Chinese edit

 
to go; to do; capable
to go; to do; capable; all right; competent; OK; to travel; temporary; to walk; will do; behaviour; conduct; a row; profession; professional
phonetic
trad. (行李)
simp. #(行李)

Etymology edit

From 行理 (“messenger”).

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/4 1/1
Initial () (33) (37)
Final () (109) (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II III
Fanqie
Baxter haeng liX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠæŋ/ /lɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚaŋ/ /lɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣaŋ/ /lieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaɨjŋ/ /lɨX/
Li
Rong
/ɣɐŋ/ /liəX/
Wang
Li
/ɣɐŋ/ /lĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɐŋ/ /liX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
héng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
hang4 lei5
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xíng
Middle
Chinese
‹ hæng › ‹ liX ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.[ɡ]ˁraŋ/ /*C.rəʔ/
English walk (v.) plum

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/4 1/1
No. 13867 17869
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡraːŋ/ /*rɯʔ/

Noun edit

行李

  1. belongings one carries for travelling; luggage; baggage (Classifier: m c;  mn)
    行李托運行李托运  ―  xínglǐ tuōyùn  ―  bag drop
    行李安檢行李安检  ―  xínglǐ ānjiǎn  ―  luggage inspection
    行李寄存處行李寄存处  ―  xínglǐ jìcúnchù  ―  luggage deposit
    托運行李托运行李  ―  tuōyùn xínglǐ  ―  to check through luggage
    行李傳送帶行李传送带  ―  xínglǐ chuánsòngdài  ―  baggage carousel
    行李回家 [MSC, trad.]
    行李回家 [MSC, simp.]
    Qǐng bǎ tā de xíngli ná huíjiā. [Pinyin]
    Please take his luggage back home.
    行李淋濕 [MSC, trad.]
    行李淋湿 [MSC, simp.]
    Xíngli ràng yǔ gěi lìnshī le. [Pinyin]
    The luggage was soaked by rain.
  2. (Classical) herald; messenger

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Sino-Xenic (行李):

Others:

See also edit

References edit

  • Duffus, William (1883) “baggage”, in English-Chinese Vocabulary of the Vernacular or Spoken Language of Swatow, Swatow: English Presbyterian Mission Press, page 16

Japanese edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 2

Jinmeiyō
kan’on on’yomi
Alternative spelling
 
行李 (kōri, kori): a wicker trunk.
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

/kauri//kɔːri//koːri/

From Old Japanese, in turn from Middle Chinese 行李 (MC haeng liX, “baggage, luggage”). First cited in Japanese in a section of the 続日本紀 (Shoku Nihongi) dated to 706.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Counter edit

(こう)() (-kōriかうり (kauri)?

  1. [from 1867] used to count items of luggage, cargo, or freight: box, bundle, item, bale, package
Usage notes edit

More commonly encountered with the shortened reading kori.[1][2][4]

Noun edit

(こう)() (kōriかうり (kauri)?

  1. [from 1612] a wicker trunk used as luggage, with a lid that slides down over the top, generally made of bamboo, willow, or wisteria
    Synonym: 葛籠 (tsuzura, more general term for any wicker basket or box)
  2. [from 892] a messenger, an envoy
    Synonym: 使者 (shisha)
  3. [from 706] luggage, baggage (what one takes on a trip to contain one's possessions)
    Synonym: 荷物 (nimotsu)
  4. [from early 1100s] a trip, a voyage (by extension from the luggage sense)
    Synonyms: (tabi), 旅行 (ryokō)
  5. [from 1939] (historical) in the former Japanese army, the unit tasked with transporting materiel and supplies: military logistics

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
こう > こ
Grade: 2

Jinmeiyō
irregular on’yomi
Alternative spelling

/kɔːri//kori/

Analyzable as a shortening of the kōri reading. First cited in 1523.[5]

Pronunciation edit

Counter edit

()() (-kori

  1. [from late 1870s] used to count items of luggage, cargo, or freight: box, bundle, item, bale, package

Noun edit

()() (kori

  1. [from 1523] a bundle of one or more pieces of luggage secured with rope or cord
  2. [from 1603] a wicker trunk used as luggage, with a lid that slides down over the top, generally made of bamboo, willow, or wisteria
    Synonym: 葛籠 (tsuzura, more general term for any wicker basket or box)

Etymology 3 edit

Kanji in this term
あん
Grade: 2

Jinmeiyō
tōon on’yomi

Shift from earlier kōri reading to adopt the tō-on reading for the initial character. May be either a later re-borrowing from Chinese, or influenced by later changes in Chinese pronunciation.

First attested in the 1230s.[6]

This reading is not included in various dictionaries[2][3][4] and may be obsolete.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(あん)() (anri

  1. [from 1230s] (Zen) Alternative spelling of 行履 (anri): daily life, what one does in a regular day
    Synonyms: 行住坐臥 (gyōjūzaga, Zen terminology, literally going, staying, sitting, lying down), 日常生活 (nichijō seikatsu, general terminology, literally daily lifestyle)
  2. [from 1548] (archaic, possibly obsolete) luggage, baggage (what one takes on a trip to contain one's possessions)
    Synonym: 荷物 (nimotsu)
  3. [from 1717] (archaic, possibly obsolete) a messenger, an envoy
    Synonym: 使者 (shisha)

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 行李・梱”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1997), 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 梱・行李”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[2] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
  6. ^ 行李”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[3] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000

Vietnamese edit

chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Noun edit

行李

  1. chữ Hán form of hành lí (luggage; baggage).