See also: and
U+9F4B, 齋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9F4B

[U+9F4A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9F4C]

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 210, +3, 17 strokes, cangjie input 卜X火 (YXF), four-corner 00223, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1531, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48565
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2069, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4785, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+9F4B

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsriːl): phonetic  (OC *zliːl, *zliːls) + semantic  (god; deity).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • che - vernacular;
  • chai - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂai⁵⁵/
    Harbin /t͡sai⁴⁴/
    /ʈ͡ʂai⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡sai²¹/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂɛ²¹³/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂɛ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂai²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡sai²¹/
    Xining /t͡sɛ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂɛ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂɛ³¹/
    Ürümqi /t͡sai⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /t͡sai⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡sai⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /t͡sai⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂæ⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂae³¹/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂe̞²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sai¹¹/
    Pingyao /t͡sæ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡sɛ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡se⁵³/
    Suzhou /t͡sɑ⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡se̞³³/
    Wenzhou /t͡sa³³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sa³¹/
    Tunxi /t͡sa¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sai³³/
    Xiangtan /t͡sai³³/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sai⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sai⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /t͡sɑi²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sai⁵³/
    Nanning /t͡sai⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /t͡sai⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sai⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɛ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sai⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡se³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sai²³/
    /t͡sɛ²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (18)
    Final () (33)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ʃˠɛi/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈ͡ʂᵚæi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ʃɐi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈ͡ʂəɨj/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ʃɛi/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ʃɐi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʈ͡ʂăi/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhāi
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhāi
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsreaj ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tsˁr[ə]j/
    English purify oneself

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10031
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsriːl/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (historical) to show one's piety before offering sacrifices and other ceremonies in ancient times, by abstaining from meat and alcohol, bathing oneself and clearing one's mind of distracting thoughts
    2. solemn; earnest
    3. vegetarian diet (often adopted for religious reasons)
      /   ―  chīzhāi  ―  to be a vegetarian
    4. fasting
      /   ―  zhāiyuè  ―  Ramadan
    5. (Buddhism, Taoism) religious ceremony (Classifier: c)
    6. (Cantonese) plain; dull; boring; dry
      / [Cantonese]  ―  zaai1 fe1 [Jyutping]  ―  black coffee
      早餐淨係麵包 [Cantonese, trad.]
      早餐净系面包 [Cantonese, simp.]
      Zou2 caan1 zing6 hai6 sik6 faai3 min6 baau1 wui5 m4 wui5 zaai1 zo2 di1 ne1? [Jyutping]
      Wouldn't it be a bit dull to just have a piece of bread for breakfast?
    7. (Cantonese) purely; only; just
      / [Cantonese]  ―  zaai1 ap1 [Jyutping]  ―  to just talk
      / [Cantonese]  ―  zaai1 tai2 m4 maai5 [Jyutping]  ―  to just browse around and not buy anything; to window-shop
    8. to give alms to monks
    9. study (room); studio
    10. house; shop; building
    11. A surname​.

    SynonymsEdit

    • (vegetarian diet): 素食 (sùshí)

    AntonymsEdit

    • (non-vegetarian): (hūn)

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    • Thai: เจ (jee)

    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    • On (unclassified): さい (sai), (shi)
    • Kun: ものいみ (monoimi), つつしむ (tsutsushimu)

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 엄숙할 (eomsukhal jae))
    (eumhun (jip jae))
    (eumhun 상복 (sangbok jae))
    (eumhun 재계할 (jaegyehal jae))
    (eumhun 공부방 (gongbubang jae))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: trai ((trang)(giai)(thiết))[1][2][3][4][5], chay[4]
    : Nôm readings: chay[1][2][3][4][5][6], trai[2][7][4][5][6], chai[1], rai[1], chây[3], trơi[7]

    1. Hán tự form of trai (to abstain; to fast).
    2. Nôm form of chay (to abstain; to fast).

    ReferencesEdit