Open main menu

ChineseEdit

trad. (瑪瑙)
simp. (玛瑙)
alternative forms 碼瑙码瑙
馬瑙马瑙
馬腦马脑

EtymologyEdit

From earlier 馬腦 (mǎnǎo, “horse's brain”), a calque of Sanskrit अश्मगर्भ (aśmagarbha, emerald [horse + kernel]).

Compare Tibetan རྟ་ཀླད (rta klad, agate [horse + brain]), said to be a Chinese calque, which is later semantically regularised into རྡོ་ཀླད (rdo klad, agate [stone + brain]).

PronunciationEdit



Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 8720 9372
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mraːʔ/ /*nuːʔ/
Notes

NounEdit

瑪瑙

  1. (mineralogy) agate

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (瑪瑙):
  • Japanese: 瑪瑙 (めのう) (menō)
  • Korean: 마노 (瑪瑙, mano)
  • Vietnamese: mã não (瑪瑙)

JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
のう
Hyōgaiji
goon
Alternative spelling 馬瑙

EtymologyEdit

/menau//menɔː//menoː/

First attested in the Nihon Shoki (720 CE).[1]

From Middle Chinese 瑪瑙 (MC *mˠaX nɑuX).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

瑪瑙 (hiragana めのう, katakana メノウ, rōmaji menō, historical hiragana めなう, historical katakana メナウ)

  1. (mineralogy) an agate

Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

瑪瑙 (hiragana めのう, rōmaji Menō, historical hiragana めなう)

  1. a female given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

瑪瑙 (mano) (hangeul 마노)

  1. Hanja form? of 마노 (agate).

VietnameseEdit

NounEdit

瑪瑙

  1. Hán tự form of mã não (agate).