See also: them

Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse þeim. Compare hem (them).


  • IPA(key): /θɛi̯m/, /ðɛi̯m/, (originally unstressed) /ðɛm/[1][2]


þem (nominative þei)

  1. Third-person plural accusative pronoun: them[3]
  2. (reflexive) themselves
  • English: them, thame
  • Scots: thaim, them
See alsoEdit
  1. ^ Brink, Daniel (1992), “Variation between <þ-> and <t-> in the Ormulum”, in Irmengard Rauch, Gerald F. Carr and Robert L. Kyes, editors, On Germanic Linguistics: Issues and Methods (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs; 68), De Gruyter Mouton, →DOI, →ISBN, pages 21-35.
  2. ^ Thurber, Beverly A. (15 February 2011), “Voicing of Initial Interdental Fricatives in Early Middle English Function Words”, in Journal of Germanic Linguistics, volume 23, issue 1, Cambridge University Press, →DOI, pages 65-81.
  3. ^ theim, pron.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Etymology 2Edit



  1. (Southwest) Alternative form of þan (the, that, this)

Etymology 3Edit


þem (plural þemes)

  1. Alternative form of teme (family, tribe)

Etymology 4Edit


þem (third-person singular simple present þemeþ, present participle þemende, first-/third-person singular past indicative and past participle þemed)

  1. Alternative form of temen (to produce offspring)