See also: , , , and
U+66F2, 曲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-66F2

[U+66F1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+66F3]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 73, +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 廿田 (TW) or 廿月金 (TBC) or X廿田 (XTW), four-corner 55600, composition丨)

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 502, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14280
  • Dae Jaweon: page 873, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1484, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+66F2

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𠚖
𡆪
⿱ 丷 𡆪

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Ideogram (指事) – a bent object.

Also simplified from via the variant character .

Etymology 1Edit

used in names of rivers
From Tibetan ཆུ (chu, river).
to bend, bent, curved, crooked, wrong
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(k/ʔ)uk (bend, crooked, return, back, year) (STEDT). Cognate with Burmese ကျောက် (kyauk, the back) and Burmese ကောက် (kauk, bent, curved, crooked). Compare Proto-Mon-Khmer *gɔk (be crooked, bent, lame) (Schuessler, 2007).
mocking; ridiculing
From 曲線曲线 (qūxiàn).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • ké̤ṳk - literary;
  • kuóh - vernacular.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • khiok - literary;
    • khiak/khek/khak - vernacular;
    • khiau - 蹺 used in the Mainland.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰy²¹⁴/
    Harbin /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/ ~折
    /t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/ 大~
    Tianjin /t͡ɕʰy²¹/ 彎~
    /t͡ɕʰy¹³/ 歌~
    Jinan /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕʰy⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
    Xining /t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰy¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰy³¹/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰy⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyo³¹/
    /t͡ɕʰy³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕʰiu²¹/
    Kunming /t͡ɕʰiu³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕʰyʔ⁵/
    Hefei /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰyəʔ²/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕʰyʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
    /t͡ɕʰyɪʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰo²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiuʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiu⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰiəu²⁴/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰiəɯ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiuʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰiuk̚¹/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰok̚⁵/
    Nanning /kʰuk̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /kʰuk̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰiɔk̚³²/
    /kʰik̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰœyʔ²³/
    /kʰwoʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰy²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰek̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xok̚⁵/ ~調
    /xiak̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (8)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰɨok̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰiok̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰiok̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰuawk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰiok̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰĭwok̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰi̯wok̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ku
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    huk1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khjowk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰ(r)ok/
    English to bend

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10578
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰoɡ/
    DefinitionsEdit

     
    Wikipedia has articles on:
    1. not straight; bent
      1. twisting
      2. curved
        线  ―  xiàn  ―  curve
      3. crooked
    2. wrong; not right
    3. (Hong Kong Cantonese, chiefly Internet slang) mocking; ridiculing
    4. a surname
    5. Used in names of rivers in Tibet and surrounding regions.
    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit


    Note:
    • ké̤ṳk - literary;
    • kuóh - vernacular.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • khiok - literary;
    • khiak/khek - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰy²¹⁴/
    Harbin /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/ ~折
    /t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/ 大~
    Tianjin /t͡ɕʰy²¹/ 彎~
    /t͡ɕʰy¹³/ 歌~
    Jinan /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕʰy⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
    Xining /t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰy¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰy³¹/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰy⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyo³¹/
    /t͡ɕʰy³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕʰiu²¹/
    Kunming /t͡ɕʰiu³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕʰyʔ⁵/
    Hefei /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰyəʔ²/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕʰyʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
    /t͡ɕʰyɪʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰo²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiuʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiu⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰiəu²⁴/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰiəɯ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiuʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰiuk̚¹/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰok̚⁵/
    Nanning /kʰuk̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /kʰuk̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰiɔk̚³²/
    /kʰik̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰœyʔ²³/
    /kʰwoʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰy²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰek̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xok̚⁵/ ~調
    /xiak̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (8)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰɨok̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰiok̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰiok̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰuawk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰiok̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰĭwok̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰi̯wok̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ku
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    huk1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khjowk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰ(r)ok/
    English to bend

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10578
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰoɡ/
    DefinitionsEdit

    1. song
        ―    ―  song
      調  ―  diào  ―  melody
      Synonyms: 歌曲 (gēqǔ), ()
    2. Qu (poetry)
      Synonym: 詞餘词余 (cíyú)
    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“yeast; alcoholic beverage; etc.”).
    (This character, , is the simplified form of , which is in turn a variant form of .)
    Notes:

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. song, melody, composition
    2. bent, curve
    3. to turn, to twist
    4. crooked

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    Kanji in this term
    きょく
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (きょく) (kyoku

    1. a piece of music

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 굽을 (gubeul gok))

    1. Hanja form? of (bent; twisted; curved).
    2. Hanja form? of (a piece of music; tune).

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: khúc ((khâu)(lục)(thiết))[1][2][3][4][5]
    : Nôm readings: khúc[1][2][3][4][5][6]

    1. chữ Hán form of khúc (bent; curved).
    2. chữ Hán form of khúc (piece; section; chunk; tune; song).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit