MaquiritariEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

ö-

  1. Marks a noun as having a second-person possessor.
  2. Marks a postposition as having a second-person object.
  3. Marks a transitive verb as having a second-person patient/object when the agent/subject is of third person with verb forms that take series I markers.
  4. Marks a transitive verb as having a second-person patient/object when the agent/subject is unspecified with verb forms that take series II markers.
  5. Marks an intransitive verb with patient-like argument as having a second-person argument/subject with verb forms that take series I markers and on all intransitive verbs with verb forms that take series II markers.
  6. Marks a verb form derived with n- and -dü or -'jüdü as having a second-person agent/subject.
Usage notesEdit

The form taken by this prefix depends on the first syllable of the stem it attaches to:

  • ö- if the first syllable begins with a consonant and its vowel is i, ö, or ü.
  • öy- if the first syllable begins with a vowel i, ö, or ü. (No possessible nouns fall into this category; those that would have ö ablaut to e.)
  • o- if the first syllable begins with a consonant and its vowel is o or u.
  • oy- if the first syllable begins with a vowel o or u.
  • a- if the first syllable begins with a consonant and its vowel is a or e.
  • ay- if the first syllable begins with a vowel a or e.
InflectionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

ö-

  1. allomorph of öt- (detransitivizing prefix).

ReferencesEdit

  • Cáceres, Natalia (2011), “ö-”, in Grammaire Fonctionnelle-Typologique du Ye’kwana, Lyon, page 169–171, 188–189