Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also: hères and here's





  1. plural of here



Alternative formsEdit


From Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeh₁ro- (derelict). Cognate with Ancient Greek χήρα (khḗra, widow)



hērēs c (genitive hērēdis); third declension

  1. heir, heiress


Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative hērēs hērēdēs
genitive hērēdis hērēdum
dative hērēdī hērēdibus
accusative hērēdem hērēdēs
ablative hērēde hērēdibus
vocative hērēs hērēdēs

Derived termsEdit


  • Aragonese: hereu
  • Catalan: hereu
  • French, Old: eir
    • → Middle English: heir
    • French: hoir
    • → Middle Irish: eigre (see there for further descendants)


  • heres in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • heres in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “heres”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • heres in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to appoint some one as heir in one's will: aliquem heredem testamento scribere, facere
    • to be some one's heir: heredem esse alicui
    • sole heir; heir to three-quarters of the estate: heres ex asse, ex dodrante
    • heir to two-thirds of the property: heres ex besse
  • heres in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • heres in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill