanne saloissanne
elative salastanne saloistanne
illative salaanne saloihinne
adessive salallanne saloillanne
ablative salaltanne saloiltanne
allative salallenne saloillenne
essive salananne saloinanne
translative salaksenne saloiksenne
abessive salattanne saloittanne
instructive
comitative saloinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative salansa salansa
accusative nom. salansa salansa
gen. salansa
genitive salansa salojensa
salainsarare
partitive salaansa salojaan
salojansa
inessive salassaan
salassansa
saloissaan
saloissansa
elative salastaan
salastansa
saloistaan
saloistansa
illative salaansa saloihinsa
adessive salallaan
salallansa
saloillaan
saloillansa
ablative salaltaan
salaltansa
saloiltaan
saloiltansa
allative salalleen
salallensa
saloilleen
saloillensa
essive salanaan
salanansa
saloinaan
saloinansa
translative salakseen
salaksensa
saloikseen
saloiksensa
abessive salattaan
salattansa
saloittaan
saloittansa
instructive
comitative saloineen
saloinensa

Derived terms edit

compounds

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

sala

  1. third-person singular past historic of saler

Garo edit

Verb edit

sala

  1. to pull

Higaonon edit

Noun edit

sala

  1. sin
  2. crime

Icelandic edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse sala, from Proto-Germanic *salō.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

sala f (genitive singular sölu, nominative plural sölur)

  1. sale (act of selling)

Declension edit

Ilocano edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsala/, [ˈsɐ.la]
  • Hyphenation: sa‧la

Noun edit

sala (plural salla, Kur-itan spelling ᜐᜎ)

  1. dance

Derived terms edit

Indonesian edit

Etymology edit

From Sanskrit शाल (śāla, Shorea robusta, literally house, hall). Doublet of salam and syala.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /sala/
  • Hyphenation: sa‧la

Noun edit

sala (first-person possessive salaku, second-person possessive salamu, third-person possessive salanya)

  1. Eurya japonica.
    Synonym: jirak

Further reading edit

Ingrian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *sala (secret). Cognates include Finnish sala.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

sala

  1. (in compounds) secret

Declension edit

Declension of sala (type 3/kana, no gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative sala salat
genitive salan salloin
partitive sallaa saloja
illative sallaa salloi
inessive salas salois
elative salast saloist
allative salalle saloille
adessive salal saloil
ablative salalt saloilt
translative salaks saloiks
essive salanna, sallaan saloinna, salloin
exessive1) salant saloint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 501

Italian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsa.la/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ala
  • Hyphenation: sà‧la

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from French salle.

Noun edit

sala f (plural sale)

  1. room
    Synonyms: stanza, camera
  2. hall
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Via Latin asse.

Noun edit

sala f (plural sale)

  1. axis
  2. sedge

Etymology 3 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

sala

  1. inflection of salare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Javanese edit

Romanization edit

sala

  1. Romanization of ꦱꦭ

Kituba edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *cád.

Verb edit

sala

  1. to work

Latvian edit

Etymology 1 edit

 sala on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Sala
 
Sala

There are different opinions on the origin of this word. Some derive it from Proto-Baltic *sel-, *sal-, from Proto-Indo-European *sel-, a variant of *ser- (to flow); in this case, the original meaning would have been “stream, river,” from which “body of water”(cf. Lithuanian sálti (to flow slowly), Ancient Greek ἕλος (hélos, swamp) (< *selos), Sanskrit सरः (sáraḥ, lake, pond), perhaps also Latin insula < *in-sal-, and several river names: Salaca, Salica > Selke in Germany, Salate), then “something inside (a body of water),” “island.” Others derive sala from *ap(i)sala, from a verb meaning “to flow” (cf. Russian о́стров (óstrov, island), from Proto-Slavic *o-strovь, so that the original meaning would be “that which is surrounded by flowing (water)”). Still others consider sala to come from Proto-Indo-European *swel- (to swell), with as original meaning “(river) silt, deposits, sediments.” Cognates include Lithuanian salà; comparable Baltic-Finnic terms (Livonian sala (island), Estonian salu (swamp island), Finnish salo (forest island; forest)) are considered as borrowings from Baltic.[1]

Pronunciation edit

  This entry needs an audio pronunciation. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record this word. The recorded pronunciation will appear here when it's ready.

Noun edit

sala f (4th declension)

  1. island (relatively small amount of land surrounded by water in a river, sea, or ocean)
    okeāna, jūras, ezera salaocean, sea, lake island
    salu grupasgroups of islands
    vulkāniskā salaVolcanic island
    sanesumu saladrift island
    kontinentālā salacontinental island
    koraļļu salacoral island
    Madagaskaras salathe island of Madagascar
  2. island (higher place in a swamp or forest)
    cilvēki rakuši mantu zemē un ar lopiem un vezumiem mēģinājuši noslēpties silos un purvu salāsthe people hid their property in the land and with (their) cattle and wagons tried to hide in the pine forest and swamp islands
Declension edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun edit

sala m

  1. genitive singular of sals

Etymology 3 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

sala

  1. third-person singular/plural past indicative of salt

References edit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992) “sala”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

Lingala edit

Verb edit

sala

  1. to do

Lithuanian edit

Etymology edit

Cognate with Proto-Germanic *salą and Old Church Slavonic село (selo).

Noun edit

salà f (plural sãlos) stress pattern 4

  1. isle, island

Declension edit

References edit


Livonian edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Finnic *sala, from Proto-Uralic *sala. Cognate with Estonian sala, Finnish sala.

Adjective edit

sala

  1. secret

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from a Baltic language, compare Lithuanian sala.

Noun edit

sala

  1. island

Maltese edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Sicilian sala and/or Italian sala, both ultimately from Proto-Germanic *saliz.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

sala f (plural swali or swalijiet)

  1. hall, large room

Northern Ndebele edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *-tígada, derived from Proto-Bantu *-tíga.

Verb edit

-sála

  1. to remain

Conjugation edit

This entry needs an inflection-table template.

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse sǫðla, from Proto-Germanic *sadulōną.

Alternative forms edit

  • sale (with e or split infinitive)

Verb edit

sala (present tense salar, past tense sala, past participle sala, passive infinitive salast, present participle salande, imperative sala/sal)

  1. (transitive) to saddle

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

sala n

  1. definite plural of sal

Etymology 3 edit

Uncertain, but may be related to såla, or even sala (Etymology 1).

Alternative forms edit

  • sale (with e or split infinitive)

Verb edit

sala (present tense salar, past tense sala, past participle sala, passive infinitive salast, present participle salande, imperative sala/sal)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References edit

Anagrams edit

Nupe edit

Etymology edit

From Hausa sallā̀, from Arabic صَلَاة (ṣalāh).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

sála

  1. (Islam) prayer, salat
    Kókóta jin sála, eshìgi bà àdúwa.Lice do salat, dogs do prayer
  2. (Islam) religious holiday

Derived terms edit

Old Norse edit

Noun edit

sala

  1. genitive plural of salr

Papiamentu edit

 

Etymology 1 edit

From Spanish sala and Portuguese sala and Kabuverdianu sála.

Noun edit

sala

  1. living room, sitting room
  2. lounge

Etymology 2 edit

From Spanish salar and Kabuverdianu salga.

Verb edit

sala

  1. to salt (add salt)

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French salle.[1] First attested in the 16th century.[2]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

sala f (diminutive salka, related adjective salowa)

  1. assembly hall (large room where people gather)
    Synonym: aula
    1. assembly hall (those gathered in such a room)
    2. (rare) seats in an assembly hall
  2. (obsolete) dance studio
  3. (obsolete) living room
    Synonym: salon

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

nouns

Trivia edit

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), sala is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 8 times in scientific texts, 38 times in news, 12 times in essays, 27 times in fiction, and 9 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 94 times, making it the 672nd most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[3]

References edit

  1. ^ Stanisław Dubisz, editor (2003), “sala”, in Uniwersalny słownik języka polskiego [Universal dictionary of the Polish language]‎[1] (in Polish), volumes 1-4, Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN SA, →ISBN
  2. ^ Maria Renata Mayenowa, Stanisław Rospond, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Hrabec, Władysław Kuraszkiewicz (2010-2023) “sala”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish]
  3. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990) “sala”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language]‎[2] (in Polish), volume 2, Kraków, Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 518

Further reading edit

Portuguese edit

Etymology edit

From a Germanic language, from Proto-Germanic *salą. Doublet of .

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

sala f (plural salas)

  1. room (division in a building)
    Synonyms: aposento, câmara, (especially a bedroom) quarto
  2. (specifically) living room (room in a house for general social and leisure activities)
    Synonym: sala de estar
  3. Ellipsis of sala de aula (classroom).

Quotations edit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:sala.

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Sango edit

Verb edit

sala

  1. to do

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology 1 edit

From German Saal.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /sǎːla/
  • Hyphenation: sa‧la

Noun edit

sála f (Cyrillic spelling са́ла)

  1. (colloquial) hall, auditorium
Declension edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish صلا (sala), from Arabic صَلَاة (ṣalāh).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /sǎla/
  • Hyphenation: sa‧la

Noun edit

sàla f (Cyrillic spelling са̀ла)

  1. (Islam) a prayer recited by a muezzin on a minaret on the occasion of someone's death
Declension edit

Etymology 3 edit

From Ottoman Turkish صال (sal).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /sâla/
  • Hyphenation: sa‧la

Noun edit

sȁla f (Cyrillic spelling са̏ла)

  1. (regional, usually in the plural) stretcher (clarification of this definition is needed)
Declension edit

Etymology 4 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun edit

sala (Cyrillic spelling сала)

  1. genitive singular of salo

References edit

  • sala” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • sala” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • Škaljić, Abdulah (1966) Turcizmi u srpskohrvatskom jeziku, Sarajevo: Svjetlost, page 544

Southern Ndebele edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *-tígada, derived from Proto-Bantu *-tíga.

Verb edit

-sála

  1. to remain

Conjugation edit

This entry needs an inflection-table template.

Spanish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsala/ [ˈsa.la]
  • Audio (Colombia):(file)
  • Rhymes: -ala
  • Syllabification: sa‧la

Etymology 1 edit

From a Germanic language, from Proto-Germanic *saliz, see also German Saal, Middle Low German seli, Old High German sal, from Proto-Indo-European *sel- (human settlement, village, dwelling). Cognate with French salle (room). Compare English salon. Compare Dutch zaal.

Noun edit

sala f (plural salas)

  1. room (a separate part of a building)
    Synonyms: cuarto, ambiente, habitación, pieza, recámara
    sala de estarliving room
  2. large hall
  3. ward (section of a hospital)
  4. courtroom
Hyponyms edit
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Cebuano: sala
  • Tagalog: sala

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

sala

  1. inflection of salar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading edit

Swahili edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

sala (n class, plural sala)

  1. Alternative form of swala (prayer)

Swazi edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *-tígada, derived from Proto-Bantu *-tíga.

Verb edit

-sála

  1. (intransitive) to stay behind, to remain

Conjugation edit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Tagalog edit

Etymology 1 edit

From either:

Pronunciation edit

  • (Standard Tagalog)
    • IPA(key): /ˈsala/ [ˈsa.lɐ], (nonstandard) /ˈsalaʔ/ [ˈsa.lɐʔ] (fault; mistake; sin, noun; wrong, mistaken; unsuitable, adjective)
    • IPA(key): /saˈlaʔ/ [sɐˈlaʔ] (wrong, mistaken, adjective)
  • Syllabification: sa‧la

Noun edit

sala or salà (Baybayin spelling ᜐᜎ)

  1. fault; guilt; blame
    Synonyms: kasalanan, bisala
  2. error; mistake
    Synonyms: mali, kamalian, pagkamali, bisala
  3. sin; offense
    Synonyms: kasalanan, pagkakasala
  4. miss; failure to hit a target
    Synonyms: mintis, pagmintis
Derived terms edit
See also edit

Adjective edit

sala (Baybayin spelling ᜐᜎ)

  1. wrong; mistaken
    Synonyms: mali, lisya
  2. off the mark
    Synonyms: mintis, nagmintis, lihis, lumihis
  3. unsuitable; bad for; contrary to (as of some food)

Adjective edit

salâ (Baybayin spelling ᜐᜎ)

  1. wrong; mistaken
    Synonyms: mali, lisya, di-tama

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Spanish sala (room).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

sala (Baybayin spelling ᜐᜎ)

  1. living room; reception room; parlor
Alternative forms edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

  • (Standard Tagalog)
    • IPA(key): /ˈsalaʔ/ [ˈsa.lɐʔ] (filtering; irrigation dam, noun)
    • IPA(key): /saˈlaʔ/ [sɐˈlaʔ] (filtered, sifted, adjective)
  • Syllabification: sa‧la

Noun edit

salà (Baybayin spelling ᜐᜎ)

  1. filtering; straining
    Synonyms: pagsala, pagsasala
  2. irrigation dam
Derived terms edit

Adjective edit

salâ (Baybayin spelling ᜐᜎ)

  1. filtered; sifted (of water or liquid)

Etymology 4 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

salá (Baybayin spelling ᜐᜎ)

  1. act of interweaving bamboo slats (especially for the railing of a batalan)
    Synonym: pagsasala
  2. railing made of bamboo slats; lattice; trellis
    Synonym: sala-sala
Derived terms edit

Adjective edit

salá (Baybayin spelling ᜐᜎ)

  1. interwoven (of bamboo slats, etc.)
    Synonyms: sala-sala, lala-lala

Etymology 5 edit

Inherited from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *salaq. Compare Javanese ꦱꦭꦃꦲꦸꦫꦠ꧀ (salah urat).

Pronunciation edit

  • (Standard Tagalog)
    • IPA(key): /ˈsalaʔ/ [ˈsa.lɐʔ] (physical defect, noun)
    • IPA(key): /saˈlaʔ/ [sɐˈlaʔ] (broken; dislocated, adjective)
  • Syllabification: sa‧la

Noun edit

salà (Baybayin spelling ᜐᜎ)

  1. physical defect (such as a broken bone, sprain, or bone dislocation)

Adjective edit

salâ (Baybayin spelling ᜐᜎ)

  1. broken or dislocated (of one's bones)
    Synonyms: bali, (dislocated) linsad

Etymology 6 edit

Borrowed from Arabic صَلَاة (ṣalāh). Compare Maranao salat, Tausug salat, Indonesian salat, and Malay solat.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

salá (Baybayin spelling ᜐᜎ) (Islam)

  1. salat (Islamic prayer)
Alternative forms edit
Derived terms edit
See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Blust, Robert, Trussel, Stephen (2010–) “*salaq₁”, in The Austronesian Comparative Dictionary
  2. ^ Potet, Jean-Paul G. (2013) Arabic and Persian Loanwords in Tagalog, Lulu Press, →ISBN, pages 148-149

Further reading edit

Ternate edit

Etymology edit

From Malay salah.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

sala

  1. fault, mistake

Verb edit

sala

  1. (stative) to be at fault
  2. (stative) to be wrong, incorrect

Conjugation edit

Conjugation of sala
Singular Plural
Inclusive Exclusive
1st tosala fosala misala
2nd nosala nisala
3rd Masculine osala isala, yosala
Feminine mosala
Neuter isala
- archaic

References edit

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Tetum edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *salaq, compare Malay salah.

Noun edit

sala

  1. fault, mistake

Verb edit

sala

  1. to err

Tswana edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *-tígada, the extensive form of Proto-Bantu *-tíga.

Verb edit

sala

  1. to remain

Venda edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *-tígada, derived from Proto-Bantu *-tíga.

Verb edit

sala

  1. to remain

Xhosa edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *-tígada, derived from Proto-Bantu *-tíga.

Verb edit

-sála

  1. (intransitive) to stay

Conjugation edit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Zulu edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *-tígada, the extensive form of Proto-Bantu *-tíga.

Verb edit

-sála

  1. (intransitive) to remain, stay behind, be left over

Conjugation edit

Tone H
Infinitive ukusala
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukusala ukungasali
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular sala -sale
Plural salani -saleni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyasala, ngisala engisalayo, engisala ngisala angisali engingasali ngingasali
2nd singular uyasala, usala osalayo, osala usala awusali ongasali ungasali
1st plural siyasala, sisala esisalayo, esisala sisala asisali esingasali singasali
2nd plural niyasala, nisala enisalayo, enisala nisala anisali eningasali ningasali
Class 1 uyasala, usala osalayo, osala esala akasali ongasali engasali
Class 2 bayasala, basala abasalayo, abasala besala abasali abangasali bengasali
Class 3 uyasala, usala osalayo, osala usala awusali ongasali ungasali
Class 4 iyasala, isala esalayo, esala isala ayisali engasali ingasali
Class 5 liyasala, lisala elisalayo, elisala lisala alisali elingasali lingasali
Class 6 ayasala, asala asalayo, asala esala awasali angasali engasali
Class 7 siyasala, sisala esisalayo, esisala sisala asisali esingasali singasali
Class 8 ziyasala, zisala ezisalayo, ezisala zisala azisali ezingasali zingasali
Class 9 iyasala, isala esalayo, esala isala ayisali engasali ingasali
Class 10 ziyasala, zisala ezisalayo, ezisala zisala azisali ezingasali zingasali
Class 11 luyasala, lusala olusalayo, olusala lusala alusali olungasali lungasali
Class 14 buyasala, busala obusalayo, obusala busala abusali obungasali bungasali
Class 15 kuyasala, kusala okusalayo, okusala kusala akusali okungasali kungasali
Class 17 kuyasala, kusala okusalayo, okusala kusala akusali okungasali kungasali
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngisalile, ngisalē engisalile, engisalē ngisalile, ngisalē angisalanga engingasalanga ngingasalanga
2nd singular usalile, usalē osalile, osalē usalile, usalē awusalanga ongasalanga ungasalanga
1st plural sisalile, sisalē esisalile, esisalē sisalile, sisalē asisalanga esingasalanga singasalanga
2nd plural nisalile, nisalē enisalile, enisalē nisalile, nisalē anisalanga eningasalanga ningasalanga
Class 1 usalile, usalē osalile, osalē esalile, esalē akasalanga ongasalanga engasalanga
Class 2 basalile, basalē abasalile, abasalē besalile, besalē abasalanga abangasalanga bengasalanga
Class 3 usalile, usalē osalile, osalē usalile, usalē awusalanga ongasalanga ungasalanga
Class 4 isalile, isalē esalile, esalē isalile, isalē ayisalanga engasalanga ingasalanga
Class 5 lisalile, lisalē elisalile, elisalē lisalile, lisalē alisalanga elingasalanga lingasalanga
Class 6 asalile, asalē asalile, asalē esalile, esalē awasalanga angasalanga engasalanga
Class 7 sisalile, sisalē esisalile, esisalē sisalile, sisalē asisalanga esingasalanga singasalanga
Class 8 zisalile, zisalē ezisalile, ezisalē zisalile, zisalē azisalanga ezingasalanga zingasalanga
Class 9 isalile, isalē esalile, esalē isalile, isalē ayisalanga engasalanga ingasalanga
Class 10 zisalile, zisalē ezisalile, ezisalē zisalile, zisalē azisalanga ezingasalanga zingasalanga
Class 11 lusalile, lusalē olusalile, olusalē lusalile, lusalē alusalanga olungasalanga lungasalanga
Class 14 busalile, busalē obusalile, obusalē busalile, busalē abusalanga obungasalanga bungasalanga
Class 15 kusalile, kusalē okusalile, okusalē kusalile, kusalē akusalanga okungasalanga kungasalanga
Class 17 kusalile, kusalē okusalile, okusalē kusalile, kusalē akusalanga okungasalanga kungasalanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāsala engāsala ngāsala angisalanga engingasalanga ngingasalanga
2nd singular wāsala owāsala wāsala awusalanga ongasalanga ungasalanga
1st plural sāsala esāsala sāsala asisalanga esingasalanga singasalanga
2nd plural nāsala enāsala nāsala anisalanga eningasalanga ningasalanga
Class 1 wāsala owāsala āsala akasalanga ongasalanga engasalanga
Class 2 bāsala abāsala bāsala abasalanga abangasalanga bengasalanga
Class 3 wāsala owāsala wāsala awusalanga ongasalanga ungasalanga
Class 4 yāsala eyāsala yāsala ayisalanga engasalanga ingasalanga
Class 5 lāsala elāsala lāsala alisalanga elingasalanga lingasalanga
Class 6 āsala āsala āsala awasalanga angasalanga engasalanga
Class 7 sāsala esāsala sāsala asisalanga esingasalanga singasalanga
Class 8 zāsala ezāsala zāsala azisalanga ezingasalanga zingasalanga
Class 9 yāsala eyāsala yāsala ayisalanga engasalanga ingasalanga
Class 10 zāsala ezāsala zāsala azisalanga ezingasalanga zingasalanga
Class 11 lwāsala olwāsala lwāsala alusalanga olungasalanga lungasalanga
Class 14 bāsala obāsala bāsala abusalanga obungasalanga bungasalanga
Class 15 kwāsala okwāsala kwāsala akusalanga okungasalanga kungasalanga
Class 17 kwāsala okwāsala kwāsala akusalanga okungasalanga kungasalanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingasala ngingasala ngingesale ngingesale
2nd singular ungasala ungasala ungesale ungesale
1st plural singasala singasala singesale singesale
2nd plural ningasala ningasala ningesale ningesale
Class 1 angasala engasala angesale engesale
Class 2 bangasala bengasala bangesale bengesale
Class 3 ungasala ungasala ungesale ungesale
Class 4 ingasala ingasala ingesale ingesale
Class 5 lingasala lingasala lingesale lingesale
Class 6 angasala engasala angesale engesale
Class 7 singasala singasala singesale singesale
Class 8 zingasala zingasala zingesale zingesale
Class 9 ingasala ingasala ingesale ingesale
Class 10 zingasala zingasala zingesale zingesale
Class 11 lungasala lungasala lungesale lungesale
Class 14 bungasala bungasala bungesale bungesale
Class 15 kungasala kungasala kungesale kungesale
Class 17 kungasala kungasala kungesale kungesale
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizosala engizosala ngizosala angizusala engingezusala ngingezusala
2nd singular uzosala ozosala uzosala awuzusala ongezusala ungezusala
1st plural sizosala esizosala sizosala asizusala esingezusala singezusala
2nd plural nizosala enizosala nizosala anizusala eningezusala ningezusala
Class 1 uzosala ozosala ezosala akazusala ongezusala engezusala
Class 2 bazosala abazosala bezosala abazusala abangezusala bengezusala
Class 3 uzosala ozosala uzosala awuzusala ongezusala ungezusala
Class 4 izosala ezosala izosala ayizusala engezusala ingezusala
Class 5 lizosala elizosala lizosala alizusala elingezusala lingezusala
Class 6 azosala azosala ezosala awazusala angezusala engezusala
Class 7 sizosala esizosala sizosala asizusala esingezusala singezusala
Class 8 zizosala ezizosala zizosala azizusala ezingezusala zingezusala
Class 9 izosala ezosala izosala ayizusala engezusala ingezusala
Class 10 zizosala ezizosala zizosala azizusala ezingezusala zingezusala
Class 11 luzosala oluzosala luzosala aluzusala olungezusala lungezusala
Class 14 buzosala obuzosala buzosala abuzusala obungezusala bungezusala
Class 15 kuzosala okuzosala kuzosala akuzusala okungezusala kungezusala
Class 17 kuzosala okuzosala kuzosala akuzusala okungezusala kungezusala
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyosala engiyosala ngiyosala angiyusala engingeyusala ngingeyusala
2nd singular uyosala oyosala uyosala awuyusala ongeyusala ungeyusala
1st plural siyosala esiyosala siyosala asiyusala esingeyusala singeyusala
2nd plural niyosala eniyosala niyosala aniyusala eningeyusala ningeyusala
Class 1 uyosala oyosala eyosala akayusala ongeyusala engeyusala
Class 2 bayosala abayosala beyosala abayusala abangeyusala bengeyusala
Class 3 uyosala oyosala uyosala awuyusala ongeyusala ungeyusala
Class 4 iyosala eyosala iyosala ayiyusala engeyusala ingeyusala
Class 5 liyosala eliyosala liyosala aliyusala elingeyusala lingeyusala
Class 6 ayosala ayosala eyosala awayusala angeyusala engeyusala
Class 7 siyosala esiyosala siyosala asiyusala esingeyusala singeyusala
Class 8 ziyosala eziyosala ziyosala aziyusala ezingeyusala zingeyusala
Class 9 iyosala eyosala iyosala ayiyusala engeyusala ingeyusala
Class 10 ziyosala eziyosala ziyosala aziyusala ezingeyusala zingeyusala
Class 11 luyosala oluyosala luyosala aluyusala olungeyusala lungeyusala
Class 14 buyosala obuyosala buyosala abuyusala obungeyusala bungeyusala
Class 15 kuyosala okuyosala kuyosala akuyusala okungeyusala kungeyusala
Class 17 kuyosala okuyosala kuyosala akuyusala okungeyusala kungeyusala
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngisale ngingasali
2nd singular usale ungasali
1st plural sisale singasali
2nd plural nisale ningasali
Class 1 asale angasali
Class 2 basale bangasali
Class 3 usale ungasali
Class 4 isale ingasali
Class 5 lisale lingasali
Class 6 asale angasali
Class 7 sisale singasali
Class 8 zisale zingasali
Class 9 isale ingasali
Class 10 zisale zingasali
Class 11 lusale lungasali
Class 14 busale bungasali
Class 15 kusale kungasali
Class 17 kusale kungasali
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngasala ngangasala, angasala, angangasala
2nd singular wasala wangasala, awasala, awangasala
1st plural sasala sangasala, asasala, asangasala
2nd plural nasala nangasala, anasala, anangasala
Class 1 wasala wangasala, akasala, akangasala
Class 2 basala bangasala, abasala, abangasala
Class 3 wasala wangasala, awasala, awangasala
Class 4 yasala yangasala, ayasala, ayangasala
Class 5 lasala langasala, alasala, alangasala
Class 6 asala angasala, awasala, awangasala
Class 7 sasala sangasala, asasala, asangasala
Class 8 zasala zangasala, azasala, azangasala
Class 9 yasala yangasala, ayasala, ayangasala
Class 10 zasala zangasala, azasala, azangasala
Class 11 lwasala lwangasala, alwasala, alwangasala
Class 14 basala bangasala, abasala, abangasala
Class 15 kwasala kwangasala, akwasala, akwangasala
Class 17 kwasala kwangasala, akwasala, akwangasala

Related terms edit

References edit