See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
育-bw.png

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – a woman giving birth. Originally a woman squatting on left, with child head down on right, with lines (川) below head (hair, coming out). Etymology clearer in alternative form (woman 母 on left, upside down child 㐬 on right; the top part is an abstracted body with a head at the bottom; compare ).

Significantly simplified and abstracted in large seal and seal script: woman eliminated, lines 川 re-interpreted as ribs (, ), thence simplified to .


Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
育-seal.svg

Han characterEdit

(radical 130 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 卜戈月 (YIB), four-corner 00227, composition𠫓)

  1. produce, give birth to
  2. educate

Related charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

  • ( ) (etymologically unrelated, common simplification)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 976, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29318
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1427, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2052, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+80B2

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /y⁵¹/
Harbin /y⁵³/
Tianjin /y⁵³/
Jinan /y²¹/
Qingdao /y⁴²/
Zhengzhou /y³¹²/
Xi'an /y⁴⁴/
Xining /y²¹³/
Yinchuan /y¹³/
Lanzhou /y¹³/
Ürümqi /y²¹³/
Wuhan /iəu²¹³/
Chengdu /yo³¹/
/y³¹/
Guiyang /iu²¹/
Kunming /iu³¹/
Nanjing /ʐuʔ⁵/
Hefei /yəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /yəʔ²/
Pingyao /yʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /yəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦioʔ¹/
/ɦyɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /ioʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /ɦioʔ²/
Wenzhou /j̠ɤu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /iuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /iu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ʐəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /iəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /iuk̚¹/
Taoyuan /ʒɔk̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jok̚²/
Nanning /juk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /juk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iɔk̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /iok̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zok̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (36)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/iuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juwk̚/
Li
Rong
/iuk̚/
Wang
Li
/jĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ yuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-quk/
English breed, produce

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15984
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*luɡ/
Notes

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 教育 ‎(きょういく, kyōiku, education)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(yuk) (hangeul , revised yuk, McCune-Reischauer yuk, Yale yuk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(dục)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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