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U+66F2, 曲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-66F2

[U+66F1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+66F3]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 73 +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 廿田 (TW) or 廿月金 (TBC) or X廿田 (XTW), four-corner 55600)

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 502, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14280
  • Dae Jaweon: page 873, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1484, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+66F2

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Ideogram (指事) – a bent object. Earlier forms shaped more like a ‘U’.

Also simplified from via the variant character .

Etymology 1Edit

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • khiok - literary;
  • khiak/khek/khak - vernacular;
  • khiau - 蹺 used in the Mainland.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰy²¹⁴/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/ ~折
/t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/ 大~
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰy²¹/ 彎~
/t͡ɕʰy¹³/ 歌~
Jinan /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰy⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰy¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰy³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰy⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyo³¹/
/t͡ɕʰy³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰiu²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰiu³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰyʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰyəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰyʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
/t͡ɕʰyɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰiəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰiəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kʰiuk̚¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰok̚⁵/
Nanning /kʰuk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kʰuk̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰiɔk̚³²/
/kʰik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰuɔʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰy²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xok̚⁵/ ~調
/xiak̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (8)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɨok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰiok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰuawk̚/
Li
Rong
/kʰiok̚/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭwok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰi̯wok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjowk ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʰ(r)ok/
English to bend

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10578
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰoɡ/
DefinitionsEdit

  1. not straight; bent
    1. twisting
    2. curved
      / 线  ―  xiàn  ―  curve
    3. crooked
  2. wrong; not right
CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Note:
  • khiok - literary;
  • khiak/khek - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰy²¹⁴/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/ ~折
/t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/ 大~
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰy²¹/ 彎~
/t͡ɕʰy¹³/ 歌~
Jinan /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰy⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰy¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰy³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰy⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyo³¹/
/t͡ɕʰy³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰiu²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰiu³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰyʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰyəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰyʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
/t͡ɕʰyɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰiəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰiəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kʰiuk̚¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰok̚⁵/
Nanning /kʰuk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kʰuk̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰiɔk̚³²/
/kʰik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰuɔʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰy²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xok̚⁵/ ~調
/xiak̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (8)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɨok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰiok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰuawk̚/
Li
Rong
/kʰiok̚/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭwok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰi̯wok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjowk ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʰ(r)ok/
English to bend

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10578
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰoɡ/
DefinitionsEdit

  1. song
      ―    ―  song
    調 /   ―  diào  ―  melody
SynonymsEdit
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“yeast; alcoholic beverage; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


Kanji in this term
きょく
Grade: 3
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana きょく, rōmaji kyoku)

  1. a piece of music

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gok) (hangeul )

  1. bent, crooked
  2. false, wrong
  3. a piece of music

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khúc)

  1. Being bent
  2. A bend, bent object(s), bent and/or tight places (鄉曲: small/tiny rural area/village)
  3. Being flexible. 曲為之說: apologize for other people in a fluent way.