See also:

U+5178, 典
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5178

[U+5177]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5179]
Commons:Category
Commons:Category
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Translingual

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Stroke order
 
Stroke order (Japan)
 

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 12, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 廿月金 (TBC), four-corner 55801, composition )

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 128, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1474
  • Dae Jaweon: page 286, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 247, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5178

Further reading

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Chinese

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simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𠔓

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : (books) + (table) – (official) books on a table.

Current form resembles the unrelated .

Etymology

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From Proto-Sinitic *dʰiəm.

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • diang2 - Shantou;
  • diêng2 - Chaozhou.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tian²¹⁴/
Harbin /tian²¹³/
Tianjin /tian¹³/
Jinan /tiã⁵⁵/
Qingdao /tiã⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /tian⁵³/
Xi'an /tiã⁵³/
Xining /tiã⁵³/
Yinchuan /tian⁵³/
Lanzhou /tiɛ̃n⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /tian⁵¹/
Wuhan /tiɛn⁴²/
Chengdu /tian⁵³/
Guiyang /tian⁴²/ 家~
/tian²¹³/ ~當
Kunming /tiɛ̃⁵³/
Nanjing /tien²¹²/
Hefei /tiĩ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /tie⁵³/
Pingyao /tie̞⁵³/
Hohhot /tie⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ti³⁵/
Suzhou /tiɪ⁵¹/
Hangzhou /tiẽ̞⁵³/
Wenzhou /ti³⁵/
Hui Shexian /te³⁵/
Tunxi /tiɛ³¹/
Xiang Changsha /tiẽ⁴¹/
Xiangtan /tiẽ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /tiɛn²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /tien³¹/
Taoyuan /tien³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tin³⁵/
Nanning /tim³⁵/
Hong Kong /tin³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /tian⁵³/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /tɛiŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /tiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Teochew) /tiaŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Hainanese) /ʔdin²¹³/
/ʔdai²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Baxter tenX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tenX/
Pan
Wuyun
/tenX/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɛnX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tɛnX/
Li
Rong
/tenX/
Wang
Li
/tienX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tienX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
diǎn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
din2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
diǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tenX ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˁə[r]ʔ/
English statute, norm

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2342
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tɯːnʔ/

Definitions

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  1. law; canon
  2. documentation
  3. classic; scripture
  4. (Internet slang) Literally "classic, typical", used usually alone to complain that a person's words hit one of the typicals of the similar ridiculous expressions.

Compounds

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References

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

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Compounds

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Noun

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(てん) (ten

  1. ceremony
    ()(しょく)(てん)
    kashoku no ten
    wedding ceremony
  2. rule

Korean

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Hanja

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(eumhun (beop jeon))

  1. Hanja form? of (rule; law).

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: điển, đến, điếng

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.