See also: Mad, MAD, and mäd

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English mad, madde, madd, medd, from Old English ġemǣdd, ġemǣded (enraged), past participle of ġemǣdan, *mǣdan (to make insane or foolish), from Proto-Germanic *maidijaną (to change; damage; cripple; injure; make mad), from Proto-Germanic *maidaz ("weak; crippled"; compare Old English gemād (silly, mad), Old High German gimeit (foolish, crazy), Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐌼𐌰𐌹𐌸𐍃 (gamaiþs, crippled)), from Proto-Indo-European *mey- ("to change"; compare Old Irish máel (bald, dull), Old Lithuanian ap-maitinti (to wound), Sanskrit मेथति (méthati, he hurts, comes to blows)).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈmæd/
  • (Southern England, Australia) IPA(key): /ˈmæːd/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æd

AdjectiveEdit

mad (comparative madder, superlative maddest)

  1. Insane; crazy, mentally deranged.
    You want to spend $1000 on a pair of shoes? Are you mad?
    He's got this mad idea that he's irresistible to women.
  2. (chiefly US; informal in UK) Angry, annoyed.
    Are you mad at me?
  3. (Britain, informal) Bizarre; incredible.
    It's mad that I got that job back a day after being fired.
  4. Wildly confused or excited.
    to be mad with terror, lust, or hatred
  5. Extremely foolish or unwise; irrational; imprudent.
  6. (colloquial, usually with for or about) Extremely enthusiastic about; crazy about; infatuated with; overcome with desire for.
    Aren't you just mad for that red dress?
  7. (of animals) Abnormally ferocious or furious; or, rabid, affected with rabies.
    a mad dog
  8. (slang, chiefly Northeastern US) Intensifier, signifies an abundance or high quality of a thing; very, much or many.
    I gotta give you mad props for scoring us those tickets.   Their lead guitarist has mad skills.   There are always mad girls at those parties.
  9. (of a compass needle) Having impaired polarity.

Usage notesEdit

Within Commonwealth countries other than Canada, mad typically implies the insane or crazy sense more so than the angry sense.

In the United States and Canada, the word mad far more often than not refers to anger rather than madness, but such usage is still considered informal by some speakers and labeled as such even in North American English by most UK dictionaries. This is due to an old campaign (since 1781 by amateur language pundits) to discredit the angry sense of the word that was more effective in the UK than in North America. Though not as old as the sense denoting insanity, the sense relating to anger is certainly very old (going back at least to the fourteenth century).[1]

On the other hand, if one is described as "went mad" or having "gone mad" in North America, this denotes insanity, and not anger. Meanwhile, if one "is mad at" something or has "been mad about" something, it is understood that they are angered rather than insane. In addition, such derivatives as "madness", "madman", "madhouse" and "madly" always denote insanity, irrespective of whether one is in the Commonwealth or in North America.

SynonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NotesEdit

AdverbEdit

mad (not comparable)

  1. (slang, New England, New York and Britain, dialect) Intensifier; to a large degree; extremely; exceedingly; very; unbelievably.
    He was driving mad slow.
    It's mad hot today.
    He seems mad keen on her.

SynonymsEdit

VerbEdit

mad (third-person singular simple present mads, present participle madding, simple past and past participle madded)

  1. (obsolete, intransitive) To be or become mad. [14th-19th c.]
    • 1852, Washington Irving, Tales from the Alhambra:
      The imperial Elizabetta gazed with surprise at the youthful and unpretending appearance of the little being that had set the world madding.
  2. (now colloquial US) To madden, to anger, to frustrate. [from 15th c.]

Derived termsEdit

Terms derived from mad (all parts of speech)

AnagramsEdit


BretonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Brythonic *mad, from Proto-Celtic *matis.

AdjectiveEdit

mad

  1. good

NounEdit

mad

  1. goodness

DanishEdit

 
Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse matr, from Proto-Germanic *matiz, cognate with Norwegian, Swedish mat (food), English meat, German Mett (from Low German).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mad c (singular definite maden, not used in plural form)

  1. food
InflectionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Noun 2Edit

mad c (singular definite madden, plural indefinite madder)

  1. a slice of bread with something on top.
Usage notesEdit

Very compound-prone; see for example ostemad or pølsemad.

InflectionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /maːˀð/, [ˈmaˀð]

VerbEdit

mad

  1. imperative of made

Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English ġemǣdd, ġemǣded, the past participle of ġemǣdan.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

mad (plural and weak singular madde, comparative madder, superlative maddyst)

  1. Mad, insane, deranged; not of sound mind.
  2. Emotionally overwhelmed; consumed by mood or feelings.
  3. Perplexed, bewildered; surprised emotionally.
  4. Irate, rageful; having much anger or fury.
  5. Idiotic or dumb; badly thought out or conceived
  6. (rare) Obstinate, incautious, overenthusiastic.
  7. (rare) Distraught, sad, unhappy.
  8. (rare) Scatterbrained or absent-minded.
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • English: mad
  • Scots: mad
ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Derived from the adjective.

VerbEdit

mad

  1. Alternative form of madden

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

mad

  1. past participle of make

Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Univerbation of (if) +‎ ba/bid

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

mad

  1. if it be; if it were (third-person singular present/past subjunctive)
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 10d23
      Mad ar lóg pridcha-sa, .i. ar m’étiuth et mo thoschith, ním·bia fochricc dar hési mo precepte.
      If it be for pay that I preach (subj.), that is, for my clothing and my sustenance, I shall not have a reward for my teaching.
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 12c36
      Cote mo thorbe-se dúib mad [a]mne labrar?
      What do I profit you pl (lit. ‘what is my profit to you’) if it be thus that I speak (subj.)?

PalauanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Pre-Palauan *maða, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *mata, from Proto-Austronesian *maCa.

NounEdit

mad

  1. (anatomy) eye (organ), face, facial expression
  2. front; area, space or time in front of
    Medal a blik.In front of my house.
    El mo er a medad.In the future[1].
  3. aperture, access, entrance

InflectionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Pre-Palauan *maðe, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(m-)atay, from Proto-Austronesian *(m-)aCay.

VerbEdit

mad

  1. to die

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Literally, what extends beyond (in the direction of) our face.

ReferencesEdit

  • mad in Palauan Language Online: Palauan-English Dictionary, at tekinged.com.
  • mad in Palauan-English Dictionary, at trussel2.com.
  • mad in Lewis S. Josephs; Edwin G. McManus; Masa-aki Emesiochel (1977) Palauan-English Dictionary, University Press of Hawaii, →ISBN, page 139.

WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Brythonic *mad, from Proto-Celtic *matis.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

mad (feminine singular mad, plural mad, equative mated, comparative matach, superlative mataf)

  1. good
  2. lucky, fortunate
  3. suitable

NounEdit

mad m (plural madioedd)

  1. goodness
  2. good person

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
mad fad unchanged unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.