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U+4E73, 乳
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E73

[U+4E72]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E74]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 5, +7, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月木山 (BDU), four-corner 22410, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 84, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 190
  • Dae Jaweon: page 171, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 55, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4E73

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*noːʔ
*njoʔ

Pictogram (象形): A woman breastfeeding a child.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-nəw.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • nĕng/nèng - colloquial;
  • ṳ̄ - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (38)
    Final () (24)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ȵɨoX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ȵioX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȵʑioX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ȵuə̆X/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȵioX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȵʑĭuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȵʑi̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nyuX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*noʔ/
    English milk; nipple

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10868
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*njoʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. breast; nipples
    2. milk
    3. to suckle

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ちち
    Grade: 6
    kun’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ちち, rōmaji chichi)

    1. (dated) milk
    2. breast (of a woman, of a female mammal)

    SynonymsEdit

    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 6
    kun’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji chi)

    1. (archaic) milk
    2. (archaic) breast

    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (yu) (hangeul , revised yu, McCune–Reischauer yu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (nhũ, , nhú, nhỗ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit