See also: and
U+8166, 腦
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8166

[U+8165]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8167]

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 130, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 月女女田 (BVVW), four-corner 72263, composition𡿺)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 988, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29681
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1440, character 32
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2100, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+8166

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Originally , an ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  (hair) +  (head; fontanel). was later replaced with (“flesh”).

Etymology 1Edit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-nəw-k. Cognate with Burmese ဦးနှောက် (u:hnauk), Sichuan Yi (o not, brain), Jingpho nu' (brain), Drung unu (brain; mind), Japhug tɯrnoʁ, S'gaw Karen ခိၣ်နူာ် (khònụ, brain).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Xiamen, Zhangzhou, Taiwan:
    • náu - vernacular;
    • ló - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Note:
    • nao2 - literary;
    • lo2 - vernacular.
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (8)
    Final () (89)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /nɑuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /nɑuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /nɑuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /nawX/
    Li
    Rong
    /nɑuX/
    Wang
    Li
    /nɑuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /nɑuX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    nǎo
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    nǎo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nawX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nˁ[u]ʔ/
    English brain

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 9370
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nuːʔ/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (anatomy) brain (Classifier: m c)
    2. head
    3. brains; mind
      唔使 / 唔使 [Cantonese]  ―  m4 sai2 jung6 nou5 nam2 [Jyutping]  ―  no need to use one's brains
    4. to smash one's head
    5. core; central part
    6. brain-like object or substance
      豆腐 / 豆腐  ―  dòufunǎo  ―  tofu pudding
    7. (Chinese) Short for 電腦电脑 (diànnǎo, “computer”). (Classifier: c)

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (のう) ()
    • Korean: (, noe)
    • Vietnamese: não ()

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    trad.
    simp.

    PronunciationEdit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (8)
    Final () (89)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /nɑuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /nɑuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /nɑuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /nawH/
    Li
    Rong
    /nɑuH/
    Wang
    Li
    /nɑuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /nɑuH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    nào
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 9375
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nuːs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. Kyūjitai form of

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    Hanja in this term

    NounEdit

    (eumhun 머릿골 (meoritgol noe))

    1. Hanja form? of (brain).

    Old JapaneseEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 漬く (naduku, to be immersed in water (or other liquid)).

    NounEdit

    (naduki1) (kana なづき)

    1. the brain

    DescendantsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ Yoshinori Kobayashi, Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 1: Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki (in Japanese), Kyūko Shoin (published 1978; original text from 794), →ISBN.

    VietnameseEdit

    Hán tự in this term

    Han characterEdit

    (não)

    NounEdit

    1. Hán tự form of não (brain).