EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Late Middle English thesis (lowering of the voice)[1] and also borrowed directly from its etymon Latin thesis (proposition, thesis; lowering of the voice), from Ancient Greek θέσῐς (thésis, arrangement, placement, setting; conclusion, position, thesis; lowering of the voice), from τῐ́θημῐ (títhēmi, to place, put, set; to put down in writing; to consider as, regard)[2][3] (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁- (to do; to place, put)) + -σῐς (-sis, suffix forming abstract nouns or nouns of action, process, or result) The English word is a doublet of deed.

Sense 1.1 (“proposition or statement supported by arguments”) is adopted from antithesis.[2] Sense 1.4 (“initial stage of reasoning”) was first used by the German philosopher Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762–1814), and later applied to the dialectical method of his countryman, the philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831).

The plural form theses is borrowed from Latin thesēs, from Ancient Greek θέσεις (théseis).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

thesis (plural theses)

  1. Senses relating to logic, rhetoric, etc.
    1. (rhetoric) A proposition or statement supported by arguments.
    2. (by extension) A lengthy essay written to establish the validity of a thesis (sense 1.1), especially one submitted as a requirement for a university degree; a dissertation.
    3. (logic) An affirmation, or distinction from a supposition or hypothesis.
    4. (philosophy) In the dialectical method of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel: the initial stage of reasoning where a formal statement of a point is developed; this is followed by antithesis and synthesis.
  2. Senses relating to music and prosody.
    1. (music, prosody, originally) The action of lowering the hand or bringing down the foot when indicating a rhythm; hence, an accented part of a measure of music or verse indicated by this action; an ictus, a stress.
      Antonym: arsis
    2. (music, prosody, with a reversal of meaning) A depression of the voice when pronouncing a syllables of a word; hence, the unstressed part of the metrical foot of a verse upon which such a depression falls, or an unaccented musical note.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ thē̆sis, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
  2. 2.0 2.1 thesis, n.”, in OED Online  , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 1912.
  3. ^ thesis, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin thesis, from Ancient Greek θέσις (thésis, a proposition, a statement, a thing laid down, thesis in rhetoric, thesis in prosody).

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: the‧sis

NounEdit

thesis f (plural theses or thesissen, diminutive thesisje n)

  1. Dated form of these.
    Synonyms: dissertatie, proefschrift

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek θέσις (thésis, a proposition, a statement, a thing laid down, thesis in rhetoric, thesis in prosody).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

thesis f (genitive thesis); third declension

  1. thesis

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun (i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative thesis thesēs
Genitive thesis thesium
Dative thesī thesibus
Accusative thesem thesēs
thesīs
Ablative these thesibus
Vocative thesis thesēs

DescendantsEdit

  • Catalan: tesi
  • Dutch: thesis
  • French: thèse
  • Galician: tese
  • Italian: tesi
  • Middle English: thesis
  • Portuguese: tese
  • Spanish: tesis

ReferencesEdit

  • thesis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • thesis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette