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Alternative formsEdit


  • (Stressed) enPR: thĕm, IPA(key): /ðɛm/
    • (Stressed) (New York City) IPA(key): [d̪ɛm]
  • (file)
  • (Unstressed) enPR: thəm, IPA(key): /ðəm/
    • (Unstressed) (New York City) IPA(key): [d̪ʌm]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛm
  • Rhymes: -əm


From Middle English þem, from Old Norse þeim.


them (personal pronoun, objective case)

  1. Objective case of they: third personal plural pronoun used after a preposition or as the object of a verb.
    Give it to them. (after preposition)
    She wrote them a letter. (indirect object)
    She treated them for a cold. (direct object)
  2. Objective case of they: third-person singular pronoun used after a preposition or as the object of a verb.
    If someone comes and asks for the ticket, just give it to them. (after preposition)
    If one of my patients calls, please bring them their dinner. (indirect object)
    If a student has an inappropriate question, whatever you do, do not berate them. (direct object)
    • 1611, King James Bible, Deuteronomy 17.2–5:
      If there be found among you, within any of thy gates which the LORD thy God giveth thee, man or woman, that hath wrought wickedness in the sight of the LORD thy God, [] [t]hen shalt thou bring forth that man or that woman, which have committed that wicked thing, unto thy gates, even that man or that woman, and shalt stone them with stones, till they die.
    • 2006, St. John Ambulance, First on the Scene: Student Reference Guide, →ISBN, Lesson 2, page 3:
      Place the casualty on their back with feet and legs raised—this is called the shock position. [emphasis in original] Once the casualty is positioned, cover them to preserve body heat, but do not overheat.
    • 2007, Rowling, J. K., Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, (quoted edition: London: Bloomsbury, 2008, →ISBN, page 270):
      Someone in the crowd around the lifts called sycophantically, ‘Morning, Yaxley!’ Yaxley ignored them.

Usage notesEdit

  • Regarding the use of singular them, see they.

Related termsEdit


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See alsoEdit



  1. (dialectal) Those.
    • 2005, Elmer Kelton, Sons of Texas, Tor/Forge (2005), page 111:
      " [] Them two wild horses ain't fit to ride, and I been wonderin' how I was goin' to get you out of this place before them Spanish maybe circle back and finish the job."
    • For more examples of usage of this term, see Citations:them.
    Them kids need to grow up.



Alternative formsEdit


From Proto-Albanian *ϑēm-, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱeh₁(n)s- (to say, instruct, announce). Cognate with Sanskrit शास्ति (śā́sti, to instruct, advise, command), and Latin cēnseō (I give an opinion, I judge, guess, reckon)



them (first-person singular past tense thashë, participle thënë)

  1. I say


Derived termsEdit

Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit



  1. Alternative form of teme (folk)

Etymology 2Edit



  1. Alternative form of þem




them m (plural thema)

  1. country