慈姑

See also: 慈菇

Contents

ChineseEdit

 
compassionate; gentle; merciful; kind; humane
paternal aunt
simp. and trad.
(慈姑)

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

慈姑

  1. (botany) the arrowhead plant, Sagittaria sagittifolia

ReferencesEdit

  • ABC Chinese-English Dictionary, John DeFrancis, 1997, page 94
  • The Pinyin Chinese-English Dictionary, Jingrong Wu, 1979, page 111
  • Lin Yutang, page 1071

JapaneseEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
慈姑 (kuwai): the arrowhead plant.
Kanji in this term
Grade: S Hyōgaiji
Irregular

EtymologyEdit

Unknown. One theory suggests that this is an alteration from (kawa imo, “river tuber”), but the old kana spelling of くわゐ ‎(kuwawi) for 慈姑 does not match the old kana spelling of かはうも ‎(kafaumo) for . This is more likely a compound of ‎(kuwa, plow), from the shape of the leaves, plus an unknown element (wi).

The kanji are ateji, borrowed from the Chinese name for this plant.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

慈姑 ‎(hiragana くわい, katakana クワイ, romaji kuwai, historical hiragana くわゐ)

  1. (botany) the arrowhead plant, Sagittaria trifolia var. edulis, cultivated since ancient times for its edible bulb

Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as クワイ.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
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