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EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English bannen, from Old English bannan (to summon, command, proclaim, call out), from Proto-Germanic *bannaną (curse, forbid), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₂- (to say). Cognate with Dutch bannen (to ban, exile, discard), German bannen (to exile, to exorcise, captivate, excommunicate), Swedish banna (to ban, scold), Armenian բան (ban) and perhaps Albanian banoj (to reside, dwell). See also banal, abandon.

VerbEdit

ban (third-person singular simple present bans, present participle banning, simple past and past participle banned)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To summon; to call out.
  2. (transitive) To anathematize; to pronounce an ecclesiastical curse upon; to place under a ban.
  3. (transitive) To curse; to execrate.
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Sir Walter Scott to this entry?)
  4. (transitive) To prohibit; to interdict; to proscribe; to forbid or block from participation.
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Byron to this entry?)
    • 2011 December 14, Steven Morris, “Devon woman jailed for 168 days for killing kitten in microwave”, in Guardian:
      Jailing her on Wednesday, magistrate Liz Clyne told Robins: "You have shown little remorse either for the death of the kitten or the trauma to your former friend Sarah Knutton." She was also banned from keeping animals for 10 years.
    • 2013 August 10, “A new prescription”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8848:
      No sooner has a [synthetic] drug been blacklisted than chemists adjust their recipe and start churning out a subtly different one. These “legal highs” are sold for the few months it takes the authorities to identify and ban them, and then the cycle begins again.
    Bare feet are banned in this establishment.
  5. (transitive) To curse; to utter curses or maledictions.

Derived termsEdit

SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

ban (plural bans)

  1. prohibition
    • Milton
      under ban to touch
  2. A public proclamation or edict; a summons by public proclamation. Chiefly, in early use, a summons to arms.
    Bans is common and ordinary amongst the Feudists, and signifies a proclamation, or any public notice.
  3. The gathering of the (French) king's vassals for war; the whole body of vassals so assembled, or liable to be summoned; originally, the same as arrière-ban: in the 16th c., French usage created a distinction between ban and arrière-ban, for which see the latter word.
    He has sent abroad to assemble his ban and arriere ban.
    The Ban and the Arrierban are met armed in the field to choose a king.
    France was at such a Pinch..that they call'd their Ban and Arriere Ban, the assembling whereof had been long discussed, and in a manner antiquated.
    The ban was sometimes convoked, that is, the possessors of the fiefs were called upon for military services.
    The act of calling together the vassals in armed array, was entitled ‘convoking the ban.
  4. (obsolete) A curse or anathema.
    • Shakespeare
      Hecate's ban
  5. A pecuniary mulct or penalty laid upon a delinquent for offending against a ban, such as a mulct paid to a bishop by one guilty of sacrilege or other crimes.
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowing from Romanian ban of uncertain origin, perhaps from Serbo-Croatian bân.

NounEdit

ban (plural bani)

  1. A subdivision of currency, equal to one hundredth of a Romanian leu
  2. A subdivision of currency, equal to one hundredth of a Moldovan leu
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Banburismus; coined by Alan Turing.

NounEdit

ban (plural bans)

  1. A unit measuring information or entropy based on base-ten logarithms, rather than the base-two logarithms that define the bit.
Derived termsEdit
SynonymsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 4Edit

From South Slavic ban (compare Serbo-Croatian bȃn), from Proto-Slavic *banъ; see there for more.

NounEdit

ban (plural bans)

  1. A title used in several states in central and south-eastern Europe between the 7th century and the 20th century.
TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

NounEdit

ban m (plural bannen)

  1. excommunication, denunciation
  2. anathema which is cast upon one who is excommunicated
  3. magic spell
  4. (archaic) exile

VerbEdit

ban

  1. first-person singular present indicative of bannen
  2. imperative of bannen

Etymology 2Edit

Likely borrowed from the English noun ban and verb banning.

NounEdit

ban m (plural bans)

  1. a revocation of permission to access or participate
    Synonyms: toegangsverbod
    De forumgebruiker die zich heeft misdragen heeft een ban gekregen.
    The forum user that misbehaved has been given a ban.

VerbEdit

ban

  1. to revoke permission to access or participate
    Synonyms: eruit trappen, eruit gooien, de toegang verbieden
    De spammende gebruikers zullen we bannen.
    We will ban the spamming users.

Usage notesEdit

Mostly common within internet communities. Although a ban never needs to be paid for, ban may be used with gratis (gratis ban) similar to English free ban to express gratitude for giving the ban.

Ik heb die klootzak een gratis ban gegeven.
I gave that asshole a free ban.

FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old French [Term?], from Frankish *ban.

NounEdit

ban m (plural bans)

  1. (dated) public declaration
  2. (dated) announcement of a marriage
  3. (East of France, Belgium) territory
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Serbo-Croatian bȃn. See English ban.

NounEdit

ban m (plural bans)

  1. ban (nobleman)

Further readingEdit


Haitian CreoleEdit

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

VerbEdit

ban

  1. give

SynonymsEdit


IberianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

ban

  1. A particle interpreted as the numeral 'one' by Eduardo Orduña and Joan Ferrer, and compared to Basque bat (one).

Further readingEdit

  • Eduardo Orduña [Aznar], Los numerales ibéricos y el protovasco
  • Joan Ferrer i Jané, El sistema de numerales ibérico: avances en su conocimiento

IndonesianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Dutch band (band, connection, tire/tyre).

NounEdit

ban

  1. tyre / tire

IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ban f pl

  1. genitive plural of bean

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
ban bhan mban
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

ban

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ばん
  2. Rōmaji transcription of バン

KurdishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ban ?

  1. roof

LojbanEdit

RafsiEdit

ban

  1. rafsi of bangu.

MaguindanaoEdit

NounEdit

ban

  1. sneeze

MandarinEdit

RomanizationEdit

ban

  1. Nonstandard spelling of bān.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of bǎn.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of bàn.

Usage notesEdit

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

MapudungunEdit

NounEdit

ban (using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. death

VerbEdit

ban (using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. To die.
  2. First-person singular realis mood form of ban; I died; I have died.

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Wixaleyiñ: Mapucezugun-wigkazugun pici hemvlcijka (Wixaleyiñ: Small Mapudungun-Spanish dictionary), Beretta, Marta; Cañumil, Dario; Cañumil, Tulio, 2008.

Norwegian BokmålEdit

VerbEdit

ban

  1. imperative of bane (Etymology 3)

O'odhamEdit

NounEdit

ban (plural ba꞉ban)

  1. coyote

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *bainą. Cognate with Old Frisian bēn (West Frisian bien), Old Saxon bēn (Low German been, bein), Dutch been (bone, leg), Old High German bein (German Bein (leg)), Old Norse bein (Icelandic bein (bone)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bān n (nominative plural bān)

  1. bone

DescendantsEdit


Old IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

ban

  1. first-person plural imperative of is

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

ban m anim

  1. ban (a subdivision of currency)
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from English ban.

NounEdit

ban m anim

  1. ban (on the Internet)
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Borrowed from Serbo-Croatian ban, from Turkish bajan.

NounEdit

ban m pers

  1. ban (title)
DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • ban in Polish dictionaries at PWN

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unknown.

NounEdit

ban m (plural bani)

  1. money; coin

Usage notesEdit

Usually used in the plural form, bani

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Late Proto-Slavic *banъ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bȃn m (Cyrillic spelling ба̑н)

  1. ban (title)

DeclensionEdit


VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ban ()

  1. time


VolapükEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French bain.

NounEdit

ban (plural bans)

  1. bath

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Brythonic *bann, from Proto-Celtic *bandā.

NounEdit

ban m (plural {{{2}}})

  1. peak

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
ban fan man unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ZazakiEdit

NounEdit

ban

  1. dome, cupola