U+814B, 腋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-814B

[U+814A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+814C]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 130, +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 月卜人大 (BYOK), four-corner 70247, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 986, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29615
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1439, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2090, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+814B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *laːɡ): semantic (flesh) + phonetic (OC *laːɡs).

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *lak ~ *C-jak (arm; hand; wing), either via *jak (STEDT; Schuessler, 2007) or *lak (Shi, 2000; Handel, 2009). Compare Mizo zak (armpit), Tibetan ལག་པ (lag pa, arm; hand), Burmese လက် (lak, arm; hand).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (36)
Final () (123)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiᴇk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiɛk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/iæk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jiajk̚/
Li
Rong
/iɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/jĭɛk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ɛk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ yek ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ](r)Ak/
English armpit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15000
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*laːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. armpit; underarm; axilla
  2. (botany) axil
  3. Alternative form of (, “to help; to assist”).

SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. armpit, underarm, axilla

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): えき (eki); せき (seki)
  • Kun: わき (waki, )

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC jiᴇk̚). Recorded as Middle Korean ᄋᆡᆨ〮 (Yale: óyk) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

PronunciationEdit

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 겨드랑이 (gyeodeurang-i aek))

  1. Hanja form? of (armpit).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: dạ; dịch; nách; nịch

  1. Nôm form of nách (armpit).