Open main menu
See also: and 𦜝
U+81CD, 臍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81CD

[U+81CC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81CE]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
(extended)
𦜝
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 130, +14, 18 strokes, cangjie input 月卜X (BYX), four-corner 70223, composition)

  1. abdominal area of a crab
  2. navel

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*zriːl
*zriːl, *ʔsliːl, *zliːl
*ʔsriːl
*ʔsleds, *ʔsliːls, *zliːls
*ʔsliːl, *ʔsliːls
*ʔsliːl, *ʔsliːls
*ʔsliːl
*ʔsliːl, *ʔslil
*ʔsliːl
*ʔsliːl, *sʰliːl, *zliːls
*ʔsliːl, *ʔsliːls
*ʔsliːl
*ʔsliːl
*ʔsliːlʔ, *ʔsliːls
*ʔsliːlʔ, *zliːl, *zliːlʔ, *zliːls
*ʔsliːls
*zliːl, *zliːls
*zliːl
*zliːl, *zlil
*zliːl, *zliːls
*zliːlʔ, *zlil
*zliːlʔ
*zliːls
*zliːls, *ʔslel
*ʔslil

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zliːl): semantic  (meat; flesh) + phonetic  (OC *zliːl, *zliːls).

EtymologyEdit

Probably from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-taj (navel; abdomen; centre; self) (Weidert, 1987; Schuessler, 2007). Cognate with Tibetan ལྟེ (lte, navel), Chepang तोय्‌ (navel).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • châi - vernacular;
  • chê - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Note:

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (15)
    Final () (39)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡zei/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡zei/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡zɛi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡zɛj/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡zei/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡ziei/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /d͡zʱiei/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzej ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[dz]ˁ[ə]j/
    English navel

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10053
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*zliːl/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. navel

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of 肚臍 (“navel; belly button”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 肚臍
    Mandarin Beijing 肚臍兒肚臍眼兒
    Taiwan 肚臍肚臍眼
    Tianjin 肚眼兒
    Harbin 肚臍眼兒肚臍子
    Hailar 肚臍眼
    Ulan Hot 肚臍眼
    Tongliao 肚臍眼
    Chifeng 肚臍兒
    Bayanhot 肚母臍臍
    Jinan 脖臍脖臍眼兒
    Muping 閉臍閉臍眼子
    Luoyang 肚臍兒肚目臍兒
    Jiedian 不臍窩
    Xi'an 脖臍窩兒
    Qingdao 肚臍眼兒腹臍眼兒
    Zhengzhou 肚末臍兒
    Xining 蒲臍眼
    Xuzhou 肚眼兒肚眼子肚臍兒肚臍
    Yinchuan 肚母臍臍
    Lanzhou 肚母臍
    Ürümqi 肚目臍子
    Wuhan 肚臍眼
    Chengdu 肚臍兒肚臍眼兒
    Guiyang 肚臍眼一分錢 humorous
    Guilin 肚臍眼
    Liuzhou 肚臍眼肚臍
    Yangzhou 肚臍子
    Nanjing 肚臍眼兒
    Nantong 肚臍眼兒
    Cantonese Guangzhou 肚臍肚臍窿
    Hong Kong 肚臍肚臍窿
    Shunde 肚臍
    Foshan 肚臍
    Zhongshan 肚臍
    Dongguan 屎肚臍肚臍屎卜臍
    Hong Kong (Weitou) 肚臍
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 肚臍
    Taishan 肚臍
    Kaiping 肚臍
    Shaoguan 肚臍
    Yunfu 肚臍
    Xinyi 肚臍
    Lianjiang 肚臍
    Nanning 肚臍
    Wuzhou 肚臍
    Yulin 肚臍
    Hepu 肚臍
    Kuala Lumpur 肚臍
    Gan Nanchang 肚臍眼
    Lichuan 肚胔眼
    Pingxiang 脖子眼肚絲眼
    Hakka Meixian 肚臍窟
    Luchuan 肚臍眼
    Yudu 肚臍肚臍眼
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 肚臍肚臍窟
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 肚臍肚臍窟
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 肚臍肚臍窟
    Dongshi (Dabu) 肚臍肚臍窟
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 肚臍肚臍窟
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 腹臍腹臍窟
    Hong Kong 肚臍
    Senai 肚臍
    Huizhou Jixi 肚臍
    Jin Taiyuan 肚不臍
    Xinzhou 木臍
    Baochang 肚臍眼
    Jining 肚摸臍
    Hohhot 肚麼臍臍
    Baotou 肚摸臍
    Dongsheng 肚臍兒
    Linhe 肚臍
    Haibowan 肚部臍
    Min Bei Jian'ou 腹臍
    Dikou 腹臍
    Songxi 腹臍
    Zhenghe 腹臍
    Zhenqian 腹鹵臍
    Jianyang 腹臍
    Wuyishan 腹臍
    Shibei 腹臍
    Min Dong Fuzhou 腹臍
    Changle 腹臍
    Fuqing 腹臍
    Yongtai 腹肚臍
    Gutian 腹臍
    Fu'an 腹臍
    Ningde 腹臍
    Shouning 腹臍
    Zhouning 腹臍
    Fuding 腹臍
    Min Nan Xiamen 肚臍空腹臍
    Quanzhou 腹臍
    Zhangzhou 肚臍空
    Taipei 肚臍
    Kaohsiung 肚臍
    Penang 肚臍
    Pingnan 肚臍
    Johor Bahru 肚臍
    Haikou 肚臍
    Pinghua Nanning 肚臍
    Guilin 肚臍眼
    Wu Shanghai 肚皮眼肚臍肚臍眼
    Suzhou 肚臍眼
    Hangzhou 肚臍眼兒
    Wenzhou 肚臍窟肚臍丼
    Chongming 肚皮子
    Danyang 肚臍眼肚皮眼
    Jinhua 肚臍肚臍窟窿
    Ningbo 肚臍眼
    Xiang Changsha 肚臍眼
    Loudi 肚臍眼
    Quanzhou 肚臍眼肚臍

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    𦜝

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form 𦜝)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    • Go-on: ざい (zai)
    • Kan-on: せい (sei)
    • Kun: へそ (heso, ); ほぞ (hozo, )

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    へそ
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana へそ, rōmaji heso)

    1. (anatomy) navel
    See alsoEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ほぞ
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ほぞ, rōmaji hozo)

    1. (anatomy) navel

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (je) (hangeul , revised je, McCune–Reischauer che, Yale cey)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.