U+8170, 腰
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8170

[U+816F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8171]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 130 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 月一田女 (BMWV), four-corner 71244, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 989, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29705
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1441, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2094, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8170

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qew
*qew, *qews
*qew, *qews, *qeːw, *qeːwʔ
*qew
*qewʔ
*qeːwʔ
*qeːwʔ
*qeːwʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qew): semantic  (flesh) + phonetic  (OC *qew, *qews).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • io - vernacular;
  • iau - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (91)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔiᴇu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔiɛu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔjæu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔiaw/
Li
Rong
/ʔiɛu/
Wang
Li
/ĭɛu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ɛu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yāo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yāo
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjiew ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔew/
English waist

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14747
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qew/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (anatomy) waist (Classifier: c)
  2. waist of clothes
  3. kidney; edible animal kidney
  4. purse; pockets
  5. middle part

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. hips, loins, lower back

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana こし, rōmaji koshi)

  1. waist, the (lower) back, the small of the back
  2. (anatomy) hip
  3. the skirting of a shoji
  4. the third line of a tanka poem

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(yo) (hangeul , revised yo, McCune-Reischauer yo, Yale yo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(yêu, ro, eo, oeo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.