U+4E73, 乳
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E73

[U+4E72]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E74]

Translingual

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Stroke order
 

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 5, +7, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月木山 (BDU), four-corner 22410, composition )

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 84, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 190
  • Dae Jaweon: page 171, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 55, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4E73

Chinese

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simp. and trad.
alternative forms Eastern Min
𬂌 Eastern Min

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pictogram (象形) : A woman breastfeeding a child.

Etymology

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From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-nəw.

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • nĕng/nèng - colloquial;
  • ṳ̄ - literary.
Note: 6lu - younger speakers.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (38)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter nyuX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵɨoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵioX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑioX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵuə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ȵioX/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jyu5
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*noʔ/
English milk; nipple

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10868
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njoʔ/

Definitions

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  1. (literary) to breastfeed; to suckle
  2. breast; nipples
  3. milk; breast milk
      ―    ―  breast milk; mother's milk
    交融  ―  shuǐjiāoróng  ―  to get along well
  4. milk- or cheese-like substance
  5. newborn; young and small
      ―  zhū  ―  suckling pig
  6. to multiply; to proliferate; to reproduce; to breed

Synonyms

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  • (to breastfeed):
  • (breast):
  • (milk):
  • 乳汁 (rǔzhī)
  • 唧唧 (ji4 ji4) (Xiang, childish)
  • (nǎi) (literary, or in compounds)
  • 奶唧唧 (lai3 ji4 ji4) (Xiang, childish)
  • 奶奶 (Sichuanese, childish in Cantonese, Wu, childish in Cantonese)
  • 奶子 (nǎizi) (dialectal, colloquial)
  • 奶水 (nǎishuǐ)
  • 奶汁 (nǎizhī)
  • (young and small): 幼小 (yòuxiǎo)
  • (to multiply):

Compounds

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Japanese

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Shinjitai
Kyūjitai
[1]

乳󠄁
+&#xE0101;?
(Adobe-Japan1)
 
乳󠄃
+&#xE0103;?
(Hanyo-Denshi)
(Moji_Joho)
The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
See here for details.

Kanji

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(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

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Compounds

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Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term
ちち
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(ちち) (chichi

  1. (dated) milk
  2. breast (of a woman, of a female mammal)
Synonyms
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Derived terms
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Descendants
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  • Korean: 찌찌 (jjijji)

Etymology 2

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Kanji in this term

Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Pronunciation

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Noun

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() (chi

  1. (archaic) milk
  2. (archaic) breast
Derived terms
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References

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  1. ^ ”, in 漢字ぺディア [Kanjipedia]‎[1] (in Japanese), The Japan Kanji Aptitude Testing Foundation, 2015–2024
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN

Korean

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Etymology

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From Middle Chinese (MC nyuX).

Historical Readings
Dongguk Jeongun Reading
Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 ᅀᅲᆼ〯 (Yale: zyǔ)
Middle Korean
Text Eumhun
Gloss (hun) Reading
Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[2] 졋〮 (Yale: cyés) ᅀᅲ〯 (Yale: zyǔ)

Pronunciation

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Hanja

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Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (jeot yu))

  1. Hanja form? of (breast).
  2. Hanja form? of (milk).

Compounds

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References

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  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Việt readings: nhũ[1][2][3]
: Nôm readings: [1][3][4], nhỏ[1][2], nhủ[1][2], nhũ[2][4], nhả[2], nhỗ[3], nhú[5]

  1. chữ Hán form of nhũ (breast).
  2. Nôm form of (breast).

Compounds

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References

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