Last modified on 22 April 2015, at 02:25

元首

ChineseEdit

 
(dynasty); dollar; primary; first
 
head; chief; first (occasion); first (thing); measure word for poems
simp. and trad.
(元首)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

元首

  1. head of state (esp. the king/emperor of China)
  2. beginning

SynonymsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
げん
Grade: 2
しゅ
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 元首 (ngjwon syuwX, literally first, prime + head).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

元首 (hiragana げんしゅ, romaji genshu)

  1. head of state (the chief public representative of a nation), ruler, sovereign
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
もと
Grade: 2
くび
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Compound of (moto, origin, base) +‎ (kubi, neck, head).[2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

元首 (hiragana もとくび, romaji motokubi)

  1. (rare) the base of the neck
  2. (rare) (by extension upwards) the head
Usage notesEdit

The kun'yomi reading of motokubi is rare for this term.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan