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U+534A, 半
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-534A

[U+5349]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+534B]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 24, +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 火手 (FQ), four-corner 90500, composition(GHTJV) or ⿻(K))

  1. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №18

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 156, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2707
  • Dae Jaweon: page 354, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 46, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+534A

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*paːns
*paːns
*paːns
*paːns, *pʰaːns
*pʰaːn, *baːnʔ
*pʰaːn, *brons, *pʰaːn, *puns
*pʰaːnʔ
*pʰaːns
*pʰaːns
*pʰaːns
*pʰaːns
*pʰaːns
*pʰaːns
*baːn
*baːnʔ, *baːns
*baːns
*baːns
*ban

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *par. Related to (OC *baːns, “bank between fields”), which is an endopassive of (OC *paːns, “half”), lit. "be separated from".

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • pòaⁿ - vernacular;
  • poàn - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (62)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /puɑnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pʷɑnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /puɑnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pwanH/
    Li
    Rong
    /puɑnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /puɑnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /puɑnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    bàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    bàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ panH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pˁan-s/
    English half

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 243
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*paːns/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. half
      全國人口 / 全国人口  ―  quánguó rénkǒu de yībàn  ―  half of the national population
      [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 bong6 bun3 [Jyutping]  ―  1½ pounds
      十點 / 十点 [Cantonese]  ―  sap6 dim2 bun3 [Jyutping]  ―  10:30
    2. very little
    3. halfway, partially, semi-
        ―  bàn zuì bàn xǐng  ―  partially in a stupor, partially awake

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. half

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana はん, rōmaji han)

    1. odd (especially of dice)

    PrefixEdit

    (hiragana はん, rōmaji han-)

    1. half, semi-
       (はん) (とし)
      hantoshi
      semiannual
       (はん) (せい) ()
      hanseiki
      semicentennial
    Antonyms

    SuffixEdit

    (hiragana はん, rōmaji -han)

    1. half
       (よん) (ばい) (はん)
      yon bai han
      four times and a half
       () (じゅう) () (ねん) (はん)
      nijūni nen han
      twenty-two years and a half

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ban) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer pan, Yale pan)

    1. half

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (bán, bướng, ban, bận, bớn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.