See also: and ±

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
土-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
土-oracle.svg 土-bronze.svg 土-silk.svg 土-bigseal.svg 土-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形): a lump of clay on a potter’s wheel.

Han characterEdit

(radical 32 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 土 (G), four-corner 40100)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 223, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4867
  • Dae Jaweon: page 453, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 415, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+571F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tʰu²¹⁴/
Harbin /tʰu²¹³/
Tianjin /tʰu¹³/
Jinan /tʰu⁵⁵/
Qingdao /tʰu⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /tʰu⁵³/
Xi'an /tʰu⁵³/
Xining /tʰv̩⁵³/
Yinchuan /tʰu⁵³/
Lanzhou /tʰu⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /tʰu⁵¹/
Wuhan /tʰəu⁴²/
Chengdu /tʰu⁵³/
Guiyang /tʰu⁴²/
Kunming /tʰu⁵³/
Nanjing /tʰu²¹²/
Hefei /tʰu²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /tʰu⁵³/
Pingyao /tʰu⁵³/
Hohhot /tʰu⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /tʰu³⁵/
Suzhou /tʰəu⁵¹/
Hangzhou /tʰu⁵³/
Wenzhou /tʰøy³⁵/
Hui Shexian /tʰu³⁵/
Tunxi /tʰəu³¹/
Xiang Changsha /tʰəu⁴¹/
Xiangtan /tʰəɯ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /tʰu²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /tʰu³¹/
Taoyuan /tʰu³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰou³⁵/
Nanning /tʰu³⁵/
Hong Kong /tʰou³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰɔ⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰu³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰu²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰou⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hɔu³¹/ 訓途
/hɔu²¹³/ ~產

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (6) (7)
Final () (23) (23)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰuoX/ /duoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰuoX/ /duoX/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰoX/ /doX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰɔX/ /dɔX/
Li
Rong
/tʰoX/ /doX/
Wang
Li
/tʰuX/ /duX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰuoX/ /dʱuoX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ thuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*tʰˤaʔ/
English earth

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 12499 12503
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰaːʔ/ /*l'aːʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. earth, soil
    這兒 / 这儿  ―  Zhèr de gòu féi de.  ―  The soil here is quite fertile.
  2. clay
  3. crude opium
  4. local, native, indigenous
    土著 (tǔzhù, “aboriginal”)
  5. rustic, unsophisticated
  6. A surname​.
  7. the Tujia ethnic group (土家族)

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
つち
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Old Japanese.[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana つち, romaji tsuchi)

  1. earth; soil; mud
  2. the ground

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(to, du)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (McCune-Reischauer: t'o, tu, Yale: tho, twu)
  • Name (hangeul): , 뿌리 (revised: heulk, ppuri, McCune-Reischauer: hŭk, ppuri, Yale: hulk, ppuli)
  • Compounds
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

NounEdit

‎(to) ‎(hangeul )

  1. earth
  2. (As an abbreviation) Saturday

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thổ, tiên)

  1. earth, land
  2. soil
  3. A name
  4. (As an abbreviation) arrogance
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