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U+4F4E, 低
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F4E

[U+4F4D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F4F]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 9, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人竹心一 (OHPM) or 人竹女戈 (OHVI), four-corner 22240, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 98, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 504
  • Dae Jaweon: page 207, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 137, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4F4E

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tiːl
*tiːl, *til
*tiːl
*tiːl
*tiːl, *djilʔ
*tiːl, *dil
*tiːl
*tiːl, *tiːls
*tiːl, *tiːlʔ, *tiːls
*tiːlʔ
*tiːlʔ
*tiːlʔ, *diːl
*tiːlʔ, *tjelʔ, *dil
*tiːlʔ
*tiːlʔ
*tiːlʔ
*tiːlʔ
*tiːlʔ
*tiːls
*tjelʔ, *tjil, *tjilʔ, *tjils
*til
*til
*til
*dil
*dil
*dil
*dil
*dil
*tjil
*tjilʔ, *tjɯʔ
*tjilʔ
*tʰjil
*kjeʔ, *tjil

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tiːl): semantic  (man, person) + phonetic  (OC *tiːl, *til) – a person lowering themselves, bowing.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • te/ti - literary;
  • kě/kē/kēe - vernacular (俗), 下 is also used.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (5)
    Final () (39)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tei/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tei/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tɛi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tɛj/
    Li
    Rong
    /tei/
    Wang
    Li
    /tiei/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tiei/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2234
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tiːl/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. low (of height)
    2. low (of quantity); behind average
    3. low (of voice); quiet; soft
    4. to lower; to hang (one's head); to bend; to bow

    CompoundsEdit

    See alsoEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. low
    2. short
    3. humble

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (jeo)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: jeo, McCune–Reischauer: cho, Yale: ce)
      • Name (hangeul): 낮다
    1. low
    2. cheap


    • 低廉 (저렴,jeoryeom) : cheap
    • 低涑 (저속,jeosok) : slow



    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (đây, đay, đê)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit