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See also:
U+7587, 疇
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7587

[U+7586]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7588]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 102, +14, 19 strokes, cangjie input 田土弓戈 (WGNI), four-corner 64041, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 766, character 40
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21967
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1177, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2553, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+7587

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tuːʔ, *tuːs
*tuːʔ
*tuːʔ, *duː, *du
*tuːʔ
*tuːʔ, *du, *dus
*duː, *duː
*duː, *duːs
翿 *duː, *duːs
*duːs, *du
*duːs, *du
*tu
*du
*du
*du
*du
*du
*tʰjuʔ, *dju
*dju
*djuʔ, *djus
*djuʔ, *djuɡ
*tjos

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *du): semantic  (field) + phonetic  (OC *djuʔ, *djus).

EtymologyEdit

“who”
Cognate with (OC *djul, “who”), (OC *djɯwɢ, “which one; who”) (Schuessler, 2007). In other Sino-Tibetan languages, compare Mizo (who; which), Chepang दोह्‌ (what), Proto-Kuki-Chin *tuu (who; which (relativizer)) (Schuessler, 2007; STEDT).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (11)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖuw/
Li
Rong
/ȡiu/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chóu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chóu chóu
Middle
Chinese
‹ drjuw › ‹ drjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]ru/ /*[d]ru/
English in the past, yesterday plowed field

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11695
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*du/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (agriculture) field; farmland; arable land
  2. (agriculture, specifically) hemp field
  3. (agriculture) division in a field between different types of crops
  4. (agriculture) to hill up; to earth up
  5. to make equal
  6. kind; class; category
    alt. forms:
    /   ―  fànchóu  ―  conceptual category; scope; domain
  7. Alternative form of (chóu, “to calculate; to plan”).
  8. Alternative form of (chóu, “to repay; to thank”).
  9. who
  10. Meaningless particle.
    /   ―  chóu  ―  in former times
  11. () (historical) Chou (an ancient state in modern Henan)
  12. A surname​.

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of (“who; whom”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 1, , , 誰人, 何人
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 1
Mandarin Beijing 1
Taiwan 1
Harbin 1
Shenyang 1
Jinan 1
Muping 1
Luoyang 1
Wanrong 哪𠰻
Wanrong (Ronghe) 啥外
Xi'an 1
Qingdao 1
Zhengzhou 1
Xining 阿個, 阿一個, 啥人
Xuzhou 1, 哪個
Yinchuan 1
Lanzhou 1, 誰個, 誰們
Ürümqi 1, 誰一個, 誰們
Wuhan 哪個, 啥個
Chengdu 哪個, 啥子人
Guiyang 哪個
Liuzhou 哪人, 哪個
Kunming 哪個
Yangzhou 哪個, 哪一個
Nanjing 哪個
Hefei 哪個, 哈個
Nantong 哪個, 哪一個, 哪個人
Cantonese Guangzhou 邊個, 乜誰
Hong Kong 邊個, 乜誰
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 邊個, 哪誰
Foshan 邊個
Shunde 邊個, 邊誰
Zhongshan (Shiqi) 邊個
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 邊個, 乜誰
Taishan 阿誰
Kaiping (Chikan) 乜誰, 乜阿誰
Dongguan 鼠個, 乜誰
Shaoguan 邊個
Yunfu 邊個
Yangjiang 乜誰
Xinyi 乜人, 乜誰
Lianjiang 乜人
Nanning 邊個
Kuala Lumpur 邊個
Gan Nanchang 哪個
Lichuan 哪個
Pingxiang 哪仔, 哪個仔
Hakka Meixian 麼人, 哪儕
Xingning 哪隻
Huidong (Daling) 哪隻, 哪人
Qujiang 哪個
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 哪儕
Changting 哪個, 哪個哩
Pingyu 麼人
Wuping 哪個, 麼人
Liancheng 哪個, 麼人
Ninghua 台人
Ruijin 哪人, 哪個
Shicheng 斯你
Shangyou 哪人
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 麼人, 麼儕
Liudui (S. Sixian) 麼人, 麼儕
Hsinchu (Hailu) 麼人, 麼儕
Dongshi (Dabu) 麼人, 麼儕
Hsinchu (Raoping) 麼人, 麼儕
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 麼儕
Hong Kong 哪人
Sabah 哪人
Senai 麼人
Singkawang 麼儕
Huizhou Jixi 哪個
Jin Taiyuan 1, 誰們 usually plural
Xinzhou 1, 誰們 usually plural
Min Bei Jian'ou 孰人
Min Dong Fuzhou 底儂
Fuqing 底儂
Matsu 底儂
Min Nan Xiamen 2, 3, 4, 是誰, 啥儂, 啥物儂, 什物儂, 底儂
Quanzhou 2, 4, 是誰, 啥儂
Zhangzhou 5, 是誰, 啥儂
Taipei 啥物儂
Kaohsiung 啥物儂
Tainan 啥物儂
Taichung 5, 啥儂
Hsinchu 2, 啥物儂
Lukang 啥物儂, 2
Sanxia 啥儂
Yilan 啥儂, 2
Kinmen 3
Magong 3
Penang 誰誰, 誰誰儂, 是誰
Singapore 啥儂, 2, 啥物儂, 是誰, 3
Philippines (Manila) 誰仔
Pingnan 乜儂
Chaozhou 底𫢗, 𫢗
Shantou 底𫢗
Haifeng 𫢗, 底𫢗
Johor Bahru 底𫢗
Haikou 3
Leizhou 3, 誰儂
Puxian Min Putian 什儂
Xianyou 什儂
Pinghua Nanning 哪個
Wu Shanghai 啥人
Suzhou 啥人
Hangzhou 哪個
Wenzhou 何乜人, 乜人, 誰人, 何人
Chongming 何人
Danyang 哪個
Jinhua 哪個
Ningbo 啥人, 誰儂 dated
Xiang Changsha 哪個, 何至個 suburbs
Shuangfeng 哪個
Loudi 哪個, 誰個
Quanzhou 哪個

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 밭이랑 (bachirang ju))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.