Last modified on 24 November 2014, at 12:34
See also: , , , and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
主-bw.png
Japanese stroke order
主-jbw.png
Stroke order
主-order.gif

Han characterEdit

(radical 3 +4, 5 strokes, cangjie input 卜土 (YG), four-corner 00104, composition)

  1. master, chief owner
  2. host
  3. lord

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 80, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 100
  • Dae Jaweon: page 163, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 44, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E3B

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

主 主 主
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形) : A picture of a lamp or a torch with a flame at the top.

Original form of . Current meaning acquired by sound loan.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (主), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 章 (23)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 之庾切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕɨoX/ /t͡ɕi̯uX/ /t͡ɕioX/ /t͡ɕioX/ /cuə̆X/ /t͡ɕĭuX/ /t͡ɕioX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhǔ ‹ tsyuX › /*toʔ/ master; host

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17618 0 /*tjoʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. owner, master
  2. host
  3. god, lord
  4. emperor
  5. main, primary
    主要
  6. to be in charge of
  7. to indicate, to signify

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Adjectival nounEdit

(-na inflection, hiragana おも, romaji omo)

  1. chief, main, principal, foremost

InflectionEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana しゅ, romaji shu)

  1. head of the family
  2. master, mistress
  3. one's husband
  4. proprietor, landlord

SynonymsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ぬし, romaji nushi)

  1. master
  2. owner, proprietor
  3. guardian spirit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ju)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ju, McCune-Reischauer: chu)
  • Name (hangeul): 임금, 주인 (revised: imgeum, juin, McCune-Reischauer: imgǔm, chuin)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(chúa, chủ, chuá)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit