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U+9F4B, 齋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9F4B

[U+9F4A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9F4C]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 210 +3, 17 strokes, cangjie input 卜X火 (YXF), four-corner 00223, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1531, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48565
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2069, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4785, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+9F4B

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
zriːl
zriːl, *ʔsliːl, *zliːl
ʔsriːl
ʔsleds, *ʔsliːls, *zliːls
ʔsliːl, *ʔsliːls
ʔsliːl, *ʔsliːls
ʔsliːl
ʔsliːl, *ʔslil
ʔsliːl
ʔsliːl, *sʰliːl, *zliːls
ʔsliːl, *ʔsliːls
ʔsliːl
ʔsliːl
ʔsliːlʔ, *ʔsliːls
ʔsliːlʔ, *zliːl, *zliːlʔ, *zliːls
ʔsliːls
zliːl, *zliːls
zliːl
zliːl, *zlil
zliːl, *zliːls
zliːlʔ, *zlil
zliːlʔ
zliːls
zliːls, *ʔslel
ʔslil

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsriːl): phonetic  (OC *zliːl, *zliːls) + semantic  (god; deity).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • che - vernacular;
  • chai - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂai⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡sai⁴⁴/
/ʈ͡ʂai⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sai²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂɛ²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂɛ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂai²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡sai²¹/
Xining /t͡sɛ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂɛ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂɛ³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡sai⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡sai⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sai⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡sai⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂæ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂae³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂe̞²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sai¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sæ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sɛ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡se⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sɑ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡se̞³³/
Wenzhou /t͡sa³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sa³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sa¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sai³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sai³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sai⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sai⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡sɑi²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sai⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sai⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sai⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sai⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɛ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sai⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡se³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sai²³/
/t͡sɛ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (18)
Final () (33)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃˠɛi/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂᵚæi/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃɐi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂəɨj/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃɛi/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃɐi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂăi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhāi
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10031
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsriːl/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (historical) to show one's piety before offering sacrifices and other ceremonies in ancient times, by abstaining from meat and wine, bathing oneself and clearing one's mind of distracting thoughts
  2. solemn; earnest
  3. vegetarian diet (often adopted for religious reasons)
    /   ―  chīzhāi  ―  to be a vegetarian
  4. fasting
    /   ―  zhāiyuè  ―  Ramadan
  5. (Buddhism, Taoism) religious ceremony (Classifier: c)
  6. (Cantonese) plain; dull; boring; dry
    / [Cantonese]  ―  zaai1 fe1 [Jyutping]  ―  black coffee
    早餐淨係麵包 [Cantonese, trad.]
    早餐净系面包 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Zou2 caan1 zing6 hai6 sik6 faai3 min6 baau1 wui5 m4 wui5 zaai1 zo2 di1 ne1? [Jyutping]
    Wouldn't it be a bit dull to just have a piece of bread for breakfast?
  7. (Cantonese) purely; only; just
    / [Cantonese]  ―  zaai1 ap1 [Jyutping]  ―  to just talk
    / [Cantonese]  ―  zaai1 tai2 m4 maai5 [Jyutping]  ―  to just browse around and not buy anything; to window-shop
  8. to give alms to monks
  9. study (room); studio
  10. house; shop; building
  11. A surname​.

SynonymsEdit

  • (vegetarian diet): 素食 (sùshí)

AntonymsEdit

  • (non-vegetarian): (hūn)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jae)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(trai, trơi, chay, chây)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit