EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English bannen (to summon; to bannish; to curse), partly from Old English bannan (to summon, command, proclaim, call out) and partly from Old Norse banna (to prohibit; to curse), both from Proto-Germanic *bannaną (to proclaim, to order; to summon; to ban; to curse, forbid), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰh₂-new-ti ~ bʰh₂-n̥w-énti, innovative nasal-infixed zero-grade athematic present of *bʰeh₂- (to say).

Cognate with Dutch bannen (to ban, exile, discard), German bannen (to exile, to exorcise, captivate, excommunicate), Swedish banna (to ban, scold), Vedic Sanskrit भनति (bhánati), Armenian բան (ban) and perhaps Albanian banoj (to reside, dwell). See also banal, abandon.

VerbEdit

ban (third-person singular simple present bans, present participle banning, simple past and past participle banned)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To summon; to call out.
  2. (transitive) To anathematize; to pronounce an ecclesiastical curse upon; to place under a ban.
  3. (transitive) To curse; to execrate.
  4. (transitive) To prohibit; to interdict; to proscribe; to forbid or block from participation.
    • 1816, Lord Byron, The Prisoner of Chillon
      To whom the goodly earth and air Are banned
    • 2011 December 14, Steven Morris, “Devon woman jailed for 168 days for killing kitten in microwave”, in Guardian:
      Jailing her on Wednesday, magistrate Liz Clyne told Robins: "You have shown little remorse either for the death of the kitten or the trauma to your former friend Sarah Knutton." She was also banned from keeping animals for 10 years.
    • 2013 August 10, “A new prescription”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8848:
      No sooner has a [synthetic] drug been blacklisted than chemists adjust their recipe and start churning out a subtly different one. These “legal highs” are sold for the few months it takes the authorities to identify and ban them, and then the cycle begins again.
    Bare feet are banned in this establishment.
  5. (transitive, intransitive) To curse; to utter curses or maledictions.
    • {RQ:Scott Waverley|passage=:“I seldom ban, sir,” said he to the man; “but if you play any of your hound's-foot tricks, and leave puir Berwick before he's sorted, to rin after spuilzie, deil be wi' me if I do not give your craig a thraw”
SynonymsEdit
The terms below need to be checked and allocated to the definitions (senses) of the headword above. Each term should appear in the sense for which it is appropriate. For synonyms and antonyms you may use the templates {{syn|en|...}} or {{ant|en|...}}.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

ban (plural bans)

  1. Prohibition.
  2. A public proclamation or edict; a summons by public proclamation. Chiefly, in early use, a summons to arms.
    Bans is common and ordinary amongst the Feudists, and signifies a proclamation, or any public notice.
  3. The gathering of the (French) king's vassals for war; the whole body of vassals so assembled, or liable to be summoned; originally, the same as arrière-ban: in the 16th c., French usage created a distinction between ban and arrière-ban, for which see the latter word.
    He has sent abroad to assemble his ban and arriere ban.
    The Ban and the Arrierban are met armed in the field to choose a king.
    France was at such a Pinch..that they call'd their Ban and Arriere Ban, the assembling whereof had been long discussed, and in a manner antiquated.
    The ban was sometimes convoked, that is, the possessors of the fiefs were called upon for military services.
    The act of calling together the vassals in armed array, was entitled ‘convoking the ban.
  4. (obsolete) A curse or anathema.
  5. A pecuniary mulct or penalty laid upon a delinquent for offending against a ban, such as a mulct paid to a bishop by one guilty of sacrilege or other crimes.
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Romanian ban of uncertain origin, perhaps from Serbo-Croatian bân.

NounEdit

ban (plural bani)

  1. A subdivision of currency, equal to one hundredth of a Romanian leu.
  2. A subdivision of currency, equal to one hundredth of a Moldovan leu.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Banburismus; coined by Alan Turing.

NounEdit

ban (plural bans)

  1. A unit measuring information or entropy based on base-ten logarithms, rather than the base-two logarithms that define the bit.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 4Edit

From South Slavic (compare Serbo-Croatian bȃn), from Proto-Slavic *banъ; see there for more.

NounEdit

ban (plural bans)

  1. A title used in several states in central and south-eastern Europe between the 7th century and the 20th century.
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


BambaraEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ban

  1. to finish

ReferencesEdit


CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

ban m (plural bans)

  1. ban (a public proclamation or edict)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

ban m (plural bans)

  1. ban (a title used in several states in central and south-eastern Europe between the 7th century and the 20th century)
Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


ChibchaEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ban

  1. shame, sorrow, outrage

ReferencesEdit

  • Gómez Aldana D. F., Análisis morfológico del Vocabulario 158 de la Biblioteca Nacional de Colombia. Grupo de Investigación Muysccubun. 2013.
  • Quesada Pacheco, Miguel Ángel. 1991. El vocabulario mosco de 1612. En estudios de Lingüística Chibcha. Programa de investigación del departamento de lingüística de la Universidad de Costa Rica. Serie Anual Tomo X San José (Costa Rica). Universidad de Costa Rica.
  • Gómez Aldana D. F., Análisis morfológico Gramática de Lugo. Grupo de Investigación Muysccubun. 2013.

DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch ban. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ban m (plural bannen)

  1. excommunication, denunciation, shunning
  2. anathema which is cast upon one who is excommunicated
  3. magic spell
  4. (historical) legal or feudal domain
  5. (historical) public declaration
  6. (archaic) exile
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from English ban.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ban m (plural bans)

  1. a revocation of permission to access or participate
    Synonym: toegangsverbod
    De forumgebruiker die zich heeft misdragen heeft een ban gekregen.
    The forum user that misbehaved has been given a ban.
Usage notesEdit

Mostly common within internet communities.

Etymology 3Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ban

  1. first-person singular present indicative of bannen
  2. imperative of bannen

Etymology 4Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ban

  1. first-person singular present indicative of bannen
  2. imperative of bannen

FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old French ban, from Frankish *ban.

NounEdit

ban m (plural bans)

  1. (dated) public declaration
  2. (dated) announcement of a marriage; banns
  3. (East of France, Belgium) territory
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Serbo-Croatian bȃn. See English ban.

NounEdit

ban m (plural bans)

  1. ban (nobleman)

Further readingEdit


Haitian CreoleEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

VerbEdit

ban

  1. give

SynonymsEdit


IberianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

ban

  1. A particle interpreted as the numeral 'one' by Eduardo Orduña and Joan Ferrer, and compared to Basque bat (one).

Further readingEdit

  • Eduardo Orduña [Aznar], Los numerales ibéricos y el protovasco
  • Joan Ferrer i Jané, El sistema de numerales ibérico: avances en su conocimiento

IndonesianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈban]
  • Hyphenation: ban

NounEdit

ban (first-person possessive banku, second-person possessive banmu, third-person possessive bannya)

  1. tyre, tire.
  2. tape
    Synonym: pita
  3. belt
    Synonyms: ikat pinggang, sabuk
  4. (physics) band, a part of the electromagnetic spectrum.
    Synonym: pita

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Dutch baan, from Middle Dutch bāne, from Old Dutch *bana, from Proto-Germanic *banō.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈban]
  • Hyphenation: ban

NounEdit

ban (first-person possessive banku, second-person possessive banmu, third-person possessive bannya)

  1. a road, way, path
    Synonyms: jalan, jalur
  2. a track, lane
    Synonym: lintasan
  3. (sports, ball games) court, field (place for playing sports or games, in particular non-team ball games)

Etymology 3Edit

From English ban.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈbɛn]
  • Hyphenation: ban

NounEdit

ban

  1. (Internet slang) a ban
    Synonym: blok

VerbEdit

ban

  1. (Internet slang) to ban
    Synonym: blokir

Further readingEdit


IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ban f pl

  1. genitive plural of bean

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
ban bhan mban
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

ban

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ばん
  2. Rōmaji transcription of バン

MaguindanaoEdit

NounEdit

ban

  1. sneeze

MandarinEdit

RomanizationEdit

ban

  1. Nonstandard spelling of bān.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of bǎn.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of bàn.

Usage notesEdit

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

MapudungunEdit

NounEdit

ban (Raguileo spelling)

  1. death

VerbEdit

ban (Raguileo spelling)

  1. To die.
  2. first-person singular realis form of ban; I died; I have died.

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Wixaleyiñ: Mapucezugun-wigkazugun pici hemvlcijka (Wixaleyiñ: Small Mapudungun-Spanish dictionary), Beretta, Marta; Cañumil, Dario; Cañumil, Tulio, 2008.

MaranaoEdit

VerbEdit

ban

  1. to sneeze

Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English bana.

NounEdit

ban

  1. Alternative form of bane

Etymology 2Edit

From Old English bān.

NounEdit

ban

  1. Alternative form of bon

Min NanEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of ban – see (“the youngest”).
(This character, ban, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)

Northern KurdishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Related to Persian بام(bâm).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ban ?

  1. roof

Norwegian BokmålEdit

VerbEdit

ban

  1. imperative of bane (Etymology 3)

O'odhamEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Southeastern Tepehuan bhan, Northern Tepehuan bánai.

NounEdit

ban (plural ba꞉ban)

  1. coyote

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *bain, Proto-Germanic *bainą.

Cognate with Old Frisian bēn (West Frisian bien), Old Saxon bēn (Low German been, bein), Dutch been (bone, leg), Old High German bein (German Bein (leg)), Old Norse bein (Icelandic bein (bone)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bān n (nominative plural bān)

  1. bone

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle English: bon, ban, bone, bane, boon
    • English: bone
      • Geordie English: byen
    • Scots: bane, bean, bain
    • Yola: bane

Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ban

  1. genitive dual/plural of ben

VerbEdit

ban

  1. first-person plural imperative of is

Alternative formsEdit

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ban ban
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mban
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

PhaluraEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ban (invariable, Perso-Arabic spelling بن)

  1. closed
  2. blocked, stopped

Alternative formsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[1], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Romanian ban.

NounEdit

ban m anim

  1. ban (subdivision of currency)
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From English ban, from Middle English bannen (to summon; to bannish; to curse), partly from Old English bannan (to summon, command, proclaim, call out) and partly from Old Norse banna (to prohibit; to curse), both from Proto-Germanic *bannaną (to proclaim, to order; to summon; to ban; to curse, forbid), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰh₂-new-ti ~ bʰh₂-n̥w-énti, innovative nasal-infixed zero-grade athematic present of *bʰeh₂- (to say).

NounEdit

ban m anim

  1. (Internet) ban
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Serbo-Croatian ban, from Late Proto-Slavic *banъ, from Turkic.

NounEdit

ban m pers

  1. ban (title used in several states in central and south-eastern Europe between the 7th century and the 20th century)
DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • ban in Polish dictionaries at PWN

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unknown. Perhaps from Medieval Latin *bannus (communication), perhaps through a German intermediate.[1] Other theories derive the word from Proto-Slavic *banъ (master, lord) (via Serbo-Croatian or Hungarian). Ultimate Mongolian origin (баян (bayan, rich lord; plutocrat)) has also been proposed.[2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ban m (plural bani)

  1. money; coin
  2. ban (unit of currency, one hundredth of a leu)

Usage notesEdit

Usually used in the plural form, bani

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://webdex.ro/etimologic/ban
  2. ^ Romanian vocabulary. In: Haspelmath, M. & Tadmor, U. (eds.) World Loanword Database. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Late Proto-Slavic *banъ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bȃn m (Cyrillic spelling ба̑н)

  1. ban (title)

DeclensionEdit


VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

NounEdit

ban

  1. (historical) branch of administration in the feudal court (of which there are two types: the civil administrators and the martial office holders)
  2. group (of people doing the same work); band; board; squad; committee
  3. shift; work period
  4. (only in compounds) time period; section of the day
    Synonym: buổi
    ban trưanoon
  5. (dated) (college-level) subject; (academic) department

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

(classifier cây, hoa) ban

  1. orchid tree (Bauhinia variegata)

Etymology 3Edit

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

NounEdit

ban

  1. (medicine) rash

Etymology 4Edit

NounEdit

ban

  1. (Central Vietnam) ball

Etymology 5Edit

NounEdit

ban

  1. (colloquial) Alternative form of pan

Etymology 6Edit

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

VerbEdit

ban

  1. (archaic) to confer on; to bestow
  2. (archaic) to announce; to herald; to proclaim

VolapükEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French bain.

NounEdit

ban (nominative plural bans)

  1. bath

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Welsh bann, from Proto-Brythonic *bann, from Proto-Celtic *bandā.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ban m (plural bannau or bannoedd)

  1. peak

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
ban fan man unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present) , “ban”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

YagaraEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ban

  1. dirty
  2. nasty
  3. very angry

ReferencesEdit


ZazakiEdit

NounEdit

ban

  1. dome, cupola
  2. room

ZouEdit

 
Ban.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bàn

  1. arm

ReferencesEdit

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, page 41