U+4E73, 乳
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E73

[U+4E72]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E74]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 5, +7, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月木山 (BDU), four-corner 22410, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 84, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 190
  • Dae Jaweon: page 171, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 55, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4E73

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms Min Dong
𬂌 Min Dong

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pictogram (象形): A woman breastfeeding a child.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-nəw.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • nĕng/nèng - colloquial;
  • ṳ̄ - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (38)
    Final () (24)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ȵɨoX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ȵioX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȵʑioX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ȵuə̆X/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȵioX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȵʑĭuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȵʑi̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    jyu5
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nyuX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*noʔ/
    English milk; nipple

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10868
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*njoʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (literary, or in compounds) to breastfeed; to suckle
    2. (literary, or in compounds) breast; nipples
    3. (literary, or in compounds) milk; breast milk
    4. (literary, or in compounds) milk- or cheese-like substance
    5. (literary, or in compounds) young and small
    6. (literary, or in compounds) to multiply; to proliferate; to reproduce; to breed

    SynonymsEdit

    • (to breastfeed):
    • (breast): 乳房 (rǔfáng)
    • (milk):
    • 乳汁 (rǔzhī)
    • 唧唧 (Xiang, childish)
    • (nǎi) (literary, or in compounds)
    • 奶唧唧 (Xiang, childish)
    • 奶奶 (Sichuanese, childish in Cantonese, Wu)
    • 奶子 (nǎizi) (dialectal, colloquial)
    • (young and small): 幼小 (yòuxiǎo)
    • (to multiply):

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ちち
    Grade: 6
    kun’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (ちち) (chichi

    1. (dated) milk
    2. breast (of a woman, of a female mammal)

    SynonymsEdit

    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 6
    kun’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    () (chi

    1. (archaic) milk
    2. (archaic) breast

    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC ȵɨoX).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 ᅀᅲᆼ〯 (Yale: zyǔ)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[1] 졋〮 (Yale: cyés) ᅀᅲ〯 (Yale: zyǔ)

    PronunciationEdit

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (jeot yu))

    1. Hanja form? of (breast).
    2. Hanja form? of (milk).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: nhũ[1][2][3]
    : Nôm readings: [1][3][4], nhỏ[1][2], nhủ[1][2], nhũ[2][4], nhả[2], nhỗ[3], nhú[5]

    1. Hán tự form of nhũ (breast).
    2. Nôm form of (breast).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit