See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 210 +3, 17 strokes, cangjie input 卜X火 (YXF), four-corner 00223, composition)

  1. vegetarian diet
  2. study (room)
  3. to fast, abstain

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1531, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48565
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2069, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4785, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+9F4B

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂai⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡sai⁴⁴/
/ʈ͡ʂai⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sai²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂɛ²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂɛ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂai²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡sai²¹/
Xining /t͡sɛ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂɛ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂɛ³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡sai⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡sai⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sai⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡sai⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂæ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂae³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂe̞²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sai¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sæ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sɛ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡se⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sɑ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡se̞³³/
Wenzhou /t͡sa³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sa³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sa¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sai³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sai³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sai⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sai⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡sɑi²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sai⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sai⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sai⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sai⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɛ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sai⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡se³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sai²³/
/t͡sɛ²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (18)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃɣɛi/ /ʈ͡ʂăi/ /t͡ʃɛi/ /ʈ͡ʂɯæi/ /ʈ͡ʂəɨj/ /t͡ʃɐi/ /t͡ʃɐi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhāi ‹ tsrɛj › /*tsˤr[ə]j/ purify oneself

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10031 1 /*ʔsriːl/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. a vegetarian diet; or, the diet of monks
    /   ―  chīzhāi  ―  to abstain from eating meat
    /   ―  zhāiyuè  ―  Ramadan

SynonymsEdit

  • (a vegetarian diet): 素食 (sùshí)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jae)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: jae, McCune-Reischauer: chae, Yale: cay)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(trai, trơi, chay, chây)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit

Read in another language