U+611A, 愚
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-611A

[U+6119]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+611B]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 61, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 田月心 (WBP), four-corner 60332, composition )

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 395, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10946
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2321, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+611A

Chinese

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trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin

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Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *ŋo) : phonetic (OC *ŋo, *ŋos) + semantic (heart) – stupid.

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • ngṳ̀ - literary;
  • kṳ̀ - vernacular.
Note: ngu5 - Chaoyang.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /y³⁵/
Harbin /y⁴⁴/
Tianjin /y⁴⁵/
Jinan /y²¹³/
Qingdao /y²¹³/
Zhengzhou /y⁴²/
Xi'an /y²⁴/
Xining /y²⁴/
Yinchuan /y⁵³/
Lanzhou /y¹³/
Ürümqi /y²¹³/
Wuhan /y²¹³/
Chengdu /y³¹/
Guiyang /i²¹/
Kunming /i³¹/
Nanjing /y²⁴/
Hefei /zz̩ʷ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /y¹¹/
Pingyao /y¹³/
Hohhot /y³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ȵy²³/
Suzhou /ȵy¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦz̩ʷ²¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵy³¹/
Hui Shexian /ny⁴⁴/
Tunxi /y⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /y¹³/
Xiangtan /y¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /ŋi¹¹/
Taoyuan /ŋi²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jy²¹/
Nanning /y²¹/
Hong Kong /jy²¹/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /gu³⁵/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /ŋy⁵³/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /ŋy⁴⁴/
Shantou (Teochew) /ŋõ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Hainanese) /zi³¹/
/ŋai³¹/ 訓獃

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter ngju
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋio/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋuə̆/
Li
Rong
/ŋio/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jyu4
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15919
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋo/

Definitions

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  1. foolish; stupid
  2. to fool; to dupe
  3. (humble) I

Synonyms

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: () (gu)
  • Korean: 우(愚) (u)
  • Vietnamese: ngu ()

Others:

  • Lao: ໂງ່ (ngō)
  • Thai: โง่ (ngôo, ignorant; stupid; unintelligent)

Compounds

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. bullshit
  2. foolish
  3. absurdity
  4. stupid

Readings

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Compounds

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Etymology

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Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ngju).

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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() (gu-na (adnominal () (gu na), adverbial () (gu ni))

  1. foolish
    Synonym: 愚か (oroka)

Inflection

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Noun

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() (gu

  1. foolishness, folly
    • 1900, 田中正造, 亡國に至るを知らざれば之れ即ち亡國の儀に付質問[1], 青空文庫:
      [] (おのれ)()()れば(すなは)()にあらず、(おのれ)()なることを()らなければ(これ)(しん)()である。
      [] onore no gu o shireba sunawachi gu ni arazu, onore no gu naru koto o shiranakereba kore ga shin no gu de aru.
      [] if you know your own foolishness, then you are not foolish. If you do not know that you are foolish, this is true foolishness.

Derived terms

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Pronoun

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() (gu

  1. (humble) I, me

Korean

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Hanja

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(u) (hangeul , revised u, McCune–Reischauer u, Yale wu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

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Adjective

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(ngu)

  1. stupid; doltish; foolish