See also:
U+9AD8, 高
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9AD8

[U+9AD7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9AD9]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Alternative formsEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 189, +0, 10 strokes, cangjie input 卜口月口 (YRBR), four-corner 00227, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #189, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1451, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45313
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1979, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4593, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9AD8

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Cantonese)

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
                 

Pictogram (象形) – a picture of a building. compare to .

EtymologyEdit

Possibly from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m/s-gaw (head). However, (OC *ŋon, “head”) instead is more likely to be related to this Proto-Sino-Tibetan root given its significant semantic agreement (Schuessler, 2007).

Likely allofams are (OC *ɡrew, “tall”), and perhaps (OC *ɡuːʔ, “vast”) (although the vowels do not agree).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kau - vernacular;
  • ko/ko͘ - literary (including surname).
Note: go1 - surname.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑu/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑu/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaw/
Li
Rong
/kɑu/
Wang
Li
/kɑu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gāo
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gāo
Middle
Chinese
‹ kaw ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.[k]ˁaw/
English high, tall

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3726
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːw/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. tall; high
    特別 / 特别  ―  Zhè zuò shān tèbié gāo.  ―  This mountain is especially tall.
    生得女仔 [Cantonese, trad. and simp.]
    saang1 dak1 gou1 ge3 neoi5 zai2 [Jyutping]
    a tall girl
    唔好 [Cantonese, trad.]
    唔好 [Cantonese, simp.]
    M4 hou2 baai2 dak1 gam3 gou1 laa1. [Jyutping]
    Don't put it so high.
  2. of high level; above average
    價格 / 价格  ―  hěn gāo de jiàgé  ―  high price
      ―  gāo tángliàng  ―  high sugar content
    血壓 / 血压  ―  gāoxuèyā  ―  high blood sugar
    標準 / 标准  ―  hěn gāo de biāozhǔn  ―  high standard
  3. loud
      ―  gāo  ―  to sing loudly
  4. (honorific) your
  5. A surname​, Gao (surname)

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

  • (tall): (ǎi, “short”)
  • (high): (, “low”)

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (こう) ()
  • Korean: (, go)
  • Vietnamese: cao ()

JapaneseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. tall
  2. high

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
たか
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(たか) (taka

  1. maximum, the limit
IdiomsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 2
on’yomi

PrefixEdit

(こう) (kō-[3]

  1. high, higher
    (こう)(がく)(れき)
    kō-gakureki
    high academic achievement; higher education

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ Yoshiro Kojima, Shigeru Takebayashi, Keisuke Nakao, and Hideo Masuda, editors (2005) Luminous Japanese-English Dictionary, second edition, Kenkyusha

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 높을 (nopeul go))

  1. Hanja form? of (high, tall).

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Việt readings: cao ((cổ)(lao)(thiết))[1][2][3][4]
: Nôm readings: cao[1][2][3][4][5][6], sào[3][7][6], kiêu[1]

  1. Hán tự form of cao (high; tall).
  2. Nôm form of sào (pole; stick).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit