See also: were-, we're, and wɛrɛ

English edit

 
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Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English were, weren, from Old English wǣre, wǣron, wǣren, from Proto-Germanic *wēz-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wes-. More at was.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

stressed

unstressed

Verb edit

were

  1. second-person singular simple past indicative of be
    John, you were the only person to see him.
  2. first/second/third-person plural simple past indicative of be
    We were about to leave.
    Mary and John, you were right.
    They were a fine group.
    They were to be the best of friends from that day on.
  3. first/second/third-person singular/plural simple present/past subjunctive of be
    I wish that it were Sunday.
    I wish that I were with you.
    • with “if” omitted, put first in an “if” clause:
      Were it simply that she wore a hat, I would not be upset at all. (= If it were simply...)
      Were father a king, we would have war. (= If father were a king,...)
    • 2011 November 3, David Ornstein, “Macc Tel-Aviv 1 - 2 Stoke”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      Maccabi would have been out of contention were it not for Stoke's profligacy, but their fortune eventually ran out as the visitors opened the scoring.
  4. (MLE, Northern England) first/third-person singular simple past indicative of be.
Synonyms edit
  • (second-person singular past indicative, archaic) wast (used with “thou)
  • (second-person singular imperfect subjunctive, archaic) wert (used with “thou)

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle English were, wer, see wer.

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Noun edit

were (plural weres)

  1. Alternative form of wer (man; wergeld)
    • 1799-1805, Sharon Turner, History of the Anglo-Saxons
      Every man was valued at a certain sum, which was called his were.
    • 1867, John Lingard, T. Young, Introduction to English History [...] arranged [...] by T. Young, page 19:
      If by that he failed to pay or give security for the were, or fine, at which murder was legally rated; he might be put to death by the relatives of the murdered man.
    • 1908, Frederic Jesup Stimson, The Law of the Federal and State Constitutions of the United States, page 13:
      Written statutes busied themselves only with the amount of the were, or fine, or (for the first century after the Conquest) with the method of procedure.
    • 2004, James Fitzjames Stephen, A General View of the Criminal Law of England, →ISBN, pages 12–13:
      The consequence of conviction was, the payment to the person injured, of a were, or penalty, proportioned to the offencel but though this was the ordinary course, the recovery of the were was not the only object of the proceedings. "The were," says Reeve, "in cases of homicide, and the fines that were paid in cases of theft of various kinds, were only to redeem the offender from the proper punishment of the law, which was death, and that was reddemable, not only by paying money, but by undergoing some personal pains; hence it is that we hear a great variety of corporal punishments..."...

Etymology 3 edit

Back-formation from werewolf and other terms in were-, from the same source as English wer, were (man) (above).

Noun edit

were (plural weres)

  1. (fandom slang) The collective name for any kind of person that changes into another form under certain conditions, including the werewolf.

Anagrams edit

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

were

  1. (dated or formal) singular present subjunctive of weren

Anagrams edit

Fijian edit

Noun edit

were

  1. garden

Verb edit

were (wereca)

  1. to garden, to weed (wereca specifically)

Irarutu edit

 
were

Etymology edit

From Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *waiʀ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *wahiʀ.

Noun edit

were

  1. water (clear liquid H₂O)

Further reading edit

Maku'a edit

Noun edit

were

  1. water

References edit

  • Aone van Engelenhoven, The position of Makuva among the Austronesian languages of Southwest Maluku and East Timor, in Austronesian historical linguistics and culture history: a festschrift, Pacific linguistics 601 (2009)

Middle English edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old English wǣre (second-person singular indicative and subjunctive past of wesan).

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈwɛːr(ə)/, /ˈwɛr(ə)/

Verb edit

were

  1. inflection of been:
    1. second-person singular indicative past
    2. singular subjunctive past
Descendants edit
  • English: were (dialectal war, ware)
  • Scots: war, waar, ware, waur, wur, wir
  • Yola: war, ware

Etymology 2 edit

From weren.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

were (uncountable)

  1. wearing
Descendants edit
References edit

Etymology 3 edit

From a conflation of Old English wǣron and Old English wǣren.

Verb edit

were

  1. Alternative form of weren

Etymology 4 edit

From Old English werre, wyrre.

Noun edit

were

  1. Alternative form of werre

Mwani edit

Noun edit

were class 5 (plural mawere)

  1. breast

Northern Kurdish edit

Verb edit

were

  1. second-person singular imperative of hatin

Onin edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *waiʀ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *wahiʀ.

Noun edit

were

  1. water (clear liquid H₂O)

Tocharian B edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun edit

were ?

  1. smell, scent, odor

Toro edit

Noun edit

were

  1. day

References edit

Uruangnirin edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *waiʀ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *wahiʀ.

Noun edit

were

  1. water (clear liquid H₂O)

Yola edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English were.

Noun edit

were

  1. wearing

Related terms edit

References edit

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 77

Yoruba edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

wèrè

  1. insanity, madness, imbecile
  2. (sometimes derogatory, offensive) mad person
    Synonyms: ayírí, asínwín, aṣiwèrè

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Nigerian Pidgin: werey