synthesis

See also: Synthesis

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Latin synthesis, from Ancient Greek σύνθεσις (súnthesis, a putting together; composition), from συντίθημι (suntíthēmi, put together, combine), from συν- (sun-, together) + τίθημι (títhēmi, set, place).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsɪnθəsɪs/
  • Hyphenation: syn‧the‧sis

NounEdit

synthesis (countable and uncountable, plural syntheses)

  1. The formation of something complex or coherent by combining simpler things.
  2. (chemistry) The reaction of elements or compounds to form more complex compounds.
  3. (logic) A deduction from the general to the particular.
  4. (philosophy) The combination of thesis and antithesis.
  5. (military) In intelligence usage, the examining and combining of processed information with other information and intelligence for final interpretation.
  6. (rhetoric) An apt arrangement of elements of a text, especially for euphony.
  7. (grammar) The uniting of ideas into a sentence.
  8. (medicine) The reunion of parts that have been divided.

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Further readingEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek σύνθεσις (súnthesis, a putting together; composition), from συντίθημι (suntíthēmi, put together, combine), from σύν (sún, together) + τίθημι (títhēmi, set, place).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

synthesis f (genitive synthesis or syntheseōs or synthesios); third declension

  1. A collection or reunion of many objects of analogous nature.
  2. mixture, compound (medicine)
  3. suit (of clothes); costume
  4. dinner service

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun (Greek-type, i-stem, i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative synthesis synthesēs
syntheseis
Genitive synthesis
syntheseōs
synthesios
synthesium
Dative synthesī synthesibus
Accusative synthesim
synthesin
synthesem1
synthesēs
synthesīs
Ablative synthesī
synthese1
synthesibus
Vocative synthesis
synthesi
synthesēs
syntheseis

1Found sometimes in Medieval and New Latin.

DescendantsEdit

  • French: synthèse

ReferencesEdit


WelshEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English sythesis, from Latin synthesis, from Ancient Greek σύνθεσις (súnthesis, a putting together; composition).

PronunciationEdit

Usage notesEdit

Being a word borrowed from English derived from Greek, the y in synthesis is pronounced /ɨ̞, ɪ/ rather than expected /ə/. To preserve consistency between pronunciation and spelling, some prefer to spell this word sunthesis. Nevertheless, synthesis is the more common spelling of the two. See pyramid/puramid, symbol/sumbol, system/sustem for similar examples.

NounEdit

synthesis m (plural synthesisau)

  1. synthesis

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-), “synthesis”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies