See also: and
U+8166, 腦
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8166

[U+8165]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8167]

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 130, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 月女女田 (BVVW), four-corner 72263, composition𡿺)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 988, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29681
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1440, character 32
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2100, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+8166

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Originally , an ideogrammic compound (會意): + (hair) + (head; fontanel). was later replaced with (“flesh”).

Etymology 1Edit

trad.
simp.
2nd round simp.
alternative forms

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-nəw-k. Cognate with Burmese ဦးနှောက် (u:hnauk), Sichuan Yi (o not, brain), Jingpho nu' (brain), Drung unu (brain; mind), Japhug tɯrnoʁ, S'gaw Karen ခိၣ်နူာ် (khoh̀ noọ , brain).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Xiamen, Zhangzhou, Taiwan:
    • náu - vernacular;
    • ló - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Note:
    • nao2 - literary;
    • lo2 - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (8)
    Final () (89)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /nɑuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /nɑuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /nɑuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /nawX/
    Li
    Rong
    /nɑuX/
    Wang
    Li
    /nɑuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /nɑuX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    nǎo
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    nou5
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    nǎo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nawX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nˁ[u]ʔ/
    English brain

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 9370
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nuːʔ/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (anatomy) brain (Classifier: m c)
    2. head
    3. brains; mind
      唔使 / 唔使 [Cantonese]  ―  m4 sai2 jung6 nou5 nam2 [Jyutping]  ―  no need to use one's brains
    4. to smash one's head
    5. core; central part
    6. (in compounds) brain-like object or substance
      豆腐 / 豆腐  ―  dòufunǎo  ―  tofu pudding
      /   ―  diànnǎo  ―  computer
    7. (in compounds) essence
      /   ―  zhāngnǎo  ―  camphor
      /   ―  lóngnǎo  ―  borneol
      薄荷 / 薄荷  ―  bóhénǎo  ―  menthol
    8. (Cantonese) Short for 電腦电脑 (diànnǎo, “computer”). (Classifier: c)
    SynonymsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (のう) ()
    • Korean: (, noe)
    • Vietnamese: não ()

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    trad.
    simp.

    PronunciationEdit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (8)
    Final () (89)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /nɑuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /nɑuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /nɑuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /nawH/
    Li
    Rong
    /nɑuH/
    Wang
    Li
    /nɑuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /nɑuH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    nào
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    nou6
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 9375
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nuːs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. Kyūjitai form of

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC nɑuX).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 노ᇢ〯 (Yale: nwǒv)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[1] 골〮치〮 (Yale: kwólchí) 노〯 (Yale: nwǒ)

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 머릿골 (meoritgol noe))

    1. Hanja form? of (brain). [noun]

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Old JapaneseEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 漬く (naduku, to be immersed in water (or other liquid)).

    NounEdit

    (naduki1) (kana なづき)

    1. the brain

    DescendantsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ Unknown (794), Yoshinori Kobayashi, editor, Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki (Kojisho Ongi Shūsei) (in Japanese), volume 1, Kyūko Shoin, published 1978, →ISBN.

    VietnameseEdit

    Hán tự in this term

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: não

    NounEdit

    1. chữ Hán form of não (brain).