English edit

Noun edit

o-

  1. A blood type that has no antigens. It lacks the A, B and Rh factors on the blood cells. It is the universal donor for blood and can give blood to any blood type, but can only receive O- blood.

Prefix edit

o-

  1. (organic chemistry) ortho-

See also edit

Basque edit

Alternative forms edit

Prefix edit

o-

  1. Combining form of ogi (bread)

Usage notes edit

  • If the following element of the compound starts with /b/ or /ɡ/, these are devoiced to /p/ and /k/ respectively.
  • If the following element starts with a vowel, /s̺/ or /s̻/, the combining form ot- is used instead.

Bavarian edit

Alternative forms edit

  • å- (East Central Bavarian)

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *ana, from Proto-Germanic *ana. Compare German an-, Dutch aan-, English on-.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /oː/ (West Central Bavaria)

Prefix edit

o-

  1. Separable verb prefix that indicates a direction, goal, destination and a contact made therein.
    o- + ‎schraufn (to screw) → ‎oschraufn (to screw on)
    o- + ‎greifn (to grab, seize) → ‎ogreifn (to touch, handle)
    o- + ‎brenna (to burn) → ‎obrenna (to scorch)

Derived terms edit

Cayuga edit

Prefix edit

o-

  1. noun prefix

References edit

Frances Froman; Alfred J. Keye; Lottie Keye; Carrie Dyck (2002) English-Cayuga/Cayuga-English Dictionary, University of Toronto, page 705

Czech edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *o(b), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ebʰi. See o.

Prefix edit

o-

  1. around, all around
  2. a complete action, a perfective verb
  3. something else

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • o-/ob(e)- in Slovník afixů užívaných v češtině, 2017

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

o-

  1. Rōmaji transcription of

Lakota edit

Prefix edit

o-

  1. Forms nouns from some verbs.
    o- + ‎wótA (to eat) → ‎owóte (dining room)
    o- + ‎yuŋkÁ (to lie, recline) → ‎oyúŋke (a bed)

Mohawk edit

Etymology edit

io- with loss of initial glide

Prefix edit

o-

  1. noun prefix
  2. her (in kinship terms)

Northern Ndebele edit

Etymology 1 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix edit

o-

  1. Second-person singular relative concord.

Etymology 2 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix edit

o-

  1. Class 1 relative concord.

Etymology 3 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix edit

o-

  1. Class 3 relative concord.

Ojibwe edit

Prefix edit

o-

  1. A prefix denoting the third person

Usage notes edit

o- is the unmarked form, and appears before stems that begin with a consonant. It may be omitted in many contexts.

Alternative forms edit

See also edit

Preverb edit

o-

  1. go somewhere to do something, go over there to
    Mii go imaa ziigigamideg, mii imaa o-gondaabiiginag zhingobaandag.
    If it boiled over, I dipped the bough in the kettle.

Alternative forms edit

References edit

Old Polish edit

Etymology edit

Proto-Slavic *o(b), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ebʰi.

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

o-

  1. appears in front of some verbs meaning: to make something behave in a certain way, en-, be-, make
    o- + ‎pozdny → ‎opóździć
  2. around
    o- + ‎kropić → ‎okropić
  3. prefix indicating a perfective verb
    o- + ‎soczyć → ‎osoczyć

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Polish: o-

Onondaga edit

Prefix edit

o-

  1. noun prefix

References edit

  • Hanni Woodbury (2018) A Reference Grammar of the Onondaga Language, University of Toronto, page 284

Polish edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Polish o, from Proto-Slavic *o(b), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ebʰi. See o. Doublet of ob-.

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

o-

  1. prefix indicating a perfective verb
    o- + ‎słabnąć → ‎osłabnąć
  2. affects verb meaning in various ways
    o- + ‎strzec → ‎ostrzec
  3. appears in front of some verbs meaning: to make something behave in a certain way, en-, be-, make
    Synonym: u-
    o- + ‎trzeźwy → ‎otrzeźwić
  4. around
    Synonym: ob-
    o- + ‎winąć → ‎owinąć
  5. down
    Synonym: z-
    o- + ‎suwać → ‎osuwać
    o- + ‎puścić → ‎opuścić

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • o- in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Seneca edit

Prefix edit

o-

  1. noun prefix

References edit

  • Wallace Chafe (2014) A Grammar of the Seneca Language, University of California Press, page 86

Slovene edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *o(b)-. Prefixed form of the preposition o.

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

o-

  1. Forms perfective verbs with the following meanings:
    1. (no change in meaning)
      o- + ‎čístiti (to clean) → ‎očístiti (to clean)
    2. around, past, avoiding
      o- + ‎čŕtati (to draw) → ‎očŕtati (to outline)
      o- + ‎īti (to go) → ‎obíti (to go around, to bypass)
    3. to stay, to remain
      o- + ‎sedẹ́ti (to sit) → ‎obsedẹ́ti (to stay sitting)

Derived terms edit

Southern Ndebele edit

Etymology 1 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix edit

o-

  1. Second-person singular relative concord.

Etymology 2 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix edit

o-

  1. Class 1 relative concord.

Etymology 3 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix edit

o-

  1. Class 3 relative concord.

Swedish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Swedish ō-, from Old Norse ú-, ó-, from Proto-Germanic *un-, from the Proto-Indo-European *n̥- whence also Greek α- (a-) and English un-.

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

o-

  1. Added to adjectives to yield their opposites; un-
  2. Added to nouns to mean lack or being without

Derived terms edit

Taos edit

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

o-

  1. (transitive) First person singular subject + third person duoplural object.
  2. (transitive) Second person singular subject + third person singular object.

Ternate edit

Etymology edit

Cognate with Tehit w- (third-person singular masculine prefix).

Pronoun edit

o- (Jawiؤ-⁩)

  1. (masculine) third-person singular clitic, he

See also edit

References edit

  • Frederik Sigismund Alexander de Clercq (1890) Bijdragen tot de kennis der Residentie Ternate, E.J. Brill
  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Tooro edit

Alternative forms edit

  • (before -a- or -e- in the subjunctive mood) w-
  • (before vowels in other cases) oy-

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

o-

  1. you; 2nd person singular subject concord
    o- + ‎-kora (to do) → ‎okora (you do)

See also edit

References edit

  • Kaji, Shigeki (2007) A Rutooro Vocabulary[1] (in English), Tokyo: Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA), →ISBN, page 413

Volapük edit

Prefix edit

o-

  1. denotes future tense in verbs and adverbs
    o- + ‎penob (I write.) → ‎openob (I will write.)
    o- + ‎adelo (today) → ‎odelo (tomorrow)

Welsh edit

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

o-

  1. Soft mutation of go-.

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
go- o- ngo- unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Xhosa edit

Etymology 1 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix edit

o-

  1. Second-person singular relative concord.

Etymology 2 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix edit

o-

  1. Class 1 relative concord.

Etymology 3 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix edit

o-

  1. Class 3 relative concord.

Ye'kwana edit

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

o-

  1. allomorph of öt- (detransitivizing prefix).
  2. Allomorph of ö- (second-person prefix) used for stems that begin with a consonant and have a first vowel o or u.

Inflection edit

Zulu edit

Etymology 1 edit

From a- (relative) +‎ u- (second person singular).

Prefix edit

ṓ-

  1. Second-person singular relative concord.

Etymology 2 edit

From a- (relative) +‎ u- (class 1).

Prefix edit

ṓ-

  1. Class 1 relative concord.

Etymology 3 edit

From a- (augment) +‎ bo- (class 2a).

Prefix edit

ô-

  1. Class 2a noun prefix.

Etymology 4 edit

From a- (relative) +‎ u- (class 3).

Prefix edit

ṓ-

  1. Class 3 relative concord.

References edit