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See also: 寿 and
U+58FD, 壽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-58FD

[U+58FC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+58FE]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Shinjitai 寿
Simplified 寿
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 33 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 土弓一戈 (GNMI), four-corner 40641, composition ⿳⿳)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 244, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5672
  • Dae Jaweon: page 484, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 483, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+58FD

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. 寿*
alt. forms
𡔽

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tuːʔ, *tuːs
*tuːʔ
*tuːʔ, *duː, *du
*tuːʔ
*tuːʔ, *du, *dus
*duː, *duː
*duː, *duːs
翿 *duː, *duːs
*duːs, *du
*duːs, *du
*tu
*du
*du
*du
*du
*du
*tʰjuʔ, *dju
*dju
*djuʔ, *djus
*djuʔ, *djuɡ
*tjos

These forms are seen in bronze inscriptions:

  1. Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djuʔ, *djus): semantic  (old) + phonetic 𢏚 (OC *du).
  2. #1 + .
  3. #1 + + .

The current traditional glyph is from the composition #3, with becoming .

Shuowen: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djuʔ, *djus): semantic  (old) + phonetic 𠷎.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂou⁵¹/
Harbin /ʂou⁵³/
Tianjin /ʂou⁵³/
/sou⁵³/
Jinan /ʂou²¹/
Qingdao /ʃou⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʂou³¹²/
Xi'an /ʂou⁴⁴/
Xining /ʂɯ²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʂəu¹³/
Lanzhou /ʂou¹³/
Ürümqi /ʂɤu²¹³/
Wuhan /səu³⁵/
Chengdu /səu¹³/
Guiyang /səu²¹³/
Kunming /ʂəu²¹²/
Nanjing /ʂəɯ⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʂɯ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /səu⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ʂəu³⁵/
Hohhot /səu⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zɤ²³/
Suzhou /zɤ³¹/
Hangzhou /zei¹³/
Wenzhou /jɤu²²/
Hui Shexian /ɕiu²²/
Tunxi /ɕiu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʂəu⁵⁵/
/ʂəu¹¹/
Xiangtan /ʂəɯ²¹/
Gan Nanchang /sɨu²¹/
Hakka Meixian /su⁵³/
Taoyuan /ʃu⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐu²²/
Nanning /sɐu²²/
Hong Kong /sɐu²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siu²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sieu²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /siu⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /siu³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tiu³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (25) (25)
Final () (136) (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑɨuX/ /d͡ʑɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiuX/ /d͡ʑiuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiəuX/ /d͡ʑiəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑuwX/ /d͡ʑuwH/
Li
Rong
/ʑiuX/ /ʑiuH/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭəuX/ /ʑĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ə̯uX/ /ʑi̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shòu shòu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shòu shòu
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyuwX › ‹ dzyuwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[N-t]uʔ/ /*[N-t]uʔ-s/
English longevity longevity

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 11707 11709
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djuʔ/ /*djus/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. old age; long life
  2. lifespan

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

寿

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form 寿)

  1. longevity, long life
  2. congratulations

ReadingsEdit

Usage notesEdit

Seldom used in modern Japanese. See the 寿 entry for further details.


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune-Reischauer su, Yale swu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

CharacterEdit

ReadingsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.