U+77EE, 矮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-77EE

[U+77ED]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+77EF]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 111, +8, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人大竹木女 (OKHDV), four-corner 82444, composition )

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 825, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23995
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1238, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2585, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+77EE

Chinese edit

trad.
simp. #
2nd round simp.

Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *qraːlʔ): semantic + phonetic (OC *qrol, *qrolʔ).

Pronunciation edit


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.
Note:
  • óe/é - vernacular;
  • ái - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ai²¹⁴/
    Harbin /ai²¹³/
    /nai²¹³/
    Tianjin /nai¹³/
    Jinan /iɛ⁵⁵/
    /ŋɛ⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /iɛ⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ai⁵³/
    Xi'an /ŋai⁵³/
    Xining /nɛ⁵³/
    Yinchuan /ɛ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ɛ⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /ai⁵¹/
    Wuhan /ŋai⁴²/
    Chengdu /ŋai⁵³/
    Guiyang /ŋai⁴²/
    /ai⁴²/
    Kunming /æ⁵³/
    Nanjing /ae²¹²/
    Hefei /ʐe̞²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɣai⁵³/
    Pingyao /ŋæ⁵³/
    Hohhot /ŋɛ⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /a³⁵/
    Suzhou /ɑ⁵¹/
    Hangzhou /ʔie̞⁵³/
    Wenzhou /a³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /ŋa³⁵/
    Tunxi /ŋa³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ŋai⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /ŋai⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /ŋai²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /ai³¹/
    Taoyuan /ɑi³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋɐi³⁵/
    Nanning /ɐi³⁵/
    Hong Kong /ŋɐi³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ai⁵³/
    /ue⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ɛ³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ai²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /oi⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ɔi²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (31)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Baxter 'eaX
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔˠɛX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔᵚæX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔæiX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔaɨjX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔɛX/
    Wang
    Li
    /aiX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔaiX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    aai2
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 12885
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qraːlʔ/

    Definitions edit

    1. (of stature) short
      Antonym: (gāo)
      個子个子  ―  Tā gèzi ǎi.  ―  He is short.
    2. low (of less than normal height)
        ―  ǎi qiáng  ―  low wall
      [Cantonese]  ―  zoeng1 dang3 taai3 ai2 laa3. [Jyutping]  ―  The chair is too low.
    3. (Mainland China Hokkien) to fall short (compared to someone else)

    Synonyms edit

    See also edit

    Compounds edit

    References edit

    Japanese edit

    Kanji edit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. small, little, dwarf

    Readings edit

    Compounds edit

    Korean edit

    Hanja edit

    (wae) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer wae, Yale way)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Nôm readings: ải

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.