U+6B72, 歲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6B72

[U+6B71]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6B73]
See also: , , , and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 77 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜一戈竹竹 (YMIHH), four-corner 21253, composition𣥂)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 577, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16326
  • Dae Jaweon: page 967, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1443, character 20
  • Unihan data for U+6B72

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms
𫞓

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰʷaːds, *qʷrad, *qʷad
*qʰʷaːds
*qʰʷaːds
*qʰʷaːds, *qʷaːds, *qʷads, *qʰʷaːd
*sqʰʷads, *sqʰʷad
*kʷrads
*qʰʷads
*qʷads
*qʷads
*qʷads
*qʷads
*qʰʷaːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sqʰʷads, *sqʰʷad): semantic  + phonetic (OC *ɢʷad).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • huói - vernacular;
  • suói - literary.
Note:
  • sòe - literary;
  • hèr/hè/hòe - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /suei⁵¹/
Harbin /suei⁵³/
Tianjin /suei⁵³/
Jinan /suei²¹/
Qingdao /sue⁴²/
Zhengzhou /suei³¹²/
Xi'an /suei²¹/
Xining /suɨ²¹³/
Yinchuan /suei¹³/
Lanzhou /suei¹³/
Ürümqi /suei²¹³/
Wuhan /sei³⁵/
Chengdu /suei¹³/
Guiyang /suei²¹³/
Kunming /suei²¹²/
Nanjing /suəi⁴⁴/
Hefei /se⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /suei⁴⁵/
Pingyao /suei³⁵/
Hohhot /suei⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /sø³⁵/
Suzhou /se̞⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /sz̩ʷei⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /sz̩⁴²/
Hui Shexian /ɕye³²⁴/
/ɕy³²⁴/
Tunxi /se⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /sei⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /səi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /sui⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sui⁵³/
Taoyuan /se⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /søy³³/
Nanning /ɬui³³/
Hong Kong /søy³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sue²¹/
/he²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huɔi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xuɛ³³/
/sy³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sue²¹³/
/hue²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sui³⁵/
/hue³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (36)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siuᴇiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/sʷiɛiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/siuæiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/swiajH/
Li
Rong
/siuɛiH/
Wang
Li
/sĭwɛiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯wɛiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
suì
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
suì
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjwejH ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-qʷʰat-s/
English year

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 12165 12175
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sqʰʷads/ /*sqʰʷad/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. a year of the duodecennial Jovian orbital cycle or of the sexagenary cycle based upon it, (chiefly) used in discussion of age.
    /   ―  Nǐ jǐsuì?  ―  How old are you?
    今年十八 / 今年十八  ―  Wǒ jīnnián shíbā suì.  ―  I am 18 years old this year.
  2. Tai Sui, the god representing each of these years
  3. age
  4. time; period
  5. crop harvests of the year

Usage noteEdit

Ages in are traditionally reckoned using the Chinese lunar calendar, beginning with 1 at the moment of birth and increasing not during birthdays but at the Chinese New Year.

See alsoEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(se) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer se, Yale sey)

  1. Age (counter)
  2. Year

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tuế, tuổi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.