MaquiritariEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (allomorph before a consonant) ∅-

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

w-

  1. Obligatorily marks derivations of intransitive verbs adverbialized with -e or nominalized with any marker.
Usage notesEdit

This prefix is unrealized (disappears) when the stem it is attached to begins with a consonant. When it is used in the third person, the third-person marker y- itself is unrealized, but it palatalizes this suffix w- to y- and lengthens the vowel after it if possible, so that w- appears to disappear (as it becomes indistinguishable from the pre-vocalic form of the third-person marker y- that palatalized it).

This prefix comes between the person marker and the verb stem.

Etymology 2Edit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (allomorph before a consonant) wi-

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

w-

  1. Marks a transitive verb as having a first-person agent/subject when the patient/object is of third person.
  2. Marks an intransitive verb with agent-like argument or (with certain vowel-initial verbs) patient-like argument as having a first-person argument/subject with verb forms that take series I markers.
Usage notesEdit

The form w- is used with stems that start with a vowel; wi- is used with those that start with a consonant, in which case the initial consonant is also palatalized. In practice, since all intransitive verbs to which this prefix can attach start with a vowel, wi- only appears on certain transitive verbs.

InflectionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Cáceres, Natalia (2011), “w-”, in Grammaire Fonctionnelle-Typologique du Ye’kwana, Lyon, page 152, 179–180, 200–202

OjibweEdit

PrefixEdit

w-

  1. Alternative form of o-

Usage notesEdit

w- appears before stems that begin with ii.

See alsoEdit


PolishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /f/
  • (file)
  • Syllabification: w
  • Homophone: w

PrefixEdit

w-

  1. Indicates motion inside or inward
    w- + ‎rzucić → ‎wrzucić
  2. Indicates motion upward
    w- + ‎stać → ‎wstać
    Synonyms: pod-, wz-

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • w- in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • w- in Polish dictionaries at PWN

SwahiliEdit

PrefixEdit

w-

  1. Alternative form of u-