See also:
U+7587, 疇
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7587

[U+7586]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7588]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 102, +14, 19 strokes, cangjie input 田土弓戈 (WGNI), four-corner 64041, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 766, character 40
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21967
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1177, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2553, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+7587

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *du): semantic (field) + phonetic (OC *djuʔ, *djus).

EtymologyEdit

“who”
Cognate with (OC *djul, “who”), (OC *djɯwɢ, “which one; who”) (Schuessler, 2007). In other Sino-Tibetan languages, compare Mizo (who; which), Chepang दोह्‌ (what), Proto-Kuki-Chin *tuu (who; which (relativizer)) (Schuessler, 2007; STEDT).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (11)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖuw/
Li
Rong
/ȡiu/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chóu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chóu chóu
Middle
Chinese
‹ drjuw › ‹ drjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]ru/ /*[d]ru/
English in the past, yesterday plowed field

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11695
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*du/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (agriculture) field; farmland; arable land
  2. (agriculture, specifically) hemp field
  3. (agriculture) division in a field between different types of crops
  4. (agriculture) to hill up; to earth up
  5. to make equal
  6. kind; class; category
    alt. forms:
    /   ―  fànchóu  ―  conceptual category; scope; domain
  7. Alternative form of (chóu, “to calculate; to plan”).
  8. Alternative form of (chóu, “to repay; to thank”).
  9. who
  10. Meaningless particle.
    /   ―  chóu  ―  in former times
  11. () (historical) Chou (an ancient state in modern Henan)
  12. A surname​.

SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. companion, mate, colleague

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC ɖɨu). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: tyu) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 밭이랑 (bachirang ju))

  1. Hanja form? of (furrow).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]