TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

 +  +  – originally a hand 攵 breaking a pot. Pot figure similar to earlier forms of , replaced/simplified in large seal script to (earlier ) – a child with head down, and hair/lines going down.

Han characterEdit

(radical 60 +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹人卜月大 (HOYBK), four-corner 28240, composition)

  1. penetrate, pervade
  2. penetrating

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 371, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10245
  • Dae Jaweon: page 698, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 844, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5FB9

ChineseEdit

-
trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (徹), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 澄 (11)
Final: 薛
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 直列切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖiᴇt̚/ /ȡʱi̯ɛt̚/ /ȡiɛt̚/ /ɖiɛt̚/ /ɖiat̚/ /ȡĭɛt̚/ /ȡjæt̚/
Character (徹), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 徹 (10)
Final: 薛
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 丑列切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈʰiᴇt̚/ /ȶʰi̯ɛt̚/ /ȶʰiɛt̚/ /ʈʰiɛt̚/ /ʈʰiat̚/ /ȶʰĭɛt̚/ /ȶʰjæt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chè ‹ drjet › /*m-[tʰ]ret/ penetrate
chè ‹ drjet › /*m-tʰret/ divide land acc. to a certain share system
chè ‹ trhjet › /*tʰret/ divide land acc. to a certain share system
chè ‹ trhjet › /*tʰret/ penetrate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1319 2 /*tʰed/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana あきら, romaji Akira)

  1. A male given name

‎(hiragana とおる, romaji Tōru)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(cheol) (hangeul , revised cheol, McCune-Reischauer ch'ŏl, Yale chel)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(triệt, trẹt, trê, trệt, trịt, trít, xẹt)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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