See also: پان‎, ثان‎, يان, and یان

ArabicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From the root ب ي ن(b-y-n).

VerbEdit

بَانَ (bāna) I, non-past يَبِينُ‎‎ (yabīnu)

  1. to separate, to become distinct, to sunder
  2. to be or become evident, to come out, to be or become clearly visible by way of separation
ConjugationEdit

VerbEdit

بَانَ (bāna) I, non-past يَبِينُ‎‎ (yabīnu)

  1. (intransitive, construed with مِن(min)) to part, to become separated (from)
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Derived from the active participle of بَنَى(banā, to build, to erect, to construct), from the root ب ن ي(b-n-y).

NounEdit

بَانٍ (bāninm (construct state بَانِي(bānī), dual بَانِيَانِ(bāniyāni), plural بَانُونَ(bānūna) or بُنَاة(bunāh), feminine بَانِيَة(bāniya))

  1. builder
DeclensionEdit
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

 
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From ب و ن(b-w-n), as also بَنَان(banān, finger), a reference to the fruit or branch shape, known for their elegance in Arabic poetry.

NounEdit

بَان (bānm (collective, singulative بَانَة‎ f (bāna))

  1. ben tree, horseradish tree (the Moringa oleifera of Arabia and India, which produces oil of ben)
    • a. 1283, Abū Yahyā Zakariyāʾ ibn Muhammad al-Qazwīnīy, Ferdinand Wüstenfeld, editor, عجائب المخلوقات وغرائب الموجودات [ʿajāʾib al-maḵlūqāt wa-ḡarāʾib al-mawjūdāt][1], Göttingen: Verlag der Dieterichschen Buchhandlung, published 1849, page 249:
      بان شجرة معروفة لها ثمرة حبّها أكبر من الحمص مائل إلى البياض طيب الرائحة وله لبّ دهني قال الشيخ الرئيس إنه ينفع من البرص والكلف والبهق وآثار القروح وينفع من الثآليل أيضا في المراهم وطبخه ينفع من وجع الأسنان مضمضة وقال غيره ينفع من الجرب ويقطع الرعاف.‎‎
      The ben is a well-known tree with a fruit the grains of which are larger than chickpeas with a tendency towards white and a nice smell and an oily pulp about which Šayḵ ar-Raʾīs says that it helps against leprosy and melasmata and vitiligo and traces of ulcers and it helps against warts, too, and the salves and decocts applied by bandage are useful against toothache, and another author said it relives scabies and staunches nosebleed.
  2. Egyptian willow (Salix aegyptiaca L.)
DeclensionEdit
 
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Etymology 4Edit

From Ottoman Turkish بان(ban), from Proto-Slavic *banъ.

NounEdit

بَان (bānm

  1. ban, a title in the Southeastern Europe
DeclensionEdit

Ottoman TurkishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *banъ.

NounEdit

بان (ban)

  1. ban (title)
DescendantsEdit
  • Turkish: ban
  • Arabic: بَان(bān)

Etymology 2Edit

From Persian بان(bân).

NounEdit

بان (-ban)

  1. (in compounds) keeper, tender, ward

Etymology 3Edit

From Arabic بَان(bān).

NounEdit

بان (ban)

  1. ben tree, horseradish tree (the Moringa oleifera of Arabia and India, which produces oil of ben)
  2. Egyptian willow (Salix aegyptiaca L.)
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

From earlier باك‎, باڭ(bañ), from Persian بنگ(bang, henbane).

NounEdit

بان (ban)

  1. henbane (Hyoscyamus gen. et spp.)
DescendantsEdit

PersianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Persian [script needed] (pʾn' /-bān/, -keeper, -guard), ultimately derived from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂- (to protect). Related to پاییدن(pâyidan). Also compare Old Armenian -պան (-pan).

NounEdit

بان (bân)

  1. prince, lord, governor, chief

SuffixEdit

Dari Persian بان
Iranian Persian
Tajik -бон (-bon)

بان (-bân)

  1. keeper, guardian

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *wes- (to clothe, wear, put on). Compare Avestan 𐬬𐬀𐬢𐬵𐬀𐬥𐬀(vaŋhana), 𐬬𐬀𐬢𐬵𐬁𐬥𐬀(vaŋhāna, cover).

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

بان (bân)

  1. roof

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Borrowed from Hindi बाण (bāṇ, arrow), from Sanskrit बाण (bāṇa).

NounEdit

بان (bân)

  1. (obsolete) arrow
    Synonym: تیر(tir)

Etymology 4Edit

NounEdit

بان (bân)

  1. Alternative form of بانگ(bâng, voice)

ReferencesEdit

  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1892), “بان”, in A Comprehensive Persian–English dictionary, London: Routledge & K. Paul
  • Nourai, Ali (2011) An Etymological Dictionary of Persian, English and other Indo-European Languages, page 349
  • Nourai, Ali (2011) An Etymological Dictionary of Persian, English and other Indo-European Languages, page 521



South Levantine ArabicEdit

Root
ب ي ن

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic بَانَ(bāna).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

بان (bān) (form I, present ببان(bibān), subjunctive يبان(ybān))

  1. to appear (mainly used in proverbs)

ConjugationEdit

    Conjugation of بان (bān)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m بنت(bint) بنت(bint) بان (bān) بننا(binna) بنتو(bintu) بانو(bānu)
f بنتي(binti) بانت(bānat)
present m ببان(babān) بتبان(bitbān) ببان(bibān) منبان(minbān) بتبانو(bitbānu) ببانو(bibānu)
f بتباني(bitbāni) بتبان(bitbān)
subjunctive m ابان(abān) تبان(tbān) يبان(ybān) نبان(nbān) تبانو(tbānu) يبانو(ybānu)
f تباني(tbāni) تبان(tbān)
imperative m بان (bān) بانو(bānu)
f باني(bāni)

See alsoEdit