See also:
U+9AD8, 高
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9AD8

[U+9AD7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9AD9]
U+2FBC, ⾼
KANGXI RADICAL TALL

[U+2FBB]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2FBD]

Translingual

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Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Alternative forms

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 189, +0, 10 strokes, cangjie input 卜口月口 (YRBR), four-corner 00227, composition )

  1. Kangxi radical #189, .

Derived characters

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See also

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1451, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45313
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1979, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4593, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9AD8

Chinese

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Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Cantonese)

Glyph origin

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Pictogram (象形) – a tall building. Compare .

Etymology 1

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simp. and trad.
2nd round simp. ⿳㇔乛龴
alternative forms
“tall”

Possibly from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m/s-gaw (head). Compare with Burmese ခေါင်း (hkaung:, head). However, (OC *ŋon, “head”) instead is more likely to be related to this Proto-Sino-Tibetan root given its significant semantic agreement (Schuessler, 2007).

Likely allofams are (OC *ɡrew, “tall”), and perhaps (OC *ɡuːʔ, “vast”) (although the vowels do not agree).

Pronunciation

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Note: gau2 - in 上高 (siang5 gau2).
Note:
  • kau - vernacular;
  • ko/ko͘ - literary (including surname).
Note: go1 - surname.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter kaw
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑu/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑu/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaw/
Li
Rong
/kɑu/
Wang
Li
/kɑu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gāo
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gou1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gāo
Middle
Chinese
‹ kaw ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.[k]ˁaw/
English high, tall

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3726
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːw/

Definitions

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  1. tall; high
      ―  gāoyuán  ―  plateau
    特別特别  ―  Zhè zuò shān tèbié gāo.  ―  This mountain is especially tall.
    生得女仔 [Cantonese, trad. and simp.]
    saang1 dak1 gou1 ge3 neoi5 zai2 [Jyutping]
    a tall girl
    唔好 [Cantonese, trad.]
    唔好 [Cantonese, simp.]
    m4 hou2 baai2 dak1 gam3 gou1 laa1. [Jyutping]
    Don't put it so high.
  2. of high level; above average
    價格价格  ―  hěn gāo de jiàgé  ―  high price
      ―  gāo tángliàng  ―  high sugar content
    標準标准  ―  hěn gāo de biāozhǔn  ―  very high standard
    年級年级  ―  gāo niánjí  ―  higher/senior grades
      ―  Wǒ bǐ tā gāo yī bān.  ―  I am one year above him.
  3. high place
    臨下临下  ―  gāolínxià  ―  to occupy a high position and look down
  4. loud
      ―  gāo  ―  to sing loudly
  5. (geometry) altitude
    梯形  ―  qiú tīxíng de gāo  ―  find the altitude of the trapezium
  6. (honorific) your
  7. (chemistry) per-
    錳酸鉀锰酸钾  ―  gāoměngsuānjiǎ  ―  potassium permanganate
  8. a surname, Gao (surname)
      ―  Gāo Shì  ―  Gao Shi (Tang dynasty poet)
Synonyms
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Antonyms
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  • (antonym(s) of tall): (ǎi, “short”)
  • (antonym(s) of high): (, “low”)

Descendants

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  • English: Gao, Kao, Ko

Compounds

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic ():

Etymology 2

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simp. and trad.

Pronunciation

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Note: guain5 - Chaoyang.

Definitions

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  1. (Min) Alternative form of (tall; high)

References

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Japanese

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Alternative forms

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Kanji

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(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. tall
  2. high

Readings

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Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term
たか
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(たか) (taka

  1. maximum, the limit
Idioms
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Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (kaw).

Prefix

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(こう) (kō-[3]

  1. high, higher
    (こう)(がく)(れき)
    -gakureki
    high academic achievement; higher education
    (こう)画質(がしつ)
    -gashitsu
    high image quality

References

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN
  3. ^ Yoshiro Kojima, Shigeru Takebayashi, Keisuke Nakao, and Hideo Masuda, editors (2005), Luminous Japanese-English Dictionary, second edition, Kenkyusha

Korean

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Etymology

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Middle Korean readings, if any”)

Pronunciation

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Hanja

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Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 높을 (nopeul go))

  1. Hanja form? of (high, tall).

Compounds

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Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Việt readings: cao ((cổ)(lao)(thiết))[1][2][3][4]
: Nôm readings: cao[1][2][3][4][5][6], sào[3][7][6], kiêu[1]

  1. chữ Hán form of cao (high; tall).
  2. Nôm form of sào (pole; stick).
  3. Chữ Hán form of Cao (a surname from Chinese.).

Compounds

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References

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