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U+4E73, 乳
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E73

[U+4E72]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E74]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 5 +7, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月木山 (BDU), four-corner 22410, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 84, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 190
  • Dae Jaweon: page 171, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 55, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4E73

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*noːʔ
*njoʔ

Pictogram (象形): A woman breastfeeding a child.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-nəw.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • nĕng/nèng - colloquial;
  • ṳ̄ - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (38)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵɨoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵioX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑioX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵuə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ȵioX/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*noʔ/
English milk; nipple

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10868
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njoʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. breast; nipples
  2. milk
  3. to suckle

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
ちち
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ちち, rōmaji chichi)

  1. milk
  2. breast

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 6
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji chi)

  1. milk
  2. breast

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(yu) (hangeul , revised yu, McCune-Reischauer yu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nhũ, , nhú, nhỗ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit