JapaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5

From Proto-Japonic *airu, derived from *a- (to exist, to have).

PronunciationEdit

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "得る"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
得る [éꜜrù]
Imperative (命令形) 得ろ [éꜜrò]
Key constructions
Passive 得られる られ [èráréꜜrù]
Causative 得させる させ [èsáséꜜrù]
Potential 得る [éꜜrù]
Volitional 得よう [èyóꜜò]
Negative 得ない ない [éꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 得なかった なかった [éꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 得ます [èmáꜜsù]
Perfective 得た [éꜜtà]
Conjunctive 得て [éꜜtè]
Hypothetical conditional 得れば れば [éꜜrèbà]

VerbEdit

() (erutransitive ichidan (stem () (e), past () (eta))

  1. get, acquire, gain, obtain, win, catch
  2. be able to, can
  3. (in the form ざるを得ない following the imperfective form of a verb) cannot help but doing, cannot but do

See alsoEdit

AntonymsEdit

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

SuffixEdit

() (-uru

  1. to obtain (benefit)
  2. be able to, -able
    出来(でき)()(かぎ)吾輩(わがはい)()れてくれた主人(しゅじん)(そば)にいる(こと)をつとめた。
    Dekiuru kagiri wagahai o irete kureta shujin no soba ni iru koto o tsutometa.
    I tried to be at the side of the master who let me in as much as possible.

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN