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See also:
U+8C7A, 豺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8C7A

[U+8C79]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8C7B]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 153, +3, 10 strokes, cangjie input 月竹木竹 (BHDH), four-corner 24200, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1200, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36500
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1662, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3908, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+8C7A

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*zraː, *zraːʔ, *ʔsrɯ, *zrɯ
*zlɯː
*zlɯː, *zlɯːs
*zlɯː
*zlɯː, *ʔslɯ
*zlɯːʔ, *zlɯːs
*zrɯː

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zrɯː): semantic  (creature) + phonetic  (OC *zlɯː, *zlɯːs).

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “link with Manchu "jar'hu"?”

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou, Zhangzhou:
    • châi/chhâi - literary;
    • siâ - vernacular.
  • (Teochew)
  • Note:
    • cai5 - literary;
    • sai6 - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (20)
    Final () (33)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʒˠɛi/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖ͡ʐᵚæi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʒɐi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖ͡ʐəɨj/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡ʒɛi/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡ʒɐi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɖ͡ʐʱăi/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chái
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chái
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzreaj ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[dz]ˁrə/
    English wolf

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1066
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*zrɯː/

    DefinitionsEdit

     
    1. dhole (Cuon alpinus)
        ―  cháiláng  ―  the dhole and the wolf
        ―  cháigǒu  ―  dhole
    2. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) cruel; wicked; mean

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of (“dhole”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) , 豺狗
    Taxonomic name
    Mandarin Harbin 棒子狗
    Lanzhou 豺狼子, 豺狗子
    Gan Nanchang 豺狗
    Pingxiang 豺狗
    Hakka Meixian 豺狗
    Yudu 豺狗
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 豺狗
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 豺狗
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 豺狗
    Dongshi (Dabu) 豺狗
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 豺狗
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 豺狗
    Huizhou Jixi 豺狗
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen 豺狗
    Jinjiang 山狗
    Zhangzhou 山狗, 豺狗
    Wu Wenzhou 豺狗
    Ningbo 豺狗
    Xiang Changsha 豺狗子

    Usage notesEdit

    This canid is often misidentified as a jackal (胡狼) or a wolf () by English translators (Schafer, 1991). Chinese translators also often use to translate "jackal".

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (si) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: sài ((sàng)(giai)(thiết))[1][2][3][4]
    : Nôm readings: sài[1][3][5], rài[4][5]

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit