See also: and
U+9F4A, 齊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9F4A

[U+9F49]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9F4B]
U+2FD1, ⿑
KANGXI RADICAL EVEN

[U+2FD0]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2FD2]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 
Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 210, +0, 14 strokes, cangjie input 卜難 (YX), four-corner 00223, composition ⿸⿱丿𠄌⿲丿)

  1. Kangxi radical #210, .

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1531, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48560
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2068, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4783, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9F4A

Chinese edit

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Ideogram (指事): a field of grain, hence of uniform height.

Etymology 1 edit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Either related to Mizo čelʔᴸ (equal, to endure) or, more phonologically likely, Tibetan ཚིར (tshir, queue, order, succession) as Tibetan /tsʰir/'s final /-r/ can explain the Middle Chinese retroflex initial of (OC *zriːl), which is derived from (OC *zliːl).

Pronunciation 1 edit


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou:
    • chôe - vernacular;
    • chê - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Note:
    • ci5 - literary;
    • zoi5 - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (15)
    Final () (39)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Baxter dzej
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡zei/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡zei/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡zɛi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡zɛj/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡zei/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡ziei/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /d͡zʱiei/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    cai4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzej › ‹ dzej ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[dz]ˁəj/ /*[dz]ˁəj/
    English uniform, equal Qí (place name)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 10052
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*zliːl/
    Definitions edit

    1. even; uniform; of equal length
      牙齒牙齿  ―  Yáchǐ zhǎnɡ de bù .  ―  The teeth are uneven.
    2. same; identical
      天大聖天大圣  ―  tiān Dàshèng  ―  Great Sage, Equal to Heaven (An epithet for Sun Wukong, the main character in the classic novel Journey to the West.)
    3. complete
        ―  Rén dōu lái le ma?  ―  Has everyone arrived?
      東西準備 [MSC, trad.]
      东西准备 [MSC, simp.]
      Wǒ bǎ dōngxī zhǔnbèi le. [Pinyin]
      I've prepared everything ready.
      [Cantonese]  ―  cai4 jan4 zau6 haang4 dak1. [Jyutping]  ―  We can go if everyone has arrived.
    4. together; simultaneously
        ―  wàn pào   ―  many cannons fire simultaneously
      [Cantonese]  ―  cai4 soeng6 cai4 lok6 [Jyutping]  ―  to stick together and fight against tyranny as one group (a slogan used in the 2019-2020 Hong Kong protests
    5. to be the same height as; to be level with
    6. along a line
    7. (~國) Qi, an ancient Chinese duchy, and later kingdom, during the Zhou dynasty
    8. Southern Qi (479–502), the second of the Southern dynasties in China
    9. Northern Qi (550–577), one of the Northern dynasties in China
    10. () (telegraphy) the eighth day of a month
    11. a surname
        ―  Báishí  ―  Qi Baishi (Chinese painter)
    Compounds edit

    Pronunciation 2 edit


    Definitions edit

    1. Alternative form of ()
    2. Alternative form of ()

    Pronunciation 3 edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (15)
    Final () (39)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Baxter dzejH
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡zeiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡zeiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡zɛiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡zɛjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡zeiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡zieiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /d͡zʱieiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    zai6
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 10064
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*zliːls/
    Definitions edit

    1. Alternative form of ()
    2. alloy
    Compounds edit

    Pronunciation 4 edit


    Definitions edit

    1. hem of a skirt, shirt tail
    2. Alternative form of
    3. Alternative form of ()
    Compounds edit

    Pronunciation 5 edit


    Definitions edit

    1. Alternative form of (zhāi)
    2. sacrificial offering
    3. deferential
    Compounds edit

    Pronunciation 6 edit


    Definitions edit

    1. Alternative form of (jiǎn)
    2. Alternative form of (jiào)

    Etymology 2 edit

    trad.
    simp.
    alternative forms 褿

    Pronunciation edit

    Definitions edit

    (Min Nan)

    1. uniform; generally consistent
    2. completely; entirely

    Compounds edit

    References edit

    Japanese edit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji edit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings edit

    Korean edit

    Hanja edit

    (eum (je))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Nôm readings: tày, tề, , chai

    1. chữ Hán form of tề (equal to).

    References edit