U+4F4E, 低
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F4E

[U+4F4D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F4F]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 9, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人竹心一 (OHPM) or 人竹女戈 (OHVI), four-corner 22240, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 98, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 504
  • Dae Jaweon: page 207, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 137, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4F4E

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tiːl): semantic (man, person) + phonetic (OC *tiːl, *til) – a person lowering themselves, bowing.

Etymology 1Edit

Cognate with (OC *tiːlʔ, “bottom”), (OC *tiːl, *tiːlʔ, *tiːls, “root of a tree; base”), Tibetan མཐིལ (mthil, bottom; floor) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tei/
Pan
Wuyun
/tei/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tɛj/
Li
Rong
/tei/
Wang
Li
/tiei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tiei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
dai1
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2234
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tiːl/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. low (of height)
  2. low (of quantity); behind average
    他們抱怨工資 [MSC, trad.]
    他们抱怨工资 [MSC, simp.]
    Tāmen bàoyuàn gōngzī guò . [Pinyin]
    They complained that the wages were too low.
    豆漿 / 豆浆  ―  táng de gāo xiān dòujiāng  ―  Low Sugar, High Fiber Soy Milk
  3. low (of voice); quiet; soft
  4. to lower; to hang (one's head); to bend; to bow
SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Min Nan) Alternative form of (“low”).

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. low
  2. short
  3. humble

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 낮을 (najeul jeo))

  1. Hanja form? of (low).
  2. Hanja form? of (cheap).

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: đây, đay, đê

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit