TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(water) + phonetic  – a liquid, like water.

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水卜人大 (EYOK), four-corner 30147, composition)

  1. sap, juice, liquid, fluid

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 628, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17586
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1029, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1658, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6DB2

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (液), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 昔
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 羊益切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jiᴇk̚/ /i̯ɛk̚/ /iɛk̚/ /jiɛk̚/ /jiajk̚/ /jĭɛk̚/ /iæk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ yek › /*ɢrAk/ fluid

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15003 0 /*laːɡ/

NounEdit

  1. liquid, fluid
    /   ―    ―  bodily fluid

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. liquid

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
えき
Grade: 5
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(yek, liquid).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana えき, romaji eki)

  1. liquid

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(aek) (hangeul , revised aek, McCune-Reischauer aek, Yale ayk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(dịch, giá)

  1. sap, juice, liquid, fluid
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