EnglishEdit

NounEdit

o-

  1. A blood type that has no antigens. It lacks the A, B and Rh factors on the blood cells. It is the universal donor for blood and can give blood to any blood type, but can only receive O- blood.

PrefixEdit

o-

  1. (organic chemistry) ortho-

See alsoEdit


BasqueEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PrefixEdit

o-

  1. combining form of ogi (bread)

Usage notesEdit

  • If the following element of the compound starts with /b/ or /ɡ/, these are devoiced to /p/ and /k/ respectively.
  • If the following element starts with a vowel, /s̺/ or /s̻/, the combining form ot- is used instead.

CayugaEdit

PrefixEdit

o-

  1. noun prefix

ReferencesEdit

Frances Froman; Alfred J. Keye; Lottie Keye; Carrie Dyck (2002) English-Cayuga/Cayuga-English Dictionary, University of Toronto, page 705


CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *o(b), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ebʰi. See o.

PrefixEdit

o-

  1. around, all around
  2. A complete action, a perfective verb
  3. Something else.

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • o-/ob(e)- in Slovník afixů užívaných v češtině, 2017

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

o-

  1. Rōmaji transcription of

LakotaEdit

PrefixEdit

o-

  1. Forms nouns from some verbs.
    o- + ‎wótA (to eat) → ‎owóte (dining room)
    o- + ‎yuŋkÁ (to lie, recline) → ‎oyúŋke (a bed)

MaquiritariEdit

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

o-

  1. allomorph of öt- (detransitivizing prefix).
  2. Allomorph of ö- (second-person prefix) used for stems that begin with a consonant and have a first vowel o or u.

InflectionEdit


MohawkEdit

EtymologyEdit

io- with loss of initial glide

PrefixEdit

o-

  1. noun prefix
  2. her (in kinship terms)

Northern NdebeleEdit

Etymology 1Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PrefixEdit

o-

  1. Second-person singular relative concord.

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PrefixEdit

o-

  1. Class 1 relative concord.

Etymology 3Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PrefixEdit

o-

  1. Class 3 relative concord.

OjibweEdit

PrefixEdit

o-

  1. A prefix denoting the third person

Usage notesEdit

o- is the unmarked form, and appears before stems that begin with a consonant. It may be omitted in many contexts.

Alternative formsEdit

See alsoEdit

PreverbEdit

o-

  1. go somewhere to do something, go over there to
    Mii go imaa ziigigamideg, mii imaa o-gondaabiiginag zhingobaandag.
    If it boiled over, I dipped the bough in the kettle.

Alternative formsEdit

ReferencesEdit


OnondagaEdit

PrefixEdit

o-

  1. noun prefix

ReferencesEdit

  • Hanni Woodbury (2018) A Reference Grammar of the Onondaga Language, University of Toronto, page 284

PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *o(b), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ebʰi. See o.

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

o-

  1. Prefix indicating a perfective verb
    o- + ‎słabnąć → ‎osłabnąć
  2. Affects verb meaning in various ways
    o- + ‎strzec → ‎ostrzec
  3. Appears in front of some verbs meaning: to make something behave in a certain way, en-, be-, make
    o- + ‎trzeźwy → ‎otrzeźwić
    Synonym: u-
  4. around
    o- + ‎winąć → ‎owinąć
    Synonym: ob-
  5. down
    o- + ‎suwać → ‎osuwać
    o- + ‎puścić → ‎opuścić
    Synonym: z-

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • o- in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • o- in Polish dictionaries at PWN

SenecaEdit

PrefixEdit

o-

  1. noun prefix

ReferencesEdit

  • Wallace Chafe (2014) A Grammar of the Seneca Language, University of California Press, page 86

SloveneEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *o(b)-. Prefixed form of the preposition o.

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

o-

  1. Forms perfective verbs with the following meanings:
    1. (no change in meaning)
      o- + ‎čístiti (to clean) → ‎očístiti (to clean)
    2. around, past, avoiding
      o- + ‎čŕtati (to draw) → ‎očŕtati (to outline)
      o- + ‎īti (to go) → ‎obíti (to go around, to bypass)
    3. to stay, to remain
      o- + ‎sedẹ́ti (to sit) → ‎obsedẹ́ti (to stay sitting)

Derived termsEdit


Southern NdebeleEdit

Etymology 1Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PrefixEdit

o-

  1. Second-person singular relative concord.

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PrefixEdit

o-

  1. Class 1 relative concord.

Etymology 3Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PrefixEdit

o-

  1. Class 3 relative concord.

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Swedish ō-, from Old Norse ú-, ó-, from Proto-Germanic *un-, from the Proto-Indo-European *n̥- whence also Greek α- (a-) and English un-.

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

o-

  1. Added to adjectives to yield their opposites; un-
  2. Added to nouns to mean lack or being without

Derived termsEdit


TaosEdit

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

o-

  1. (transitive) First person singular subject + third person duoplural object.
  2. (transitive) Second person singular subject + third person singular object.

TernateEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Tehit w- (third-person singular masculine prefix).

PronounEdit

o- (Jawi ؤ-‎)

  1. (masculine) third-person singular clitic, he

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Frederik Sigismund Alexander de Clercq (1890) Bijdragen tot de kennis der Residentie Ternate, E.J. Brill
  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

VolapükEdit

PrefixEdit

o-

  1. denotes future tense in verbs and adverbs
    o- + ‎penob (I write.) → ‎openob (I will write.)
    o- + ‎adelo (today) → ‎odelo (tomorrow)

WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

o-

  1. Soft mutation of go-.

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
go- o- ngo- unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

XhosaEdit

Etymology 1Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PrefixEdit

o-

  1. Second-person singular relative concord.

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PrefixEdit

o-

  1. Class 1 relative concord.

Etymology 3Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PrefixEdit

o-

  1. Class 3 relative concord.

ZuluEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From a- (relative) +‎ u- (second person singular).

PrefixEdit

ṓ-

  1. Second-person singular relative concord.

Etymology 2Edit

From a- (relative) +‎ u- (class 1).

PrefixEdit

ṓ-

  1. Class 1 relative concord.

Etymology 3Edit

From a- (augment) +‎ bo- (class 2a).

PrefixEdit

ô-

  1. Class 2a noun prefix.

Etymology 4Edit

From a- (relative) +‎ u- (class 3).

PrefixEdit

ṓ-

  1. Class 3 relative concord.

ReferencesEdit