U+8179, 腹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8179

[U+8178]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+817A]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 130, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 月人日水 (BOAE), four-corner 78247, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 990, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29722
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1442, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2097, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8179

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *puɡ): semantic  (meat, body) + phonetic  (OC *buɡ) – a part of the body.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *puːk ~ buːk (cave). Cognate with 𥨍 (“cave”), Proto-Tibeto-Burman *d-puːk (belly; vitals; hollow object; cave), whence Tibetan ཕུག་པ (phug pa, cavern; cave), Mizo puːk (cave), Ao [Term?] ([tə]-puk làŋ, abdomen; belly), Proto-Bodo-Garo *bi(ʔ)-buk (guts).

According to Schuessler (2007), this etymon also occurs in Austroasiatic; compare Khmer ពោះ (pŭəh, belly), Khasi kpoh (belly).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • bók - vernacular;
  • hók - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • pak - vernacular;
    • hok - literary.
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (4)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pɨuk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /piuk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /piuk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /puwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /piuk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /pĭuk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pi̯uk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fu
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pjuwk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*p(r)uk/
    English belly

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3543
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*puɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (anatomy) belly; abdomen
    2. (figuratively) belly-shaped object; belly (of a bottle, jar, etc.)
    3. (figuratively) heart; mind
    4. (figuratively) inside; interior

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. abdomen
    2. belly
    3. stomach

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    Kanji in this term
    はら
    Grade: 6
    kun’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (はら) (hara

    1. belly

    Derived termsEdit

    See alsoEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (bae bok))

    1. Hanja form? of (belly, abdomen, stomach).

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (phúc, phục, phuốc)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.