See also: , , , and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
主-bw.png
Japanese stroke order
主-jbw.png
Stroke order
主-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

主 主 主
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形) : A picture of a lamp or a torch with a flame at the top.

Original form of . Current meaning acquired by sound loan.

ReferencesEdit

  • "主 etymology" (in Mandarin/English), YellowBridge. URL accessed on 2014-02-18.

Han characterEdit

(radical 3 +4, 5 strokes, cangjie input 卜土 (YG), four-corner 00104, composition)

  1. master, chief owner
  2. host
  3. lord

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 80, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 100
  • Dae Jaweon: page 163, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 44, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E3B

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Yale jyu2)


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Adjectival nounEdit

(-na inflection, hiragana おも, romaji omo)

  1. chief, main, principal, foremost

InflectionEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana しゅ, romaji shu)

  1. head of the family
  2. master, mistress
  3. one's husband
  4. proprietor, landlord

SynonymsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ぬし, romaji nushi)

  1. master
  2. owner, proprietor
  3. guardian spirit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ju)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ju, McCune-Reischauer: chu)
  • Name (hangeul): [[임금, 주인]] (revised: imgeum, juin, McCune-Reischauer: imgǔm, chuin)

ReferencesEdit


MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin (li2), zhǔ (zhu3), Wade-Giles li2, chu3)

NounEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin zhǔ)

  1. host
  2. owner, master
  3. god, lord

AdjectiveEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin zhǔ)

  1. main, primary
    主要

VerbEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin zhǔ)

  1. to indicate, to signify

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-02-19.

Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*jiǒ)


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(chúa, chủ, chuá)

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Last modified on 8 April 2014, at 05:47