U+81E4, 臤
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81E4

[U+81E3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81E5]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 131, +2, 8 strokes, cangjie input 尸中水 (SLE), composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 999, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30070
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1450, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2802, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+81E4

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script
       

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 4/4
Initial () (29) (29) (29)
Final () (61) (73) (44)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () I II Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɑn/ /kʰˠɛn/ /kʰˠiɪnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰɑn/ /kʰᵚæn/ /kʰᵚinH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɑn/ /kʰæn/ /kʰienH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰan/ /kʰəɨn/ /kʰjinH/
Li
Rong
/kʰɑn/ /kʰɛn/ /kʰjĕnH/
Wang
Li
/kʰɑn/ /kʰæn/ /kʰǐĕnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰɑn/ /kʰăn/ /kʰi̯ĕnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kān qiān qìn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
hon1 haan1 han3
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 4/4
No. 1324 1326 1348
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰaːn/ /*kʰriːn/ /*kʰins/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. firm and solid, rigid, stable

ReferencesEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“virtuous; good; clever; wise; worthy; able; capable”).
(This character, , is an ancient form of .)

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. hard
  2. wise

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gan) (hangeul , revised gan, McCune–Reischauer kan, Yale kan)

  1. wise
  2. hard