From Latin synthesis, from Ancient Greek σύνθεσις (súnthesis, “a putting together; composition”), from συντίθημι (suntíthēmi, “put together, combine”), from συν- (sun-, “together”) + τίθημι (títhēmi, “set, place”).
- The formation of something complex or coherent by combining simpler things.
- (chemistry) The reaction of elements or compounds to form more complex compounds.
- (logic) A deduction from the general to the particular.
- (philosophy) The combination of thesis and antithesis.
- (military) In intelligence usage, the examining and combining of processed information with other information and intelligence for final interpretation.
- (rhetoric) An apt arrangement of elements of a text, especially for euphony.
- (grammar) The uniting of ideas into a sentence.
- (medicine) The reunion of parts that have been divided.
- Arndt-Eistert synthesis
- asymmetric synthesis
- Auwers synthesis
- Fischer indole synthesis
- Friedländer synthesis
- Gabriel synthesis
- one-pot synthesis
- Paal-Knorr synthesis
- prebiotic organic synthesis
- stereospecific synthesis
- synthesis gas
- synthesis gases
- synthesis phase
- total synthesis
- wave field synthesis
- Wenker synthesis
- Wöhler synthesis
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- synthesis in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
- synthesis in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
- (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈsyn.tʰe.sis/, [ˈs̠ʏn̪.t̪ʰɛ.s̠ɪs̠]
- (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈsin.te.sis/, [ˈsin̪.t̪ɛ.zis]
- A collection or reunion of many objects of analogous nature.
- mixture, compound (medicine)
- suit (of clothes); costume
- dinner service
Third-declension noun (Greek-type, i-stem, i-stem).
1Found sometimes in Medieval and New Latin.
- synthesis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- synthesis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
- synthesis in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
- synthesis in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
Being a word borrowed from English derived from Greek, the y in synthesis is pronounced /ɨ̞, ɪ/ rather than expected /ə/. To preserve consistency between pronunciation and spelling, some prefer to spell this word sunthesis. Nevertheless, synthesis is the more common spelling of the two. See pyramid/puramid, symbol/sumbol, system/sustem for similar examples.
synthesis m (plural synthesisau, not mutable)
- R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present) , “synthesis”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies