From Middle English wedden, weddien, from Old English weddian (“to pledge; wed”), from Proto-West Germanic *waddjōn, from Proto-Germanic *wadjōną (“to pledge”), from *wadją (“pledge”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *wedʰ- (“to pledge”).
Cognate with Scots wed, wod, wad (“to wed”), Saterland Frisian wädje (“to bet, wager”), West Frisian wedzje (“to bet, wager”), Low German and Dutch wedden (“to bet”), German wetten (“to bet”), Danish vædde (“to bet”), Swedish vädja (“to appeal”), Icelandic veðja (“to bet”); more distantly, to Sanskrit वधू (vadhū́, “bride”). Related also to gage, engage, and wage.
wed (third-person singular simple present weds, present participle wedding, simple past and past participle wed or wedded)
- (transitive) To perform the marriage ceremony for; to join in matrimony.
- The priest wed the couple.
- 1667, John Milton, “Book VIII”, in Paradise Lost. […], London: […] [Samuel Simmons], […], →OCLC; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, →OCLC:
- And Adam, wedded to another Eve,
Shall live with her.
- (transitive) To take as one's spouse.
- She wed her first love.
- 2017 September 27, David Browne, "Hugh Hefner, 'Playboy' Founder, Dead at 91," Rolling Stone
- In 1989, he wed Playmate Kimberley Conrad, a marriage that ended in 2010. In 2013, he married his younger girlfriend, Crystal Harris, with whom he was still wed at the time of his death.
- (intransitive) To take a spouse.
- (reciprocal) To take each other as a spouse.
- They will wed in the summer.
- 1886 October – 1887 January, H[enry] Rider Haggard, She: A History of Adventure, London: Longmans, Green, and Co., published 1887, →OCLC:
- On the rock above was an inscription in three words. Ayesha translated it. It was `Wedded in Death.' What was the life-story of these two, who, of a truth, were beautiful in their lives, and in their death were not divided?
- (figuratively, transitive) To join or commit to, more or less permanently, as if in marriage.
- I'm not wedded to this proposal; suggest an alternative.
- c. 1591–1595 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Romeo and Ivliet”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act III, scene iii]:
- Affliction is enamoured of thy parts, and thou art wedded to calamity.
- 1663, John Tillotson, The Wisdom of being Religious:
- Men are wedded to their lusts.
- 1962 April, “Death from Natural Causes?”, in Modern Railways, page 218:
- It will be a tragedy if further enterprises of this kind—for example, the one proposed between South Wales, Bristol and the South Coast via Salisbury—are now deferred until they, too, are realised too late to make an impact on a public that is too firmly wedded to the roads to be wooed back to the trains.
- 2008, Bradley Simpson, Economists with Guns, page 72:
- […] the PPS paper proposed a political doctrine that wedded modernization theory to U.S. support for national security states […]
- (figurative, intransitive) To take to oneself and support; to espouse.
- 1702–1704, Edward [Hyde, 1st] Earl of Clarendon, “(please specify |book=I to XVI)”, in The History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in England, Begun in the Year 1641. […], Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed at the Theater, published 1707, →OCLC:
- They positively and concernedly wedded his cause.
- (Northern England, Scotland) To wager, stake, bet, place a bet, make a wager.
- I'd wed my head on that.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
From Middle Dutch wedde, from a byform of Proto-Germanic *wadą, whence wad. Closely related with Middle High German wete, wettin f (“drinking place, shallow pond”). The Dutch appears to require a neuter *wadją (though feminine use is also attested), the High German a feminine īn-stem *wadį̄.
wed n (plural wedden, diminutive wedje n)
- ford, shallow river crossing
- drinking place for animals
- (ford): voorde